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Green Light Continues to Show Positive Effects on Migraine Sufferers

Anyone who’s had a migraine knows how debilitating can be - even more so if that person is a chronic migraine sufferer. At its worst, migraines can be all-consuming: you can't open your eyes from the pain, perhaps even suffering from nausea and vomiting. 

Migraines are even more common than you think. They’re a more powerful headache, which usually affects one side of the head. Sometimes they come with warnings, but most times you’ll just get them suddenly, which is probably the most inconvenient part. Migraines can be difficult and painful. You could be having a regular day with no problems, and suddenly you'll get a jolt of pain to your head that feels inescapable.

Dealing with a migraine is often a serious challenge; you can’t just go lie down and take 30-minutes to rest up. It takes hours, even days for a migraine to end. And if you’re working, unable to take multiple days off, this is a serious problem. 

Migraines can happen with or without auras. When they occur with auras, this means you see flickering light, spots, or lines. It can feel like your mind is playing games with you when in reality, it's a migraine forming. 

Migraines without auras are the ones that come without warning; however, mood changes can be an indicator that a migraine is manifesting itself for you. Your eyes could start burning or watering, and your nose could be stuffy right before a migraine. They usually feel like a throbbing pain in your head, as mentioned, often on one side of the head. Neck pains and cramps are also something you could be feeling and experiencing during a migraine. 

They often feel like a tightening of the whole head and body, giving a rather inconvenient sensation. It's not uncommon to experience vertigo and double vision, as well. Migraines sometimes feel incurable, precisely because of the way the symptoms can vary. You can experience one type of migraine and, within a few days, a completely different one. Sometimes they last for minutes and others, hours or days. 

If you, someone you know, or a patient of yours is experiencing migraines frequently and severely, that person has probably seen a doctor for the condition. And though some people have shelves full of prescriptions, many are seeking something less invasive, without side effects, yet still effective. Well, luckily, there is a solution for non-invasive migraine treatment: light therapy lamp treatments.

Light therapy is a way of transforming your overall health. In a light therapy treatment, you not only receive relief for your migraine but also for your general health. LED light therapy health benefits multiply the more invested you are. Light therapy eases the symptoms of whatever may be getting in your way while increasing your energy and improving mood.

How light therapy can help migraines is via green light. While green light therapy has been studied for a while, recent studies are proving its effectiveness against migraines. A new study shows that green light exposure reduced the number of headache days per month by an average of about 60%. The light not only reduced the pain but reduced the time of the migraine, making it shorter and more bearable. Another study showed that immediately after light therapy treatment, patients reported reduced migraine discomfort by 20%. Green light also produces a relaxing effect and has shown a much better result at dealing with migraines long-term than any other form of light. 

So by penetrating into the body’s cells, it regenerates your cellular system, and thus, the whole body. It’s a process that should be done in the darkness, at any given time, for a period of 15-30 minutes. With daily treatments, you are more likely to reap the many benefits of light therapy. 

Kayian's light therapy devices are perfect for at-home treatments or for use in medical clinics, specifically designed for you or your clients’ wants and needs. They are MDA-certified and FDA-approved, ensuring that your light therapy device meets medical and safety standards.

Controlling Appetite with Red Light Therapy

It isn’t crazy to find comfort in food; and although overeating, or binge eating, often provides temporary relief, it can come with some real detriments to health. 

So what’s wrong with overeating? Sadly, a lot. Eating too much can lead to increased body fat and consequently weight gain. Remember: our daily caloric balance is determined by the ratio between the calories consumed and calories burned. If we consume more calories than burned, the body sees the excess calories as a form of fat. In the long run, this can lead to obesity, a major risk factor for cardiovascular health. Overeating isn’t something to be taken lightly.

While we’re telling you overeating is bad, it’s very easy to fall into it—trust us, we know. Why have a slice of pizza when you can eat the whole tray? However, overeating can play a messy role in your hormonal function. Eating too much food can lead to interrupting the mechanisms related to the ghrelin hormone, which has the role of stimulating your appetite, and leptin, which instead suppresses it. 

This happens especially if you overdo it with foods rich in fats and sugars. While consuming foods high in fat and sugar, it increases the levels of dopamine, the hormone that activates the pleasure centers of the brain. The body then comes to associate the ‘feel-good’ sensations with certain foods, generally rich in empty calories, fats, and sugars (as well as salt). This creates a sort of addiction since your body is connecting dopamine to your favorite food.

But what causes us to overeat? Well, the cause of overeating is different for many people. It could stem from emotional trauma or stress, and sometimes even boredom. Whatever the circumstance may be, the result is almost always the same.

When overeating, you’re more likely to gain fat, your hunger regulation will become unbalanced, and you’ll end up bloated, sleepy, and lacking in energy.

Chronic overeating can lead to both obesity and insulin resistance, two enormous risks for metabolic syndrome—a collection of conditions that increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes risk.

The recovery process from overeating is usually neglected. The need for a healthy body and mind goes beyond wanting to “look good.” It’s about feeling good from the inside out. Life isn’t just about breathing and living, but to be fully breathing and living in the best way possible. While there are procedures that give easy-way-out options such as invasive treatments like liposuction, they rarely focus on the root problem. However, while discovering the root cause of overeating, there are non-pharmaceutical treatments that can significantly help the process. This is where light therapy comes in. 

Light therapy is a non-invasive, non-medical treatment that focuses on the body’s overall health. It’s used for a variety of conditions, from more serious to cosmetic issues. The way it works is through LED light targeted at a cellular level, penetrating into cells and accelerating ATP production. This way, ATP is released faster and stronger into the body, fueling cellular regeneration.  

With a higher count of healthy cells, you improve your body’s overall wellbeing. The power of light therapy is extremely strong and the LED light therapy health benefits are countless.

But how can light therapy help with appetite? Well, red light therapy decreases ghrelin production. This means that every time you’re using a light therapy product, you’re preventing the signal of eating to approach your brain. Simultaneously, it increases leptin, the feeling of fullness. This way, you’ll be feeling better and fuller while eating proportioned meals. The benefits of light therapy with the regulation of these hormones is how you ultimately balance your appetite;  you’re essentially reprogramming your body back to its original state, non-invasively and non-medically. 

Red light therapy for body at home is easy to incorporate into your daily routine and accessible for at-home treatment. Kaiyan produces MDA-certified and FDA-approved light therapy devices for essential at-home treatments, making it easy for you, or your patients, to deal with appetite control in the comfort of your own home, with a secure device and therapy of your choice.

Back to Nature: The Healing Power of Bird Sounds

What is Sound Therapy?

Sound has been used to heal and calm people for thousands of years. Himalayan singing bowls used in Asia during prayer and meditation positively affect one’s health and well-being. This is just one example of age-old instruments from all over the world being applied as healing instruments.

Sound therapy is based on the premise that we are all made up of energy frequencies, and audio frequencies can interact with our body’s energy to rebalance our systems.

Since music is basically just organized sound, it can be deconstructed to affect our physical and psychological well-being positively.

Ailments Sound Therapy can Help:
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Autism and learning disabilities
  • Dementia
  • Behavior and psychiatric disorders
Five Other Benefits of Sound Therapy
  • Lower stress responses
  • A decrease in mood swings
  • Pain management
  • Improves sleep
  • Lowers blood pressure

How Does Bird Music Help in Sound Therapy?

Our body’s response to noise traces back to when humans began roaming the earth. Think about loud noises  such as your alarm clock in the morning, the rattling of a jackhammer, or the din of the open office. These sounds evoke an instinctive fight-or-flight reaction in our brains, causing a release of chemicals that stimulates immediate action. This reaction has been instrumental to our survival for eons and remains so to this day. The loud honk of a car horn immediately stimulates our brain and body to respond quickly and get us out of harm’s way.

The things we see, hear, and experience moment after moment not only change our mood but impact us on a deeper physical level; it alters the way our nervous, endocrine, and immune systems function.

Listening to birdsong is a wonderful way to reconnect with nature and shift your focus away from the clutter and chaos that is often part of our daily lives.

According to Eleanor Ratcliffe from the University of Surrey, in her thesis examining the restorative perceptions and outcomes associated with listening to birds, bird sounds have the ability to transport yours to nature.

So, not only does bird music affect us positively on a fundamental level of sound frequency, but it also has the capability to make you think you’re in a natural environment, which will in and of itself reduce stress, anxiety, and depression.

Why Is Bird Music So Powerful For Relaxation And Reducing Anxiety?

In today’s fast-paced world, it is vital to make lifestyle choices that will reduce stress and ultimately prolong your life. It has been revealed that listening to slow tempo, low-pitched music with no lyrics can reduce stress and anxiety in people who are to undergo invasive surgery. It also lessens the requirement of subsequent pain medication.

Now, the above are some proven benefits of listening to ordinary music. Just think how powerful it will be to add bird sounds to the mix?

Bird songs and calls are the sorts of natural sounds that most people associate with perceived stress recovery.

During semi-structured interviews conducted with twenty adult participants, Eleanor Ratcliffe determined the following reasons why bird song helps with relaxation and reducing anxiety.

1. Invokes Positive Memories

Bird sounds associated with enjoyable or special events help combat stress and anxiety and ease depressive episodes, as it creates positive emotions linked with particular places and times.

2. Shifts the Focus

Listening to bird music during trying times moves the focus away from the problems and leads to calm.

3. Change of Stimuli

We get used to the everyday sounds of city life. When we listen to bird music, it provides a break from the emotions associated with our surroundings. This short reprieve will help reduce stress.

4. Welcome Distraction

Bird music has the ability to effortlessly take you out of your current environment without you having to move a muscle.

As a symbol of nature, a bird song transports you far from the daily hustle and bustle and removes you from day-to-day demands that may be causing anxiety.

Although science hasn’t yet caught up with bird music believers’ confidence in its healing properties, the evidence speaks for itself since most support is anecdotal.

Bird music is by no means a miracle cure and should still be used in conjunction with medicine as prescribed by your general practitioner.

How Does Bird Music Work Scientifically?

Bird music can clearly have positive effects on a person’s mood, mental health, and physical well-being.

But what real scientific proof is there of music in general’s impact on mental states?

Below you will find some studies that back up what people have been saying for years — music has healing properties.

1. Changes Brain Function

Using electroencephalographs (EEGs) — a device that measures electrical impulses in the brain — established that music with a strong beat stimulates the brain. In contrast, slow beats encourage the brain to relax by promoting a meditative state. When you listen to faster beats, it can lead to deep concentration.

According to a psychologist who was one of the participating researchers, the human brain is usually locked into a specific functioning level. But by speeding up or slowing down the brainwaves, it is easier for the brain to change its speed in reaction to external and internal stimuli.

2. It Increases Blood Flow in the Brain

Thomas Budzynski, an affiliate professor of psychology at the University of Washington, found that the mind enjoys new stimuli. Whenever the brain experiences new sights or sounds, blood flow increases, equalling a better cognitive response. Some anecdotal evidence indicates that this increase in blood flow may help in repairing damaged brain cells.

3. Stimulates the Release of Internal Opioid Peptides

In a review titled The Neurochemistry of music, it is mentioned that listening to music lowers the need for pain medication due to the euphoria often experienced when listening to specific music.

4. Increases Dopamine Levels

Dopamine is responsible for body movements but also plays a role in a person’s emotional response. For this reason, should music raise dopamine, it will be an excellent thing, especially if you’re suffering from mood swings, depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses or associated symptoms.

Using neuroimaging technology, the central dopamine release while listening to enjoyable music was measured, and the results are positive. The right type of music does increase dopamine.

No wonder listening to music is one of life’s most pleasurable and relaxing activities.

Kaiyan Medical

We are pioneers and architects of light therapy products. Slowly, we are implementing sounds into our devices. We no longer design for our skin and muscles but also our ears.

Beard Growth & Light Therapy

Beard Growth & Light Therapy

“The benefit of having a beard is protection, as well as aesthetics,” says Dave Harvey, M.D. “It's good protection against wind, chafing, and traumatic injury. It’s also a trend, so we see a lot of men with some form of facial hair.”

The Health Benefits of Beards

Beards can:

  • Protect skin from sun damage. Beards can help protect the skin from harmful UV rays, though the degree of protection may depend on hair density and thickness. “You’re going to have some protection because hair is a reflective medium,” says Dr. Harvey. “Even though some UV rays get through, there is some scattering of the light, and that’s how it helps protect against sun damage.”
  • Keep you warm. Beards can add a layer of protection to your chin and neck, thus keeping you warm in colder weather. The longer and fuller the beard, the better it will insulate your face.
  • Make you feel more attractive. A study conducted by the Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society found that men with a moderately full beard are most attractive. Men with full beards may be perceived as better fathers who could protect and invest in their children. “Men with beards have a powerful look,” says Dr. Harvey. “And that’s an attractive thing.”

Common Problems for Beard Growers

Growing a beard is not always easy. And if your beard is not properly cared for, it can become a harbinger for bacteria.

“If you don’t clean your beard well, and you let it just do its own thing, sometimes you can accumulate yeast and get dandruff within the beard,” says Dr. Harvey. “With that, you’ll get a reactive scaling on the face and flaking like you would with dandruff. So those patients need to be put on antifungal shampoo.”

Beard growers also face the challenge of ingrown follicles that result in bumps known as acne keloidalis.

“Some men will get a raised scarring type of bump called an acne keloidalis of the neck,” he says. “So we offer them topical antibiotics or Retin A for those particular reasons.”

Low-Level Laser Therapy for Beards

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is an FDA-approved treatment using laser light energy to circulate blood flow to hair follicles. Laser therapy for hair growth can be used to stop hair loss in men and women. The non-invasive lasers stimulate hair follicles to induce regrowth, resulting in a thicker beard in several weeks of treatments.

Laser hair therapy is also called red light therapy. The process irradiates photons in skin tissue, resulting in photons being absorbed into weaker hair follicles and promoting hair growth.

How Successful Is Laser Hair Restoration?

Laser treatment for hair loss works because photons amp up circulation and stimulation, which brings back hair follicles that may have died off.

Clinical Study

Laser hair restoration therapy is continuing to develop. Still, the National Institutes of Health has conducted multiple studies on laser hair growth therapy to see if it works for those with alopecia and male pattern baldness.

The NIH study used a controlled clinical trial that found laser hair therapy works for men and women, and it’s safe.

Another study from 2013 included male participants aged 18 to 48. The result of laser hair therapy treatment included a 39 percent increase in hair growth for participants over four months.

However, laser therapy is just one piece of the puzzle. Many factors contribute to repeated hair loss, including:

  • Age.
  • Genetics.
  • Medical conditions like diabetes and lupus.
  • Hormones.
  • Poor diet.
  • Side effects of medications, such as chemotherapy.
  • Stress.

How Long Does Laser Hair Therapy Take To Work?

From your first treatment, it can take several weeks to see a noticeable difference. This is because red light therapy for hair loss must be administered multiple times over 4 to 6 weeks to begin working.

If you don’t see any growth after 90 days, it’s probably unlikely you’ll regrow hair with this method. You should consult your doctor about the growth cycle and see how long it will take.

One Tree Planted x Kaiyan: A Partnership for a Greener Future

With all of the environmental concerns surrounding pollution and climate change, the world is at great uncertainty. The list of issues with respect to the way we treat our environment is an increasingly long one. Eco-systems are being destroyed, making our planet less safely inhabitable for both humans and animals. 

For example, a decade ago, air pollution didn't seem so deadly, yet today, it's one of the most life-threatening problems we face. 

Eco-systems often cause and create their microclimates, and with their disappearance, the earth's climate is corrupted. Draught is more frequent around the world and the infamous temperature rise and warming of the climate. Our carbon footprint can and should be reduced, and even though it may seem difficult, the changes have to start somewhere.

The importance of companies taking charge lies in their global reach. Businesses worldwide are capable of spreading information globally, drawing attention to important matters that could make a vital change in the world. Companies staying aware and taking responsibility for their impact on the environment make us more aware of our responsibility. 

So, what’s our story? 

At Kaiyan we've been producing the highest quality light therapy devices for 15 years. Our products are MDA-certified and FDA-approved. First and foremost, our products are designed to improve our customers' well-being, not through gimmicks but science-backed LED therapy devices. 

Our products focus on bringing back balance into the body, inside and out—the natural way. The best part is light therapy is a non-invasive and long-term solution of helping with various health problems, from the inside out. The type of light therapy colors used offers a wide range of benefits. 

With skin, it works by smoothing it out and helping in the general glowing appearance. With light therapy, collagen production increases, which results in fewer wrinkles and fine lines. It helps with wound healing and scars and also with more serious skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis. 

But light therapy capabilities go beyond skin deep. Light therapy also helps with mental health issues such as depression and sleep disorders. Working the way it does, from within, means it penetrates directly into our cells. This way, our cells are rejuvenated, and ATP production boosted. By better cell reproduction, we have a better and healthier organism. 

Many people also struggle with vitamin D deficiency, which causes muscle and bone pains, alongside extreme fatigue. Vitamin d deficiency light therapy works by substituting the Sun. Where it lacks sunshine, our LED light therapy device helps create serotonin and melanin we’d usually get if there were no lack. 

So the health benefits of color light therapy are many, ranging from surface level problems such as skincare to deeper lever problems such as mental health disorders. Working at the cellular level helps our brain's chemical process, creating a better and healthier balance for our bodies. 

Though our focus is improving the human body, we also want to do our part to protect our planet. Kaiyan’s mission is to help with the environment by bringing balance and wellness to the world. This means creating the best and most effective light therapy products while ensuring the environment is kept in mind. 

Saving the Planet One Tree at a Time

One Tree Planted is a non-profit organization working as an environmental charity. Their mission is to help the environment, and they do so by helping us and providing an easier way for individuals or businesses to get involved. One Tree Planted takes online donations and uses the funds to invest in reforestation.

The organization started its project in 2014, and by 2020 the numbers increased from 50 thousand to 15 million. Creating a healthier climate and better world has never been easier. One Tree Planted puts effort into protecting biodiversity and natural habitats. They work with partners in the Americas, Asia, and Africa. Apart from creating new forests, they also restore forests damaged from floods or fires.  

With each Kaiyan manufacturing order, our clients are given the opportunity to select a location for a tree to be planted in their name. Trees help create more oxygen in the atmosphere, and even purify our air. It's an incredibly worthwhile, and impactful opportunity to do something for our mother earth. At the end of the day, sustainability is something we at Kaiyan are working towards passionately, and with our One Tree Planted Partnership, we're able to get our incredible clients involved in bettering the planet, as well.

Injecting UV Light? - Ultraviolet blood irradiation (UBI)

Ultraviolet blood irradiation (UBI) was extensively used in the 1940s and 1950s to treat many diseases, including septicemia, pneumonia, tuberculosis, arthritis, asthma, and even poliomyelitis. The early studies were carried out by several physicians in the USA and published in the American Journal of Surgery. However, with the development of antibiotics, UBI use declined, and it has now been called “the cure that time forgot.” Russian workers and other Eastern countries mostly performed later studies, and the modern view in Western countries is that UBI remains highly controversial.

No resistance of microorganisms to UV irradiation has been reported, and multi- antibiotic-resistant strains are as susceptible as their wild-type counterparts. Low and mild UV kill microorganisms by damaging the DNA, while DNA repair enzymes can rapidly repair any DNA damage in host cells. However, UBI treats septicemia cannot be solely due to UV-mediated killing of bacteria in the blood-stream, as only 5–7% of blood volume needs to be treated with UV to produce the optimum benefit. UBI may enhance the phagocytic capacity of various phagocytic cells (neutrophils and dendritic cells), inhibit lymphocytes, and oxidize blood lipids. The oxidative nature of UBI may have mechanisms in common with ozone therapy and other oxygen therapies.

Ultraviolet (UV)

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is part of the electromagnetic spectrum with a wavelength range (100–400 nm) shorter than that of visible light (400–700 nm) but longer than x-rays (<100 nm). UV radiation is divided into four distinct spectral areas, including vacuum UV (100–200 nm), UVC (200–280 nm), UVB (280–315 nm), and UVA (315–400 nm). Only part of UVB and UVA can reach on earth because wavelengths shorter than 280 nm are filtered out by the atmosphere, especially by the “ozone layer.”

In the second half of the nineteenth century, the therapeutic application of sunlight known as heliotherapy gradually became popular. In 1855, Rikli from Switzerland opened a thermal station in Veldes in Slovenia to provide helio-therapy. In 1877, Downes and Blunt discovered by chance that sunlight could kill bacteria. They noted that sugar water placed on a window-sill turned cloudy in the shade but remained clear while in the sun. Upon microscopic examination of the two solutions, they realized that bacteria were growing in the shaded solution but not in the one exposed to sunlight.

Emmett K Knott in Seattle, WA, reasoned that the beneficial effects of UV irradiation to the skin obtained by Ude might be explained by the irradiation of blood circulating in the superficial capillaries of the skin. With his collaborator Edblom, an irradiation chamber was constructed to allow direct blood exposure to UV. The irradiation chamber was circular and contained a labyrinthine set of channels that connected the inlet and outlet ports. All these channels were covered with a quartz window that formed the top of the chamber. The irradiation chamber was designed to provide maximum turbulence of the blood flowing through. This was done to (a) prevent the formation of a thin film of blood on the chamber window that would absorb and filter out much of the UV light; (b) ensure that all the blood passing through the chamber was equally exposed to UV.

Mechanisms of Action of UBI

One of the major obstacles that UBI has consistently faced throughout the almost 90 years since the first patient was treated has been the lack of understanding of action mechanisms. Over the years, its acceptance by the broad medical community has been hindered by this uncertainty. Confusion has been caused by the widely held idea that since UV is used for sterilization of water and surgical instruments; therefore its use against infection must also rely on UV-mediated direct destruction of pathogens. Another highly confusing aspect is the wide assortment of diseases, which have been claimed to be successfully treated by UBI. It is often thought that something that appears to be “too good to be true” usually is.

UBI affects various functions of red blood cells and various leukocytes, as proven in various in vitro studies. A common model is stimulator cells in mixed leukocyte cultures; another is helper cells in mitogen-stimulated cultures. UV also reversed cytokine production and blocked cytokine release. UV can also disturb cell membrane mobilization.

Effects on Red Blood Cells

Anaerobic conditions strongly inhibited the process by which long-wave UV light induces the loss of K+ ions from red blood cells. Has been proved that UV-irradiation could affect the osmotic properties of red blood cells, the submicroscopic structure, and adenine nucleotides' metabolism. Irradiation times (60, 120, 180, 240, and 300 minutes) were used; during the irradiation, ATP decreased while the amounts of ADP, AXP, and adenine compounds increased. UV also increased hypotonic Na +, and K+ ion exchange and the hematocrit value increased.

A two-phase polymer system containing poly-dextran was used to show that circulating erythrocytes' cell surface was reduced after UV irradiation. This contributed to the prolongation of survival of transfused erythrocytes and was suggested to explain the more effective therapeutic activity of autotransfusion blood.

Effects on Lymphocytes (T-Cells and B-Cells)

UBI generally decreases lymphocyte viability. UVC irradiation is the most effective among the three UV spectral regions. UVB and UVC irradiation can abolish the proliferative and stimulatory ability and the accessory/ antigen-presenting ability of lymphocytes in vitro. The cell-surface properties, calcium mobilization, cytokine production and release, and other sub-cellular processes could all be changed by UV irradiation. Areltt et al. used the “Comet “assay to detect DNA-strand breakage (single-cell gel electrophoresis) as an indicator of excision repair to prove that circulating human T–lymphocytes were exquisitely hyper-sensitive to the DNA-damaging and lethal effects of UV-B radiation, raising the possibility that UV-B may contribute to immunosuppression via a direct effect on extra capillary T-lymphocytes.

Effects on Platelets

H2O2 production in platelets is low at a shallow UV dose, but it increased suddenly as the dose increased above 0.4 J/cm2. Pamphilon reported that platelet concentrates (PC) could become non-immunogenic after UVR and after being stored for 5 days in DuPont Stericell containers. Lactate levels, β-thrombomodulin, and platelet factor were higher after UV. In contrast, glucose levels decreased with an irradiation dose of 3000 J/m2 at a mean wavelength of 310 nm applied in DuPont Stericell bags. Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation of platelet concentrate (PC) accelerated downregulation of CD14 and nonspecifically increased the loss of monocytes by inhibiting the upregulation of ICAM-1 and HLA-DR. However, UV irradiation of platelet concentrates produced a reduction of immunological response in a cell suspension.

Things to consider before buying a UVC device

There are a few things you should consider before investing in a UVC wand or other UVC devices.

The first and most important thing to consider: safety. Experts have said UVC can affect skin cells the same way it kills bacteria; it can cause mutations in them and lead to skin cancer. Looking at UVC lights can cause irreversible blindness, too.

Here in Kaiyan Medical, we suggest that you look for UVC devices that come with safety switches — automatic “turn-off” buttons that halt the light emission as soon as you’re at risk of direct exposure.

The second thing to consider: the legitimacy of the product. We have seen some counterfeit UVC consumer products on the market. But unless you have a device at home that measures wavelength in realtime (aka a spectrometer), there’s no way of distinguishing products that use UVC rays versus other UV rays.

Conclusion

UV irradiation of blood was hailed as a miracle therapy for treating serious infections in the 1940s and 1950s. In an ironic quirk of fate, this historical time period coincided with the widespread introduction of penicillin antibiotics, which were rapidly found to be an even bigger medical miracle therapy. Moreover, another major success of UBI, which was becoming increasingly used to treat polio, was also eclipsed by the introduction of the Salk polio vaccine in 1955. UBI had originally been an American discovery but then was transitioned to being more studied in Russia and other eastern countries, which had long concentrated on physical therapies for many diseases, which were more usually treated with drugs in the West.

However, in the last decade, the problem of multi-antibiotic-resistant bacteria has grown relentlessly. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) and pan drug-resistant (PDR) bacterial strains and their related infections are emerging threats to public health throughout the world. These are associated with approximately two-fold higher mortality rates and considerably prolonged hospital admissions. The infections caused by antibiotic-resistant strains are often tough to treat due to the limited therapeutic options range. Recently in Feb 2015, the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance stated, “Drug-resistant infections could kill an extra 10 million people across the world every year by 2050 if they are not tackled. By this date, they could also cost the world around $100 trillion in the lost output: more than the size of the current world economy, and roughly equivalent to the world losing the output of the UK economy every year, for 35 years”.

References

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SAD - Seasonal Affective Disorder 101

The first formal description of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), the most well-known psychiatric condition associated with seasonality in humans, was introduced in the mid-1980s by Rosenthal, who described a group of 29 patients living in a temperate climate who experienced depressive episodes characterized by hypersomnia, hyperphagia, and weight gain in the fall or winter, and whose symptoms remitted by the next spring or summer.

SAD was incorporated into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders III-R when “seasonal pattern” was introduced as a specifier for Major Depression and Bipolar Disorders. Subsequent revision in DSM-IV described SAD as “a regular temporal relationship between the onset of Major Depressive Episodes in Bipolar I (BPI) or Bipolar II (BPII) Disorder or Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), recurrent, and a particular time of the year.”

Today, SAD, or MDD with seasonal pattern, is defined as recurrent episodes of major depression that meet the following criteria: at least two consecutive years where the onset and offset of depressive symptoms occur at characteristic times with no non-seasonal episodes, a temporal relationship between onset of symptoms and time of year, a temporal relationship between remission of symptoms and time of year, and an outnumbering of seasonal compared to non-seasonal episodes throughout the lifetime of the patient.

Pathophysiology of SAD

To date, the pathophysiology of SAD is unclear. Early research into the mechanism of SAD focused on day length or photoperiod. This hypothesis posited that shorter days in winter, possibly mediated by a longer duration of nocturnal melatonin secretion, leads to depressed mood in susceptible individuals. To date, there is little data to support this hypothesis. Furthermore, given that bright light in the evening has not been as effective as that given in the morning, it now seems unlikely that the photoperiod is the underlying pathological mechanism of SAD.

Although some animal studies have implicated a direct effect of light on the midbrain (Miller, Miller, Obermeyer, Behan, & Benca, 1999; Miller, Obermeyer, Behan, & Benca, 1998), the most prominent hypothesis driving human studies involves disruption of circadian rhythms. Research on the role of serotonin is also active.

Circadian Rhythm

A circadian rhythm refers to the approximately 24-hour cycle of physiological processes present in humans and other animals. This cycle is governed via clock gene expression by the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master pacemaker located within the anterior hypothalamus. Though the SCN endogenously generates circadian oscillations, SCN endogenously generates circadian oscillations, and they need to be entrained to the 24-hour day by external cues. Light exposure is the most important synchronizing agent of endogenous circadian rhythms.

Downstream of the SCN, a collection of systemically active neurohumoral networks transduce circadian information to the rest of the body. For instance, via projections to the hypothalamus's paraventricular nucleus, the activation of the SCN leads to autonomic changes, including cardiovascular modulation, and together the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems collaborate to affect systemic changes. Thus, the SCN receives information about the external day-night cycle directly through retinofugal pathways and indirectly through neuromodulatory signaling. Circadian information is then relayed systemically through neurohumoral networks.

The current primary hypothesis for the pathophysiology of SAD, known as the “phase-shift hypothesis,” posits that there is an optimal relationship in the alignment of the sleep-wake cycle and the endogenous circadian rhythm. During the fall and winter, as day length shortens, the circadian rhythm begins to drift later concerning clock time and the sleep-wake cycle. This phase delay is hypothesized to bring about mood symptoms. A pulse of morning bright light generates a circadian phase advance, which is thought to correct the discordance between sleep and circadian phase, thereby ameliorating depressive symptoms. However, the phase-shift hypothesis would predict that the amount of phase correction required for each patient would depend on an individual’s PAD, which has not yet been proven.

Serotonin

Several studies have also proposed that serotonin is implicated in the pathophysiology of SAD, as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) appear to be effective in the treatment of SAD. Supporting this hypothesis, one study used Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging to look at binding probability at synaptic serotonin transporters in 88 normal individuals living in the temperate climate of Toronto, Canada (Praschak-Rieder, Willeit, Wilson, Houle, & Meyer, 2008). The binding probability was increased during fall and winter compared to warmer months, thus eliciting an inverse correlation between binding potential and sunlight durationsunlight duration. Of note, the largest difference in transporter binding was found in the mesencephalon, a finding consistent with animal studies demonstrating the importance of direct effects of light to the midbrain on behavior. If increased transporter activity indicated greater reuptake of serotonin during the fall/winter, and if this resulted in a lower density of cleft serotonin, then the seasonal variation in transporter activity (i.e., higher transporter efficiency in the winter) would seem to leave susceptible individuals particularly prone to mood symptoms during the darker seasons. Moreover, following BLT and during periods of remission in the summer months, the synaptic transporter activity was shown to be reduced to control levels in these patients.

Eating Disorders

BLT has also been investigated to a lesser extent in eating disorders. Because binge eating episodes have been observed to increase in fall and winter in some patients, BLT has been examined as a treatment modality for anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Thus, BLT's effects on patients with eating disorders remain enigmatic. Additional studies, including larger, randomized, blinded, and controlled trials, are needed to elucidate further the role of BLT in treating this patient population. Further research might also determine whether BLT would be a useful treatment in Binge-Eating Disorder, a diagnosis new to DSM-5.

Adult ADHD

Additionally, BLT has been studied in the context of adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), where, in addition to normal ADHD symptoms, patients often have depressed mood and difficulties falling asleep, awakening on time, and maintaining arousal (Brown & McMullen, 2001). These symptoms are indicative of a possible delay in the circadian rhythm. A case report of symptom improvement following BLT in a child with ADHD who displayed signs of delayed sleep phase also supports the idea that BLT may be useful in treating symptoms of ADHD (Gruber, Grizenko, & Joober, 2007). Whether the pathways that subserve the improvement of mood symptoms in response to BLT are the same pathways that underlie the seemingly beneficial effects of BLT in ADHD remains to be studied. While these results are promising, further studies, preferably in randomized, blinded, and controlled studies will need to be performed.

Finally

A significant immediate reduction of depression scores with light treatment can be identified after 20 minutes and reaches the maximum at 40 minutes, with no additional benefit at 60 minutes. The rate of change is steepest during the first 20 minutes of light as compared with longer intervals. Comparing the clinical impact of these durations of administration may yield different results when measured after several daily sessions. The overnight effect on circadian rhythms and sleep was not assessed in our study and is thought to impact mood regulation in SAD. Larger, prospective, controlled, and hypothesis-driven studies in more naturalistic conditions would be desirable to replicate our study results and our study results and analyze the temporal dynamic of the persistence of the immediate mood-improvement effects. Besides, in larger samples, one could define early responders and nonresponders, analyze genetic (e.g., melanopsin related genes), demographic (children, adolescents, adults, elderly, gender), physiological (e.g., pupillary responses), and clinical (e.g., abundant atypical symptoms) predictors for early response. If proven effective and efficacious, shorter exposures to bright light could become a feasible and broadly employed intervention for immediate mood improvement as an early step on the road toward full antidepressant response and remission.


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Green Light for Migraines: Does This Therapy Work?


“Migraine is one of the most common neurological conditions in the world, and it’s debilitating,” said Dr. Ibrahim

Green Light

The noninvasive nature of green light exposure makes it an ideal therapeutic candidate for other neurological conditions, such as fibromyalgia or HIV-related pain. Dr. Ibrahim and his team recently completed another clinical study in which people with fibromyalgia tried green light therapy. Like the migraine study, those results are similarly encouraging.

Clinical Study

Pharmacological management of migraines can be ineffective for some patients. Studies previously demonstrated that exposure to green light resulted in antinociception and reversal of thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity in rodent pain models. Given green light-emitting diodes' safety, they evaluated green light as a potential therapy in patients with episodic or chronic migraines.

For the study, they recruited (29 total) patients, of whom seven had episodic migraines, and 22 had chronic migraines. They used a one-way cross-over design consisting of exposure for 1–2 hours daily to the white light-emitting diodes for 10 weeks, followed by a 2-week washout period followed by exposure for 1–2 hours daily green light-emitting diodes for 10 weeks. Patients were allowed to continue current therapies and to initiate new treatments as directed by their physicians. Outcomes consisted of patient-reported surveys. The primary outcome measure was the number of headache days per month. Secondary outcome measures included patient-reported changes in the headaches' intensity and frequency over a two-week period and other quality of life measures, including the ability to fall and stay asleep and ability to perform work. Changes in pain medications were obtained to assess potential reduction.

When seven episodic migraine and 22 chronic migraine patients were analyzed as separate cohorts, white light-emitting diodes produced no significant change in headache days in either episodic migraine or chronic migraine patients. Combining data from the episodic migraine and chronic migraine groups showed that white light-emitting diodes produced a small but statistically significant reduction in headache days (days ± SEM) 18.2 ± 1.8 to 16.5 ± 2.01 days. Green light-emitting diodes resulted in a significant decrease in headache days from 7.9 ± 1.6 to 2.4 ± 1.1 and 22.3 ± 1.2 to 9.4 ± 1.6 in episodic migraine and chronic migraine patients, respectively. While some improvement in secondary outcomes was observed with white light-emitting diodes, more secondary outcomes with significantly greater magnitude, including assessments of the quality of life, Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire, Headache Impact Test-6, and Five-level version of the EuroQol five-dimensional survey without reported side effects, were observed with green light-emitting diodes. Conclusions regarding pain medications reduction with green light-emitting diode exposure were not possible. No side effects of light therapy were reported. None of the patients in the study reported initiation of new therapies.

Green light-emitting diodes significantly reduced the number of headache days in people with episodic migraines or chronic migraines. Additionally, the green light-emitting diodes significantly improved multiple secondary outcome measures, including quality of life, intensity, and headache attack duration. As no adverse events were reported, the green light-emitting diodes may provide a treatment option for those patients who prefer non-pharmacological therapies or may be considered in complementing other treatment strategies. The limitations of this study are the small number of patients evaluated. The positive data obtained support the implementation of larger clinical trials to determine the possible effects of green light-emitting diode therapy.


This study is registered with clinicaltrials.gov under NCT03677206.

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0333102420956711

Work from Home, Light Therapy Style

This past year has shaken us up, leaving many of us in new routines that we’re still adjusting to. Unless you’re an essential worker, many of us are now working from home to reduce contact with others. Though working from home was a dream for many, it’s safe to say we didn’t imagine things working from home looking like this.  

The quick transition from in-office to working from home has left many unprepared. Aside from working under stressful conditions, most people simply brought home their laptop, thinking this would be a short-term situation. But things didn’t go as planned.

A year has passed, and those same people are still working from their kitchen table. The problem? Working from home can do more harm than good when it comes to our mental and physical health. And with that, there’s an increased risk of burning out, injuring yourself from a lack of proper office equipment, and the blurred lines between one’s personal and work life. 

So how do you divide work life from home life if your home has become your workplace? 

When all these issues compile on top of each other, it’s a recipe for disaster. More people who work from home are experiencing neck and joint pain, increased screen time, poor sleep, eye strain, and heightened stress and fatigue levels. 

Naturally, most doctors will say the remedies for these symptoms is to reduce stress by working out, meditating, going into nature, taking more breaks, massaging sore muscles, or working with proper equipment. But with lockdowns and quarantines implemented, those solutions aren’t necessarily available. 

However, red light therapy is an all-in-one treatment therapy that can promote quality sleep, reduced stress, and alleviate neck and joint pain. 

But how does red light therapy work? 

Let’s take a look at how light therapy treats neck and shoulder pain.

Most treatments for neck and shoulder pain consist of physical therapy, massage, or pain relief medication. But red light therapy has proven to be a non-invasive option for significantly reducing neck and shoulder pain. 

Red light therapy works by reducing inflammation, which is usually both the cause and symptom of neck and shoulder pain. Red and infrared light penetrates through the skin, reaching the cells that produce energy (adenosine triphosphate) in the mitochondria. By increasing the function of the mitochondria, cells make more adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and begin the process of rejuvenating and repairing themselves.

When inflammation occurs in the body, red light therapy repairs those damaged cells in the muscles, tendons, and ligaments, reducing the pain felt in the neck and shoulders.

However, as we stated earlier, red light therapy isn’t only for neck and joint pain. When it comes to inflammation, it occurs everywhere in the body, including the eyes. 

When working from home, we are typically spending three more hours per day in front of our electronic devices. This has a serious impact on eyesight and overall well being. Research has shown that red light therapy treatments can help heal the eyes from injury, reduce inflammation, and protect against vision loss. 

As we spend more time in front of our devices, we experience more fatigue and reduced quality of sleep. Red light therapy helps trigger our natural circadian rhythm and promotes improved sleep, thus reducing fatigue. 

Working from home hasn’t been the dream we’ve all hoped for. In fact, it’s negatively impacted our mental and physical health. However, there’s a solution to your symptoms and it’s red light therapy. 

Kaiyan Medical manufactures MDA-certified and FDA-approved laser light therapy devices, ideal for people who are experiencing symptoms from working from home, including eye strain, fatigue, stress, and neck and shoulder pain. 




Light Therapy & C-sections

The experience of transformation from womanhood into motherhood is a privilege reserved exclusively for women. Pregnancy and childbirth are wonderful and remarkable moments of life. Giving birth to a child can be one of the most joyful experiences too. Naturally, expectant mothers spend a lot of time thinking about how they will give birth. Although most people believe that vaginal birth is the best way to deliver, sometimes a Caesarean section cannot be avoided. As well, labor pain is one of the most intense pains experienced by women, which leads to an increase in the number of women opting to undergo a cesarean delivery. Pharmacological and nonpharmacological analgesia methods are used to control labor pain. Epidural analgesia is the most commonly used pharmacological analgesia method. However, it may have side effects on the fetus and the mother. Light-emitting diode (LED) photobiomodulation is an effective and noninvasive alternative to pharmacological methods.

Caesarean section was introduced in clinical practice as a lifesaving procedure both for the mother and the baby. It is a surgical procedure in which the incision is made on the products of conception. Caesarean birth is often used as a prophylactic measure to alleviate the problems of birth, such as cephalo pelvic disproportion, failure to progress in labor or fetal distress. A major concern in maternal and child health nursing is the increasing number of caesarean birth being performed annually. In India, primary caesarean birth is about 30.2% of births. The majority of the states are within the WHO specified range of Caesarean section (5 to 15%). Among that, five states are above the range and 12 states below the specified range. Reports also say that the prevalence of Caesarean section is generally more in the southern states. After the baby is born via C-section, the result is a wound that must heal, and pain is common during this healing process.

Wound healing acceleration and pain management in women who underwent the cesarean surgery could help them to return to their normal functioning, especially to begin breastfeeding their newborns as one of the most important aspects of newborn care. Failure incomplete healing of the wound is one of the probable complications of caesarean section. Post caesarean wound infection due to delayed wound healing and pain are not only a leading cause of prolonged hospital stay but a major cause of the widespread aversion to caesarean delivery in developing countries. Management of those problems is essential to decrease infection, length of the hospital stay, pain, and help to return for normal function.

Mothers who undergo caesarean section should achieve immediate recovery than other surgical patients because of maternal and neonatal wellbeing. Several studies have investigated many approaches and protocols of wound healing and pain management in women undergoing caesarean section. Though different approaches have been introduced, these approaches are still inadequate and unsatisfactory in many patients. Thus it seems that postoperative management in this group of people is more challenging than other surgical patients. Infrared Rays have a therapeutic effect of increasing the blood supply and relieving the pain. This will increase the supply of oxygen and nutrient available to the tissues, accelerate the removal of the waste products, and bring about the resolution of inflammation. When the heat is mild, pain relief is probably due to the sedative effect on the superficial sensory nerve endings. It also helps to achieve muscular relaxation. Infrared rays also have a physiological effect on cutaneous vasodilation due to the liberation of chemical vasodilators, histamine, and similar substance, and a possible direct effects on the blood vessels. Stronger heating of infrared stimulates the superficial nerve endings. It has been noticed that pain is due to the accumulation of waste products, and because of stronger heating, the blood flow increases and removes that waste product, and the pain is relieved. In some cases, the relief of pain is probably associated with muscle relaxation. The muscle relaxes most readily when the tissue is warm. The relief of pain itself facilitates muscle relaxation. So the infrared radiation is considered a choice of Electro Therapy Modality for wound healing and pain among mothers who underwent caesarean.

References

Hopkins K (2000) Are Brazilian women really choosing to deliver by cesarean? Soc Sci Med 51:725–740

https://doi.org/10.1590%2F1806-9282.64.11.1045

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16192541

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=10594500

Red Light Therapy & Vitamin D Production


Aside from nutrition and water, we need vitamin D to survive. In fact, almost every living creature on earth needs vitamin D to survive—it’s a crucial vitamin for all species. Vitamin D helps regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body, which are responsible for the health of our muscles, bones, and teeth. 

In addition, Vitamin D fights disease, reduces depression, and aids in weight loss. When we lack vitamin D in our bodies, it can lead to a loss of bone density, which plays a significant role in osteoporosis and fractures. 

Naturally, a lot of our nutrients come from food; however, vitamin D is also produced in our skin’s response to sunlight. It wasn’t given the nickname the “sunshine vitamin” for nothing. Sitting outside (with sunscreen on, of course) can boost vitamin D levels in the body. By doing so, it can regulate moods and reduce depression. 

In one study, scientists found that people with depression who received vitamin D supplements improved their depression symptoms. While vitamin D supplements are an option, it can take between three to four months until you start to notice improvements. That’s a long time to wait, especially if you’re struggling with depression. However, there is a way to increase vitamin D production without having to wait months to improve. 

As we’ve discussed above, you don’t need sunlight for vitamin D production. You can either take vitamin D3 as a supplement, taking months to work, or through red light therapy, receiving quick results. So, how can you increase vitamin D through red light therapy? 

Before we get into it, it’s important to know that contrary to popular belief, not all forms of light can increase vitamin D in the body. The type of light used in light therapy devices is crucial. Natural sunlight contains both “red” and “infrared” light. These are the two forms of light that are needed in light therapy devices to increase vitamin D production in the body. 

Without red and infrared light, nothing is going to happen. These two forms of light have their own unique benefits to the human body. 

In one study published in Scientific Reports, it found that LED lights are more efficient than sunlight at producing vitamin D3 in skin samples. Tyler Kalajian and his team found that skin samples exposed to LED for 0.52 minutes produced more than twice as much vitamin D3 than samples exposed to 32.5 minutes of sunlight.

Another study focused on cystic fibrosis and short bowel syndrome patients who are unable to absorb vitamin D3 through food. The study used UV light to test whether it would affect vitamin D3 production in the patients’ bodies. It was found that the UV lamp emitted UV radiation similar to sunlight, producing Vitamin D3 in the skin. 

What’s amazing about these studies is that aside from showing light therapy’s effectiveness in producing vitamin D, they also prove light therapy is an excellent source of vitamin D during the winter season. 

During the winter, many people suffer from SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) and are unable to find a vitamin D source. But, through red light therapy, users are able to increase vitamin D production regardless of whether there’s sun outside or not. Instead of using antidepressants or slow-moving vitamin D supplements, red light therapy is a fast-acting alternative. 

With Kayian Medical’s MDA-certified and FDA-approved red light therapy devices, users can get their lives back and be in control of their health with effective and quick light therapy treatment.


Ophthalmologists: Light Therapy May be the Solution to Eye Strain and Declining Eyesight

As much as we're advancing in technology, we're paying the price of sight. More and more people are spending their working days in front of a desk, staring at a computer screen. 

Whether we’re at home or on the bus, we're glued to our smartphones or tablets, staying connected to the world around us. What we don't realize is that the more time we spend looking at screens, the worse our vision becomes. 

Staring at your smartphone, laptop, or tablet for too long can lead to tired, itchy, and dry eyes, eventually leading to blurred vision and headaches. There's actually a name for this; it's called Computer vision syndrome

Computer vision syndrome is described as vision-related problems resulting from prolonged usage of digital devices, including computers, smartphones, and tablets. However, other vision-related problems  stem from cataracts, prescription glasses or contact lenses, migraines, age, glaucoma, trauma, and more. 

But with the help of light therapy, it looks like there's a solution to eye strain and declining eyesight. Researchers from the University College of London published their study in the Journals of Gerontology found that red light therapy may help improve eye function through mitochondria and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) interaction.

How do the mitochondria and ATP benefit from red light? The mitochondria produce most of the chemical energy needed for all biochemical reactions within the body. The energy produced is stored as ATP, which then converts into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or to adenosine monophosphate (AMP). For the human body to stay healthy, ATP is essential for the cellular process. 

Concerning the eyes, the retina ages faster than any other in the body, according to Glen Jeffrey, lead study author and neuroscience professor at University College London's Institute of Ophthalmology. Glen adds that up to 70% of the ATP in the retinas will decline over a person's lifetime, which causes reduced eye function.  

This is where red light therapy plays an important role in improving eye function and vision. It's believed that red light therapy increases ATP production in the mitochondria, improving and restoring cellular energy, keeping your eyes healthy and functioning optimally. 

In the study, researchers tested the eye function and sensitivity of 21 participants between 28 and 72 without pre-existing eye diseases. The participants were given a small LED light, which they had to look directly into the light for three minutes a day over two weeks. The results were extremely interesting. For those under 40, they did not see any measurable differences. However, those over 40 experienced significant improvements in their ability to differentiate between colors and in sensitivity of up to 20%. 

Glen explains that red light therapy "uses simple brief exposures to light wavelengths that re-charge the energy system that has declined in the retina cells, rather like re-charging a battery." 

Though there are further studies that need to be done, this shines a light on the power of red light to restore eye function. Prior to the study above, other studies have been done in the past; however, this is the first on humans. Yet, previous studies also proved positive effects on retinal performance and damage reversal. 

The future's looking bright for those who have eye issues and want non-invasive treatments. As Glen said, “the technology is simple and very safe.” 

With Kayian Medical’s MDA-certified and FDA-approved red light therapy devices, you can provide clients with non-invasive and effective treatment to improve eye function. 

Creating Your Custom LED Mask

When we talk about skincare, we usually don’t think about customizing skincare products. The options available on the market are produced for the masses rather than for the individual. Many people with multiple skin issues struggle to find skincare products that truly speaks to their needs. However, light therapy masks can be customized to fit the individual customer’s needs.

If you’re working in the skincare industry, light therapy devices are a revolutionary step forward, as you’ll be able to provide your customers with a unique light therapy mask.

But what’s the process of creating a custom light therapy mask? Here are the six steps you need to consider when developing a customized light therapy mask.

The Six Steps to Create Your Custom Led Mask

While going through these six steps, keep your vision of your mask in mind. This will help you answer some of the questions that are going to be asked below.

What’s your Goal?

It would help if you determined your product’s goals. Who are your clients? What are their unique skincare challenges? By understanding the basics, you’ll help your company determine the right strategy when creating your customized product. Light therapy masks can be made using different LED colors for a full range of beauty treatments, including acne reduction, anti-aging treatment, and collagen production.

What Material will you Use?

You need to select the right material. Facial masks can be made from a variety of materials, each with its own advantages and versatility. There are three types of light therapy masks to consider: flexible, semi-hard, and hard.

Flexible allows users to wear it while doing their daily activities. The patented air cushions and emitting SMD LEDs are ideal for indoor and daily skincare. Semi-hard masks are for professional use and have a hard shell, while soft inside. Hard masks are powerful facial masks for professional use and come with selectable light area options. They offer a deeper light therapy experience for clients.

What Kind of Shape will your Mask be in?

Light therapy masks don’t have to come in a traditional one-size-fits-all design. Depending on your target market, you’ll be able to choose where the placement for the cheeks, forehead, and eyes will be on the mask. This gives you more control over how the mask will fit on your client’s face.

What Areas Will your Mask Treat?

A traditional mask will cover the full face. However, you may not necessarily want your mask to provide full coverage. Consider the areas of the face you’d like to treat, as you may only want to create a mask for a specific target area.

Apply for a Prototype

You’ve answered all the questions above and have a vision of how you want your mask to look. From here, we help you take your vision and use our creativity and 14 years of experience in the industry to create a mask that fits your goals.

Launch & Listen

Now that the product is created, it’s time to launch it. Before the launch, we produce pre-pilot quantities that allow us to fine-tune our devices and ensure high-quality from start to finish.

Creating a light therapy facial mask is one thing, but you want to make sure it’s achieving your goals and making your customers happy. Once your product is launched, it’s crucial to monitor product performance and listen to customer feedback.

Naturally, you don’t want your light therapy mask to be like all the others on the market. Our masks are MDA-certified and FDA-approved light therapy devices, ensuring you medical-grade quality devices for your business.


Preparing your Skin for Light Therapy

Can I Use Serum With LED Mask?

It is a question that many people have asked — Can I use the serum with LED light therapy?

Our skin is exposed to harsh environmental factors such as sun, wind, cold, and dust daily. These factors tend to attack our immune system causing it to weaken over time.

When this happens, it allows harmful viruses and bacteria to attack our body, leading to acne breakouts and other skin issues such as dark spots and wrinkles. Acne creams are one way of reducing the symptoms associated with this skin condition. However, these can be irritating to your skin, resulting in unwanted side effects such as redness, irritation, and dryness.

The same can also be said for light therapy, which can have its own side effects. Side effects of LED light therapy include itching, burning, and pain. In fact, most users had reported experiencing these side effects when they first started using LED technology. If you were to use any acne medication type, whether prescribed by your doctor or over the counter, the results would depend largely on the person using the medication.

For example, it could take anything from a few days to a few weeks for acne to clear up. Another point to remember is that while certain medications do show better results for some people, they may not work for you at all.

This is because everyone has different skin types, responds differently to treatments, and requires different times to clear away acne completely.

Some people have found success in using LED therapy with a variety of skin creams. However, there is a downside to using this method. LED light therapy does not help remove excess dead skin cells, as some acne medications do. This means that the acne cream will just be left in place and continue to produce side effects for all patients. Besides, side effects can be more severe than a single acne medication dose when used over a long time when used over a long time.

Before you try to use a serum with an LED mask, you should consult with a dermatologist who can advise you on whether or not LED light therapy is right for you. LED light therapy is safe when administered by a certified medical professional. It can be used safely, even if you have sensitive skin, as long as you choose your doctors wisely. Before any treatment is begun, the medical professional will test your skin to determine what type of acne you have. Testing will determine whether your skin is allergic to any light-emitting diodes in the device used.

The last question to answer is, “How effective is Acne treatment with LED Light?” To answer this question, you will need to look at the results you get from the treatment. If you see immediate results after the treatment, it will likely react to the device's light and not the treatment itself.

However, if you don’t see good results after a month of continuous treatment, it is important to determine why the treatment is not working. It may be that you are allergic to any of the ingredients in the product, or it may be that your skin is not receptive to the treatment.

Hydrated Face For LED Mask Results

The serum is good for hydrated face for LED Mask. It can hydrate the skin by absorbing moisture, providing a slight lift to the skin, and removing any oil or makeup that you are using. The serum also contains vitamins and antioxidants that will help fight against free radicals in your body. Free radicals are harmful agents that have been linked with causing cancer.

By fighting against these harmful agents, Serum is good for hydrated face for LED Mask. People who have used Serum have claimed that the hydrated face and LED Mask work very well together. I have also used Serum on my skin, and I must say that the results were really amazing. In fact, I would go on to say that Serum is so good for hydrated face for LED Mask that I will be using it every single night before bed.

If you don’t have much experience making skin look hydrated, this is the forum for you. Let us first examine the ingredient list of Serum.

This product's main ingredients are Hyaluronic Acid, Vitamin C, Retinol A, Alpha Hydroxy Acids, Vitamin E, DMAE, Peptides, and Glycerin, Ferulic Acid, Aloe Vera.

  • AHA kills the bacteria causing acne and helps to get rid of blackheads.
  • Sodium Laureth Sulfate helps in cleaning the skin by getting rid of dead skin cells and excess oil.
  • Salicylic Acid gets rid of pimples and acne scars, and Glycolic Acid is good in treating acne scars.

All of these ingredients are perfectly good for your hydrated face for LED Mask.

  • Now let us move on to how does Serum works to get rid of the facial puffiness.
  • When you are applying Serum on your hydrated face for LED Mask, you are putting on a layer of serum to the surface of your face.
  • As the serum gets applied, it works its way down into your skin and starts working as a moisturizer.
  • This is why this particular product is top-rated as it works as a good moisturizer without over-drying the skin.
How to Prepare Your Skin For a Red Light Therapy Session?

There are different methods used to prepare your skin, but essentially they all work in the same way: removing all the oil and dirt from the skin and then cleaning it. When I talk about cleansing, I’m talking about daily skincare maintenance products. If you want to know how to prepare your skin for a red light therapy session, this is the part that you need to read.

Most people have no idea how their skin looks like, so when they go into the doctor’s office and they've asked if they’ve had a photodynamic therapy or a laser treatment, they’re not aware of what treatment they might have received.

  • The skin absorbs red light from the sun, and in return, it produces negative ions.
  • These are similar to the particles produced by an activated oxygen generator (you know those things at the gym).
  • During photodynamic therapy, the skin cells absorb the energy from the lasers' red light, which causes the release of more negative ions, which then penetrate deeper into the skin.
  • They’re working like the “batteries” on your car — they give the batteries extra power and allow the car to run much longer.
  • If you want to learn how to prepare your skin for a red light therapy session, you must remove all the grime from your face and neck before the session.
  • Cleansing is one of the most important steps to remember in preparation.
How to Prepare Your Skin for Red Light Therapy Session by Using Non-Dry Cleanser

You might need more than just a good cleanser when trying to prepare your skin for red light therapy. Your cleanser is your friend when you are trying to remove all the dirt and excess oil from your face, but what if your cleanser is too harsh on your skin? If you have dry skin, using a cleanser containing too harsh ingredients may cause dryness, making it harder for you to remove those excess oils from your face.

When you prepare your skin for red light therapy session using the non-drying cleanser, make sure that you would be using a toner with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory ingredients to increase the collagen level the skin.

This will help keep your skin healthy and younger-looking.

Caution: Lotion and Moisturizers For LED Masks Are Not Recommended

The use of moisturizers and lotions is not recommended for LED masks because it will damage your skin. There are also cases wherein people who used such products ended up suffering from adverse effects.

The ingredients in these products may be too strong for the skin to be able to absorb.

You can prevent this by using only non-comedogenic lotions and moisturizers for LED masks.

  • This way, the product is less likely to irritate your skin. In addition to that, you can also use other types of products designed for sensitive or dry skins to use on your face during the event's preparation.
  • However, there are cases wherein people who have been using such moisturizers and lotions as part of their LED facial make-up mask ended up suffering from adverse effects.
  • In these cases, the products were not properly applied to the skin, and the amount that was applied was also insufficient.
  • Because the skin did not get sufficient moisture, the cells underneath the skin's surface could not repair themselves properly.
  • This will result in damaged skin, which will cause more breakouts than before.

Aside from lotion and moisturizers, it would help if you also stayed away from mineral oil, alcohol, and preservatives. These ingredients are not good for your skin, as they can cause dryness and irritation. It would help if you also stayed away from using creams and lotions with fragrance, which can only irritate your skin even more. Instead, look for serums.

If you want to have a glowing complexion without enduring any adverse effects, use a good quality face serum.

Prepare Your Skin For Red Light Therapy by Removing Sunscreen

You probably have heard that it is unsafe to use the sun’s UV rays at home, especially if you use a tanning lotion or a self-tanning lotion. But did you know that it is also not safe to use self-tanning products like tan accelerators and sunless tanning pills to prepare your skin for red light therapy sessions?

This defeats the purpose of using red light therapy, and you must remove sunscreen so that your face and skin are completely ready to receive the red light therapy. This is because self-tanning products contain ingredients that can affect the skin in adverse ways and block the beneficial deep penetrating infrared wavelength from 650nm to 850nm.

How to Prepare Your Skin For Red Light Therapy by Removing Makeup

If you have chosen to have laser acne treatment and you are wondering how to prepare your skin for the red light therapy, you will want to take a moment to learn how red light therapy works before getting started.

Before your session begins, you will be given a short amount of time to get ready for the procedure. This is because your skin needs to be very clean and free of any makeup. Your skin needs to be completely dry before the procedure can begin.

If there is any moisturizer on your skin when you arrive for your appointment, you will have to remove it before your treatment.

Your doctor will ask you several questions about your skin during your appointment, including what type of skin you have and whether or not you have any allergies. During this time, they will also determine if you are a good candidate for the procedure. If you are cleared for the procedure, your skin will be exposed to an intense red light level. This is one of the most effective ways to get rid of acne, and it can also help prevent scars and aging from occurring on your face.

The amount of time that it takes to get your skin prepared for red light therapy varies. In most cases, it is normal to have it take from fifteen to thirty minutes to prepare your skin for the procedure. You may have to remove any makeup at this time as well.

How to Prepare Your Skin For Red Light Therapy by Exfoliating?

When a patient is getting a therapy session done, they will be required to go to the spa or beauty clinic to be given a facial.

A therapist will then start by cleaning the face thoroughly. After the initial cleaning process, the therapist will apply a chemical that will help exfoliate the skin.

This process can irritate the skin, so it is important to prepare your skin before undergoing this procedure. Some common preparations that people use include salicylic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, retinoids, glycolic acid, and other peel-type products.

The exfoliating procedure aims to help the skin cells shed off dead skin cells and replace them with new cells.

This is why it is important to remove all traces of dead skin cells from your face before undergoing the procedure.

It may seem odd at first, but if you want to get the best results from the procedure, you need to gently exfoliate your skin.

Prepare Your Skin For Red Light Therapy With Moisturizers

When you prepare your skin for red light therapy, you are basically preparing to expose the blue spectrum laser's high intensity and the eventual dry out of the epidermis. The skin must be prepared using a good cream containing Reductase or Salicylic Acid, or by exfoliating the skin using a scrub.

After the procedure, you will need to have topical products applied to your skin to prevent the skin from cracking and peeling. This will also help improve your appearance and prevent future scarring. Removing moisturizers before the therapy can be helpful. This is because the skin’s cells will still be in a dormant state when you receive the treatment; therefore, your skin is not at risk for the dryness associated with moisturizers.

This will also improve your skin's look, especially for those who have undergone this procedure many times. However, you must be youthful if e to remove moisturizers in preparation for the session, as some creams may cause excessive dryness and irritation. Once you are prepared for the session, you can expect the doctor to start the red light therapy by generating a small amount of blue light on your skin's top layer.

The light then travels through the skin, reaching the deepest layers where most of the damage occurs. When the blue light is emitted, it is believed that the cells below the surface of the skin begin to absorb the red light, helping to repair the skin. The increased circulation and nutrient absorption help to rejuvenate your skin, leaving it looking younger and healthier than ever before.


Can Red Light Help Supplement a Keto Weight-loss Diet?

Weight loss is something that many people struggle with, and our modern day lifestyles can make it challenging to prioritize healthy eating and movement. We’re living fast lives, often resorting to highly-processed foods, and skipping out on exercising, all of which are the main contributors to weight gain. 

In 2020, the obesity rate in the U.S. was 42.4%. Though it’s often overlooked, people with a high BMI are at very high risk for cardiovascular diseases, hormonal issues, diabetes, cancer, and musculoskeletal disorders. 

However, in recent years, there’s been a shift in people’s mentalities. Yes, many are still opting for meal replacements and weight loss surgeries; however, others are focusing on eating clean and eliminating preservatives from their diet. Instead of doing quick diet fads, many are trying to change their lifestyle, even turning to alternative eating methods such as the ketogenic diet – a low-carb, high- fat diet that shares similarities to the Atkins diet. Essentially, you eat fewer carbs and replace them with fat. By doing this, the body goes into a state of ketosis, enabling the fat from your diet and body to be burned into energy. 

However, the keto diet does more than just help people lose weight. It reduces blood sugar and insulin levels, sleep disorders, seizures, and other brain disorders. It’s clear that the keto diet does have health benefits aside from weight loss. This diet alone has changed the lives of millions of people around the world. But wait...what does this all have to do with red light therapy? 

Before we talk about red light therapy working alongside keto, it’s crucial to understand the importance of natural light to the human body. Our bodies respond to light the same way it does to carbs, proteins, and fats. Our bodies are built to function with an optimal amount of natural light so that our cells can produce energy

We need light like we need fruits and vegetables. Similar to when we eat junk food, if we’re exposed to an abundance of artificial light, our bodies don’t function optimally. However, we’re spending more time inside than ever, meaning we’re not getting enough natural light. Simply put: it isn’t good for our bodies and minds.

So how do the two work together? If you’re on the keto diet, your body will go into a state of ketosis, which promotes increased weight loss, specifically in the abdominal area. When the body is able to burn fat efficiently, the body works better—this the same goes for red light therapy. 

Red light therapy strengthens the mitochondria inside our cells. The mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cells where energy is created. By improving the function of the mitochondria, a cell produces more ATP (adenosine triphosphate). With an increase in energy, the cells function optimally and are able to regenerate at a faster pace. 

Keto and red light therapy work to naturally enhance our body’s functionality as both operate to enhance the mitochondria. Keto works to burn fatty acids and ketones instead of glucose. With red light therapy, it decreases oxidative stress that slows energy systems. When using red light therapy during a keto diet, your cells are able to work efficiently as both increase energy, physical performance, and weight loss

But red light therapy does more than just enhance your body’s energy and physical performance. Red light therapy improves sleeping patterns by adjusting your circadian rhythm and helping the brain produce natural melatonin. Developing a regular sleep pattern on top of losing weight will only help improve your weight loss journey, as well as balance your hormones. Red light therapy also reduces inflammation and joint pain, which helps the overall weight loss experience. 


If you’re on the keto diet or considering giving it a try, consider easing into the process by supplementing with Lunas’ MDA and FDA-approved red light therapy devices to help aid your weight loss journey.

Laser Acupuncture Treatment?

Acupuncture under traditional Chinese medicine is an alternative medicine that treats patients by needle insertion and manipulation at acupoints (APS) in the body. Acupuncture causes collagen fiber contraction, resulting in soluble actin polymerization and actin stress fiber formation, affecting the nervous and immune systems. Besides, acupuncture leads to molecular changes at APs in tissues at the cellular level. The local physicochemical reactions at the APs send signals to the organs via the tissue fluid and blood circulatory systems for optimal adjustment of the body’s organs.

It is believed to have been practiced for more than 2500 years, and this modality is among the oldest healing practices in the world. Acupuncture is based on the idea that living beings have Qi, defined as inner energy, and that it is an imbalance in Qi or interruption in the flow of Qi that causes illness and disease. Acupuncture therapy is focused on rebalancing the flow of Qi, and the practice is progressively gaining credibility as a primary or adjuvant therapy by Western medical providers.

Laser Acupuncture

Kaiyan Medical has been working to create ergonomic laser pens to simulate the acupuncture process. Laser acupuncture (LA) — non-thermal, low-intensity laser irradiation to stimulate acupuncture points — has become more common among acupuncture practitioners in recent years. LA is a safer, pain-free alternative to traditional acupuncture, with minimal adverse effects and greater versatility. LA has many features that make it an attractive option as a treatment modality, including minimal sensation, short duration of treatment, and minimal risks of infection, trauma, and bleeding complications.

What is the Difference

In acupuncture, needles are inserted at specific acupoints, which may be manually stimulated in various ways, including gentle twisting or up-and-down movements. Besides, the depth of needle penetration is also manipulated by the acupuncture practitioner. The patient may report sensations of De Qi, which are feelings of pressure, warmth, or tingling in the superficial layers of the skin. Many theories to explain how acupuncture works have been proposed, including the gate-control theory of pain and the endorphin-and-neurotransmitter. Others have postulated that acupuncture modulates the transmission of pain signals and alters the release of endogenous endorphins and neurotransmitters, resulting in physiologic changes.

One clear difference between needle acupuncture and LA is that LA does not physically penetrate the skin. Despite a greater understanding of LA, it is unclear how non-thermal, low-intensity laser irradiation stimulates acupoints. The mechanism of LA may be entirely separate from our present understanding of acupuncture. Current theories postulate that LLLT could positively affect modulating inflammation, pain, and tissue repair, given appropriate irradiation parameters.

Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Lasers

Inflammation reduction comparable to that of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been reported with animal studies that used red and near-infrared LLLT, with laser outputs ranging from 2.5 to 100 mW and delivered energy doses ranging from 0.6 to 9.6 Joules. Human studies have shown similar anti-inflammatory effects with LLLT, which may account for many associated positive clinical results.

Cellular Effects of LLLT

LLLT improves cell physiology by increasing the overall cell redox potential toward greater oxidation and increased reactive oxygen species while simultaneously decreasing reactive nitrogen species. These redox state changes activate numerous intracellular-signaling pathways, including nucleic acid synthesis, protein synthesis, enzyme activation, and cell cycle progression.17 LLLT also alters the expression of genes that can enhance cell growth and inhibit cell apoptosis.16 These cellular effects of LLLT might reflect its ability to induce long-term changes in cells and LLLT’s benefits for wound healing, nerve regeneration, and inflammation reduction.

LLLT Characteristics

Red and infrared laser wavelengths are absorbed by cytochrome C oxidase protein in the mitochondrial cell membranes. This absorption is associated with increased adenosine triphosphate production by the mitochondria, which. In turn, it increases intracellular calcium (Ca2+) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate, which serve as secondary messengers that aid in regulating multiple body processes, including signal transfer in nerves and gene expression.

The power density of a laser, defined as laser energy supplied per area (W/cm2), influences its energy penetration depth. A 50-mW laser with a beam size of 1 cm2 has an energy density of 0.05 W/cm2. In contrast, the same power laser with a beam size of 1 mm2 has an energy density of 5 W/cm2 — a higher energy density results in deeper energy penetration through the skin.

Energy transmission through the skin is also affected by the absorption of light energy by skin structures. Light wavelengths from 650 to 900 nm have the best penetration through the skin. Lower wavelengths are absorbed by melanin and hemoglobin, and wavelengths longer than 900 nm are absorbed by water. With a well-focused laser beam, red wavelengths (~ 648 nm) can penetrate 2–4 cm beneath the skin surface, and infrared wavelengths (~ 810 nm) can penetrate up to 6 cm.

Now Kaiyan has made LLLT easier to use. Kaiyan medical devices can treat multiple acupoints simultaneously at the same time.


Red Light Therapy and Sun Damage

When summer rolls around, we all head outside, absorbing as many rays as we can. And the proof is in the numbers, with the top five summertime activities being barbeques, going to the beach, attending festivals, going for a hike, and exploring nature. When the sun comes out, people flock to the outdoors with good reason. We need the sun’s rays to survive.

However, many of us go a little overboard. Some lather on tanning oil or skip sunscreen to make sure we receive as much pigmentation as possible. And yes, we need vitamin D, but overexposure leads to sun damage, including sunspots and wrinkles.

However, it doesn’t end there. Neglectful sun exposure can also lead to skin cancer. While the damage has already been done from years of sunbathing and tanning oils, there are ways we can repair sun-damaged skin, reduce wrinkles and sunspots.

It can help repair the sun damage done to our skin and turn back the clock with red light therapy.

What is Sun Damage?

In the end, skin damage comes from overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. When we sunbathe, our skin naturally responds to the sun by protecting itself from UV light. What does our body do? Well, it produces melanin, which darkens the skin to reflect the UV light. So your summer tan is actually a defense mechanism. There are a few different types of sun damage to be aware of:

Melasma: It’s an overproduction of melanin that causes brown or gray patches to form on the skin.

Wrinkles: UV light breaks down the collagen and elastin in the skin, losing its firmness and causing wrinkles.

Sunburn: Sunburns are an inflammatory reaction to UV radiation damage to the skin. The body responds by repairing or removing the damaged cells, which results in redness and peeling.

Sun Spots: Overexposure to UV rays causes an increase of melanin production that builds up in clusters, producing dark spots on the skin.

Actinic Keratosis (AK): Causes a scaly patch of skin on the body from overexposure to UV light. This is particularly dangerous as around 10% of actinic keratosis becomes cancerous.

How Red Light Therapy Reverses Sun Damage

If you’re wondering whether sun damage is reversible or not, the answer is yes. Red light therapy uses infrared and red light to enhance the body’s healing process. Red light therapy increases the body’s collagen, elastin, and immune response; it can remove and repair dead or damaged skin cells.

By increasing collagen production, it’ll help smooth and firm the skin, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Besides, red light therapy also protects existing collagen, which helps keep the skin’s elasticity.

However, red light therapy doesn’t only reduce fine lines and wrinkles. It can also help with more serious skin conditions such as actinic keratosis. It can aid in removing actinic keratosis spots from the skin with photosensitizing medication and red light therapy.

Sun damage is the main cause of aging skin and can lead to serious health issues. Naturally, some sun damage forms cannot be treated, especially for those who work consistently outdoors. However, tackling sunspots, wrinkles, sunburns, and actinic keratosis is achievable through red light therapy treatment.

It’s important to point out that while red light therapy does reverse sun damage, it can prevent future damage — but you should always wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen when outdoors and reapply after swimming or sweating.

Reversing past mistakes are possible with light therapy, but we also want to look at the future. Luna’s red light therapy will tackle previous sun damage and rejuvenate the skin, while sunscreen will prevent future damage.

We hope you continue to enjoy the sun’s incredible rays safely while enjoying the incredible skincare results of Lunas light panels.

Light & Food Preservation

Consumers demand high-quality processed foods with minimal changes in nutritional and sensory properties. Nonthermal methods are considered to keep food quality attributes better than traditional thermal processing. Pulsed light (PL) is an emerging non-thermal technology for decontamination of food surfaces and food packages, consisting of short time high-peak pulses of broad-spectrum white light. It is considered an alternative to continuous ultraviolet light treatments for solid and liquid foods. This paper provides a general review of the principles, mechanisms of microbial inactivation, and PL treatments applications on foods. Critical process parameters that are needed to be optimized for better efficiency of PL treatments are also discussed. PL has considerable potential to be implemented in the food industry. However, technological problems need to be solved to avoid food overheating and achieve better penetration and treatment homogeneity. Besides, more extensive research is needed to understand how PL affects quality food attributes.

Nonthermal technologies

Nonthermal technologies are being applied in food processing as a viable alternative to thermal processing. Traditionally, most foods are thermally processed by subjecting them to temperatures between 60 °C for a few minutes and 100 °C for a few seconds. During this period, a large amount of energy is transferred to the food, which may trigger reactions that lead to undesirable changes or by-products formation. During nonthermal processing, food temperature is held below that achieved in thermal treatments. Thus, vitamins, essential nutrients, and flavors are expected to undergo minimal or no changes.

Pulsed light (PL) is used for the rapid inactivation of microorganisms on food surfaces, equipment, and food packaging materials. The terms high-intensity broad spectrum pulsed light and pulsed white light are synonymous with PL.

Inert-gas flash lamps generate intense and short pulses of ultraviolet (UV) light for microbial inactivation started during the late 1970s in Japan. In 1988, extensive experimentation carried out by PurePulse Technologies Inc. provided a pulsed light process called PureBright® to sterilize pharmaceuticals, medical devices, packaging, and water. The process's efficacy was tested against a broad range of microorganisms, including bacteria (vegetative cells and spores), fungi, viruses, and protozoa. However, the food industry adopted the technology only in 1996, when the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of PL technology for the production, processing, and handling of foods.

Description of PL

PL involves the use of intense pulses of short duration and a broad spectrum to ensure microbial inactivation on the surface of either foods or packaging materials. Electromagnetic energy is accumulated in a capacitor during fractions of a second and then released in the form of light within a short time (nanoseconds to milliseconds), resulting in an amplification of power a minimum of additional energy consumption (Dunn et al. 1995). Typically, the equipment used to produce PL comprises one or more adjustable xenon lamp units, a power unit, and a high-voltage connection that allows the transfer of a high current electrical pulse. As the current passes through the lamp unit's gas chamber, a short, intense burst of light is emitted. The light produced by the lamp includes broad-spectrum wavelengths from UV to near-infrared. The wavelength distribution ranges from 100 to 1,100 nm: UV (100–400 nm), visible light (400–700 nm), and infrared (700–1,100 nm). Pulses of light used for food processing applications typically emit 1 to 20 flashes per second at an energy density in the range of about 0.01 to 50 J cm−2 at the surface (Barbosa-Canovas et al. 1998).

Liquid Foods

Many fluids, such as water, have a high degree of transparency to a broad range of wavelengths, including visible and UV light. Other liquids, such as sugar solutions and wines, exhibit more limited transparency. Increasing the number of solids will diminish the intensity of UV radiation's penetration. In an aqueous solution, the lower the transparency, the less effective the PL treatment. Liquids with high UV absorbance must be treated as a thin layer to reduce the liquid's radiation absorption. In this manner, the liquid's UV absorption is low, and bacteria are more likely to be subjected to lethal doses. The absorbance of clarified fresh juices and juices containing pulp varies considerably. Clarified apple juice has a low absorbance, with absorption coefficients about 11 cm−1, whereas absorbance of orange juice can achieve values close to 50 cm−1. A positive correlation between vitamin C content and the absorption coefficient of clear apple juices was observed.

Conclusions

PL is a novel non-thermal technology to inactivate pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms on foods. The significant microbial reductions in short treatment times, the limited energy cost of PL, the lack of residual compounds, and its great flexibility are some of the technique's major benefits. This method is clearly efficient in inactivating microorganisms in vitro, but its potential for real foods is still under investigation. Further studies need to be conducted to assess PL treatments' effects on food properties beyond safety and spoilage. There is a need for optimizing the critical process factors to achieve the target inactivation level for specific food applications without affecting quality. PL equipment with good penetration and short treatment times need to be designed for commercial purposes. Also, the applicability of PL treatments on an industrial scale needs to be compared with other nonthermal or conventional thermal processes.

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Lighting the Way Back for Astronauts - Light Therapy & NASA

In 1993, Quantum Devices, Inc. (QDI), of Barneveld, Wisconsin, began developing the HEALS (High Emissivity Aluminiferous Light-emitting Substrate) technology high-intensity, solid-state LED lighting systems for NASA Space Shuttle plant growth experiments. The company evolved out of cooperative efforts with the Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics (WCSAR) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison — a NASA center for the Commercial Development of Space. Ronald W. Ignatius, QDI’s president, and chairman represented one of WCSAR’s industrial partners at the time. WCSAR was conducting research on light sources for promoting food growth within closed environments where humans would be present for a long duration, such as the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station.

With the support of WCSAR, Ignatius experimented with LEDs, which provide high-energy efficiency and virtually no heat, despite releasing waves of light 10 times brighter than the Sun. Ignatius admits that some scientists involved in the project were skeptical at first, thinking that the idea of using LEDs to promote plant growth was far-fetched. However, the experiments demonstrated that red LED wavelengths could boost the energy metabolism of cells to advance plant growth and photosynthesis. This finding prompted Ignatius to develop a line of LED products that emit the exact wavelength of light that plants use in photosynthesis.

“Our company gives credit to Dr. Ray Bula, the director of WCSAR, for having the foresight to go against the prevailing dogma of the time and design the first plant experiment using monochromatic light to grow lettuce plants,” Ignatius proclaims.

In 1989, Ignatius formed QDI to bring the salt grain-sized LEDs to market. In October 1995, the light sources made their Space Shuttle flight debut on the second U.S. Microgravity Laboratory Spacelab mission (STS-73, Columbia).

Growing

When NASA determined that red LEDs could grow plants in space, Marshall Space Flight Center awarded QDI several Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contracts to investigate the broad-spectrum diodes' effectiveness in medical applications. The contracts, issued from 1995 to 1998, focused on increasing energy inside human cells. NASA hoped that the LEDs would yield medical benefits on Earth and stem bone and muscle mass loss in astronauts, which occurs during long periods of weightlessness. (In space, the lack of gravity keeps human cells from growing naturally.) Furthermore, since wounds are slow to heal in a microgravity environment, LED therapy could accelerate healing and keep what would be termed as minor wounds on Earth from becoming mission-catastrophic in space.

In addition to promoting cell growth, the red LEDs are capable of activating light-sensitive, tumor-treating drugs that, when injected intravenously, could destroy cancer cells while leaving surrounding tissue virtually untouched. The technique, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in laboratory and human trials, is known as Photodynamic Therapy.

With the SBIR assistance from NASA, QDI set out to alter a surgical probe that could emit long waves of red light to stimulate a Benzoporphyrin-derivative drug called Photofrin, which delivers fewer post-operative side effects than comparable drugs. Ignatius also developed a friendly and successful working relationship with Dr. Harry Whelan, pediatric neurology and director of hyperbaric medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. The two had met after Ignatius came across a newspaper article highlighting Whelan’s ground-breaking brain cancer surgery technique, which uses drugs stimulated by laser lights to accelerate healing. Accordingly, QDI provided more than $1.25 million from its SBIR contracts to support Whelan’s pioneering photobiomodulation research and bring him on board to help improve the surgical probe.

Collectively, Ignatius, Whelan, and researchers from NASA successfully altered the probe for pediatric brain tumors and the prevention of oral mucositis (a common side effect of chemotherapy and radiation treatments) in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients at the Medical College of Wisconsin. In May 1998, a 20-year-old female became the first patient to undergo surgery with the modified probe. The young woman had endured six brain surgeries and chemotherapy and radiation treatments over a span of 10 years, but her aggressive cancer kept coming back. Having exhausted all of her conventional treatment options, she turned to the NASA-sponsored Photodynamic Therapy technology.

During the procedure, surgeons excised as much of the recurring brain tumor as they could then injected the light-activated Photofrin into her bloodstream and inserted the LED probe into the remaining tumor tissue. The probe, which casts long wavelengths that generate less heat and penetrate deeper into tissue than the shorter wavelengths of traditional medical lasers, proved to be both safe and effective, as the tumor never returned, and the patient recovered with no complications. A second operation that took place 3 months later on a male patient was also deemed successful by Whelan and his Medical College of Wisconsin surgeons' team.

FDA-approved clinical trials continued at several other facilities over the next 3 years, including the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York; Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center in Chicago; and the Instituto de Oncologia Pediatrica in Sao Paulo, Brazil. QDI became recognized as a U.S. Space Foundation “Space Technology Hall of Fame” award recipient in 2000 and a Marshall Space Flight Center “Hallmark of Success” in 2004.

Product Outcome

The positive clinical trial results and continued support from NASA and follow-on research grants from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency helped QDI and the Medical College of Wisconsin fully transition space technology into a new, non-invasive medical device. The WARP 10 (Warfighter Accelerated Recovery by Photobiomodulation) is a high-intensity, hand-held, portable LED unit intended for the temporary relief of minor muscle and joint pain, arthritis, stiffness, and muscle spasms. It also promotes the relaxation of muscle tissue and increases local blood circulation. Unlike the surgical probe, the WARP 10 does not require intravenous medicine; instead, the unit can be placed directly on the skin where treatment is to occur.

The WARP 10 was designed to aid armed forces personnel on the front lines with immediate first aid care for minor injuries and pain, thereby improving combat endurance. The “soldier self-care” device produces 80 times more photon energy than a 250-Watt heat lamp, yet it remains cool to the touch. The power advantage reduces the time required for each therapeutic dose and provides for faster multi-dose exposures when needed, without the harmful effects of ultraviolet solar radiation. The U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Navy are currently issuing WARP 10 to crews on submarines and Special Forces operations.

QDI has introduced an FDA-approved consumer version sharing the same power and properties of the military model as an alternative to the cost and complications associated with the overuse of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for persistent pain relief. According to a Mayo Clinic study, adverse events associated with the use of NSAIDs are reported more frequently to the FDA than such events associated with any other group of drugs. Furthermore, conservative calculations for the United States estimate that approximately 107,000 patients are hospitalized each year for NSAID-related gastrointestinal complications. At least 16,500 NSAID-related deaths occur annually among arthritis patients alone, according to compiled research.

References

Beauvoit B., Evans S.M., Jenkins T.W., Miller E.E., Chance B., “Contribution of the Mitochondrial Compartment to the OpticalProperties of the Rat Liver: A Theoretical and Practical Approach,” Analytical Biochemistry 226, 167-174 (1995).Beauvoit B., Kitai T., Chance B., “Correlation between the Light Scattering and the Mitochondrial Content of Normal Tissues andTransplantable Rodent Tumors,” Biophysical Journal 67, 2501-25 10 (1994).Chance B., Nioka S., Kent J., McCully K., Fountain M., Greenfield R., Holtom G., “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Hemoglobin andMyoglobin in Resting and Ischemic Muscle,” Analytical Biochemistry 174, 698-707 (1988)Conlan M.J., Rapley J.W., Cobb C.M., “Biostimulation of wound healing by low-energy laser irradiation,” J.Clin. Periodont. 23, 492-496 (1996).Eggert H.R., Blazek V., “Optical Properties of Normal Human Brain Tissues In The Spectral Range of 400 to 2500 nm,” Advances inExperimental Medicine & Biology 333, 47-55 (1993).Karu T., “Photochemical Effects Upon the Cornea, Skin and Other Tissues (Photobiology Of Low-Power Laser Effects,” HlthPhysics 56, 69 1-704 (1989).Lubart R., Friedman H., Sinyakov M., Cohen N., Breitbart H., “Changes in Calcium Transport in Mammalian Sperm Mitochondriaand Plasma Membranes Caused by 780 nm Irradiation,” Lasers in Surg & Med 21, 493-499 (1997).Lubart R., Wollman Y., Friedman H., Rochkind S. Laulicht L., “Effects of visible and near-infrared lasers on cell cultures,” Journalof Photochemistry & Photobiology 12(3), 305-3 10 (1992).Salansky N., “Low energy photon therapy for wound healing.” Intnl Med Instr, Canadian Defense Ministry, PersonalCommunication. (1998).Schmidt M.H., Bajic D.M., Reichert K.W. II, Martin T.S., Meyer G.A., Whelan H.T., “Light –emitting diodes as a light source forintra-operative photodynamic therapy.” Neurosurg 38(3), 552-556 (1996).Schmidt M.H., Reichert K.W. II, Ozker K., Meyer G.A., Donohoe D.L., Bajic D.M., Whelan N. T., Whelan H. T., “PreclinicalEvaluation of Benzoporphyrin Derivative Combined with a Light-Emitting Diode Array for Photodynamic Therapy ofBrain Tumors.” Pediatr Neurosurg 30, 225-231 (1999).Whelan H.T., Schmidt M.H., Segura A.D., McAuliffe T.L., Bajic D.M., Murray K.J., Moulder J.E., Strother D.R., Thomas J.P., MeyerG.A., “The role of photodynamic therapy in posterior fossa brain tumors: A pre-clinical study in a canine glioma model.”Journal of Neurosurgery 79(4), 562-8 (1993).5Whelan H.T., Houle J.M., Donohoe D.L., Bajic D.M., Schmidt M.H., Reichert K.W., Weyenberg G.T., Larson D.L., Meyer G.A.,Caviness J.A., “Medical Applications of Space Light-Emitting Diode Technology—Space Station and Beyond.” SpaceTech. & App Int’l Forum 458, 3-15 (1999).Yu W., Naim J.O., Lanzafame R.J., “The Effect Of Laser Irradiation On The Release Of bFGF From 3T3 Fibroblasts.”Photochemistry & Photobiology 59, 167-70 (1994).

How Red Light Therapy Combats Arthritis Pain & Stiffness

When it comes to muscle and joint stiffness, osteoarthritis, and arthritis, the one thing in common is pain and inflammation. When suffering from joint and muscular conditions, a person’s range of motion decreases, and swelling and skin redness increase, making everyday tasks a struggle.

Many young to middle-aged people are unaware of these conditions as they’ve been labeled as conditions mainly for the elderly; however, things have changed.

Though these conditions are common within the elderly community, we’re seeing an increase among young adults. In the United States alone, 23% of adults — over 53 million people — have arthritis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In other words, joint pain isn’t just for old age, as we once thought.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) appears in every 8 in 100,000 people between 18 and 34 years old. Of course, no one — young or old — wants to wake up feeling joint stiffness, swelling, or pain every morning.

However, the old myth that arthritis is untreatable is about to be debunked with light therapy.

Naturally, a medical professional will have to make a conclusive arthritis diagnosis. However, once diagnosed, many people find home treatments to deal with the pain — like light therapy. And the people who are undergoing light therapy are receiving incredible pain relief from their treatment. For example, a study published in the Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation found that infrared light treatment on inflammatory arthritis of the spine (spondylitis) encouraged increased function and improved quality of life for participants.

But what’s the science behind red light therapy treating joint conditions? Red light therapy uses low levels of red light to stimulate a natural response to cell performance. The light penetrates through the layers of the dermis, entering the muscles and nerves. As the cells absorb the energy, they become more active, with increased blood flow to the treated area, promoting cell regrowth and regeneration. Through this combination of increased blood flow and cellular activity, it rapidly reduces inflammation and pain.

With the recent advancements in modern technology, those who have arthritis or other joint conditions no longer need to opt for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids. These forms of the medication come with serious side effects such as edema, heartburn, stomach ulcers, cataracts, bone loss, and elevated blood clots. This alternative non-invasive treatment allows people to choose a drug-free treatment that reduces swelling, inflammation, and pain through red light therapy.

A study published in the National Library of Medicine found that elderly patients who underwent red and infrared therapy treatment had reduced their pain by 50%. Besides, they found participants who underwent red and infrared light therapy had a significant improvement in function. Another study from 2016 saw a substantial reduction in pain and an increased range of motion after five to seven red light therapy treatments for Bouchard’s and Heberden’s osteoarthritis. These studies are only a few examples of how red light therapy shows results as an effective treatment.

A little red light can go a long way for your body, mind, and soul. More and more people recognize the benefits of red light therapy as a natural home treatment. For people suffering from any joint condition, red light therapy will reduce inflammation, eliminating joint and muscle pain.

But there’s more to red light therapy than this. It’s important to be reminded that light therapy also heals other ailments in the body. Red light therapy is effective for injuries, muscle recovery, cancer side effects, skincare, and depression.

With an FDA-approved and MDA-certified Lunas red light therapy device, users can achieve optimal therapeutic results by merely exposing their bare skin to the light for a few minutes per day. Healing yourself doesn’t need a lot of time or money; you need the right tools. Lunas light therapy devices have the power to heal bodies and minds all around the world.

Light and the Moon

The moon shines because its surface reflects light from the sun. And even though it sometimes seems to shine very brightly, the moon reflects only between 3 and 12 percent of the sunlight that hits it.

The moon’s perceived brightness from Earth depends on where the moon is in its orbit around the planet. The moon travels once around Earth every 29.5 days, and during its journey, it’s lit from varying angles by the sun.

This moon’s movement around the Earth — and the simultaneous orbiting of Earth around the sun — account for the moon’s different phases (full moon, quarter moon, etc.). At any given point in the moon’s trajectory around the Earth, only half of its surface is facing the sun, and therefore, only half of the moon is lit up. The other half of the surface faces away from the sun and is in shadow.

Now, I took my first moonlight photograph in 1998, using my father’s old Kodak camera. The results were almost invisible, of course. It was pretty clear that I had no idea what I was doing. But I did know that the feeling of being out under the stars was one that I needed to capture somehow, and I had to find a way to go about doing it.

I left the moonlight photography for a while. Some years later, I read that the brightness of moonlight is extremely variable over a range of many stops and that it was nearly impossible to figure out the brightness of a given scene was going to be ahead of time. The brightness of moonlight under clear skies is as easily predictable as is the brightness of sunlight under similar conditions.

Several things cause moonlight brightness to vary. The most obvious is the moon’s phase. The brightness of moonlight varies by approximately a factor of 10 between the quarter phase and full moon, based on a diffuse reflection and the geometry of the positions of the earth, sun, and moon alone. This is about three and a half stops of light, which is substantial. Another factor is the distance between the earth, moon, and sun, which changes due to the earth and lunar orbits not being perfect circles. The distance from the earth to the sun varies from 0.9833 Astronomical Units at perihelion to 1.0167 Astronomical Units at aphelion. The earth’s distance to the moon varies from 356,400 kilometers at extreme perigee to 407000 kilometers at extreme apogee. The amount of light that falls on a body varies with the inverse square of the distance from the light source, so the combined effect of these distance variations can be quite pronounced. The range of lunar illumination variation is 6.9% for variation in sun distance and 30% for moon distance variation. This amounts to about one-third stop of brightness, which enough to change the mood of a photo when slide films are used.

The third factor in moonlight brightness is the so-called opposition effect. The surface of the moon is covered with small glassy particles that can serve as wonderful retro-reflectors. If you are within a small angle to the line between the sun and moon, the amount of light coming from the moon increases dramatically relative to what you would expect from a diffuse reflection alone. There is quite a range in the magnitude of this effect presented in scientific literature, ranging from a factor of 1.35 to 20! Whatever value you choose to use, the effect is at least one-third stop of light, making it significant to use slide film.

The final parameter that introduces variation into moonlight brightness is atmospheric attenuation, or atmospheric extinction, to use astronomer’s jargon. This accounts for the amount of light absorbed or scattered when light from the moon passes through the earth’s atmosphere. There are two factors involved: the amount of reduction per a given amount of air transited by the light (the “extinction coefficient”) and the amount of air in the light path (“air mass”). Three principal phenomena contribute to the extinction coefficient: molecular absorption, molecular (Rayleigh) scattering, and aerosols’ scattering (particles larger than molecules). See my web page on atmospheric attenuation for more on these individual factors. Overall, an extinction coefficient value is small for dry, clear air but can be huge for moist, dusty air. And the amount of air the light passes through can vary from one “air mass” with the moon directly above you to forty “air masses” when the moon is on the horizon.

So how bright can moonlight be? The brightest moonlight occurs with the moon at perigee and the earth at perihelion, right at the full moon phase. You can never have the moon at its theoretically fullest phase, right opposite the earth from the sun, because whenever the moon goes there, it enters the earth’s shadow, and we get a lunar eclipse! But assuming the eclipse didn’t happen, we could assume the following: a phase angle of zero, apparent air with an “extinction coefficient” of 0.11 magnitudes per air mass, the moon on the zenith so that the moonlight passes through a single “air mass,” the brightness would be 0.0462-foot-candles (LV -2.0), neglecting “the opposition effect.” If we include “the opposition effect,” the brightness could be anywhere from 35% to 20 times brighter (note that 35% is the more accepted value in the scientific literature, which would give an LV of -1.7). I once measured moonlight brightness with a Gossen Luna-Pro incident light meter in mid-winter on the Kelso Dunes at LV=-2.2, so this is a believable result.

There is a rule of thumb, sometimes called the Looney 11 Rule, which says we should treat the moon as being 250,000 times dimmer than the sun. This would have us use a shutter speed 18 stops slower than the 1/(film speed) value that is used in the “Sunny 16 Rule”, which works out to about 44 minutes at f/16 under moonlight conditions with the film having an ISO speed rating of 100 (uncorrected for reciprocity failure!). This is close enough to be useful under full moonlight conditions given an average earth-moon and earth-sun distance, with the moon high in the sky and clear air. Actually, since the sun has an astronomical visual magnitude of -26.74 and the full moon an astronomical visual magnitude of -12.73, the sun is more like 402,000 times brighter than the moon 18.6 stops. Thus using this rule pretty much ensures a minimum of 2/3 stop underexposure — which may actually be fine, since most of the time you want an underexposure to give the impression of the night in the image.

Surprisingly, the moonlight is actually a slightly warmer color than sunlight, as the moon reflectance is higher for longer wavelengths. Yet, on clear nights, with the full moon high in the sky (as little atmospheric influence as possible), the landscape around us appears blueish because of the Purkinje effect: at low illumination levels, our red color sensitivity decreases (as our vision system gradually switches from daylight (cones) to night time vision (using rod cells)).

That’s why the sunlight looks “warm” (more yellow), and the moonlight looks “cold” (bluer — because the insufficient light level changes our color perception), even though the real colors are pretty much the same.

In fact, this is can even become a real problem when taking very long exposure photos at night! They look almost like daylight photos, destroying the intended atmosphere of mystery. Objectively, the photograph is correct, but it is not what we see with our own eyes. Add some blue tint and the night feeling is back.

References

The Sun and Us

Nothing is more important to us on Earth than the Sun. Without the Sun’s heat and light, the Earth would be a lifeless ball of ice-coated rock. The Sun warms our seas, stirs our atmosphere, generates our weather patterns, and gives energy to the growing green plants that provide the food and oxygen for life on Earth.

We know the Sun through its heat and light, but other, less obvious aspects of the Sun affect Earth and society. Energetic atomic particles and X-rays from solar flares and other disturbances on the Sun often affect radio waves traveling the Earth’s ionosphere, causing interference and even blackouts of long-distance radio communications. Disturbances of the Earth’s magnetic field by solar phenomena sometimes induce huge voltage fluctuations in power lines, threatening to blackout cities. Even such seemingly unrelated activities as the flight of homing pigeons, transatlantic cable traffic, and the control of oil flow in the Alaska pipeline apparently are interfered with by magnetic disturbances caused by events on the Sun. Thus, understanding these changes — and the solar events that cause them — is important for scientific, social, and economic reasons.

We have long recognized the importance of the Sun and watched it closely. Primitive people worshiped the Sun and were afraid when it would disappear during an eclipse. Since the early seventeenth century, scientists have studied it with telescopes, analyzing the light and heat that manage to penetrate our absorbing, turbulent atmosphere. Finally, we have launched solar instruments and ourselves-into space to view the Sun and its awesome eruptions in every aspect.

Once we looked at the Sun by the visible light that reached the ground, it seemed an average, rather stable star. It was not exactly constant, but it seemed to vary in a fairly regular fashion, with a cycle of sunspots that comes and goes in about eleven years. Now the Space Age has given us an entirely different picture of the Sun. We have seen the Sun in other forms of light-ultra violet, X-rays, and gamma rays that never reach the ground from space. This radiation turns out to be far more responsive to flare eruptions and other so-called solar activity.

We now see the Sun as a place of violent disturbances, with wild and sudden movements above and below its visible surface. Besides, solar activity's influence seems to extend to much greater distances than we had believed possible. New studies of long series of historical records reveal that the Sun has varied in the past in strange and unexplained ways. Scientists wonder how such variations might affect the future climate on Earth.

We have obtained a clearer picture of the scope of the Sun’s effects. Its magnetic field stretches through interplanetary space to the outer limits of the solar system. Steady streams and intense storms of atomic particles blow outward from the Sun, often encountering our Earth's atmospheres and the other planets. The spectacular photos of the Earth from space show only part of the picture. Instruments carried on satellites reveal a wide variety of invisible phenomena — lines of magnetic force, atomic particles, electric currents, and a huge geocorona of hydrogen atoms — surrounding the Earth. Each is as complex and changing as the visible face of the globe. The Earth’s magnetic field extends tens of thousands of miles into space, and many different streams of electrons and protons circulate within it. Huge electric currents flow around the Earth, affecting their high-altitude surroundings as well as our environment at ground level.

Space observations have greatly expanded our ability to look at the Sun, interplanetary space, and the Earth's immediate surroundings. We can now “see” many phenomena that are completely undetectable from the Earth’s surface, and we now have a much better, more complete, and more coherent picture of how events in one part of our solar system relate to activity in another.

The Sun as a Star

We sometimes forget that there is one star that is easily visible in the day time: our Sun. The Sun is the only star close enough to be studied in detail, but we are confident that all the processes in the Sun must also occur in billions of distant stars throughout the universe. To understand the nature and behavior of other stars, we must first understand our own. At the same time, observations of other kinds of stars help put the Sun in perspective.

The Sun is a relatively typical star among the approximately 100 billion stars in our Milky Way galaxy. The masses of most other stars that we see range from approximately one-tenth of the mass of the Sun to about 30 solar masses. The surface temperatures of most stars range from about 2000° C to 40,000° C. Although the Sun is somewhat on the cool side at about 6000° C, hot stars are rare, and most normal stars are cooler than the Sun. Compared to some of the explosive stars — novae, and supernovae — which sometimes appear in the sky, the Sun is stable and ordinary.

This long-term stability of our Sun probably was crucial for the development of life on Earth. Biologists believe that a relatively stable average temperature had to prevail on Earth during the past 3 billion years for life to evolve to its present state. The relative stability of the Sun is also important to astronomers trying to understand the basic nature of it and other stars. Violent activity in the Sun could mask the more subtle and long-enduring processes, which are the basic energy transport mechanisms of our star. Fortunately, they are not hidden, and we have been able to map the trend in solar properties with height above the visible surface.

Above the minimum temperature region in the photosphere, we have measured how the gas gets hotter as it thins out with height. The chromosphere and corona, each hotter than the layer below, are warmed by the transfer of energy from below through processes that are still not well understood.

Until space observations became possible, we knew nothing about coronae in any other stars and had only marginal information about stellar chromospheres' properties. Now, space observations have shown us that a large fraction of the stars in the sky have chromospheres and coronae.

On several dozen stars, we have even detected activity that may be connected with sunspot (or “starspot”) cycles like those of our own Sun. X-ray telescopes carried on satellites have recorded flares in other stars that are far more powerful than the already impressive flares of the Sun. By observing the strength and frequency of these events on stars with masses, ages, and rotation rates which differ from those of the Sun, we search for answers to such basic questions as: “How does the sunspot cycle period depend on the star’s rotation rate?” or “What is the relation between the temperature of a star’s corona and the strength of its magnetic field?” By deciphering the general pattern of stellar properties, we can better understand what makes things happen on the Sun.

The Sun presents us with a bewildering variety of surface features, atmospheric structures, and active phenomena. Sunspots come and go. The entire Sun shakes and oscillates in several different ways at the same time. Great eruptions called prominences hang high above the Sun’s surface for weeks, suspended by magnetic force, and sometimes shoot abruptly into space from the corona. The explosions called solar flares emit vast amounts of radiation and atomic particles in short periods of time, often with little or no warning.

Space observations have discovered many new aspects of solar events hidden from ground-based observatories—the Sunshine's hottest spots primarily in ultraviolet and X-rays, rather than in visible light. Thus, only from space can we map high-temperature solar flares' true structure and determine their physical conditions. Space observatories have shown us the higher, hotter layers of the Sun’s atmosphere that normally are invisible from the ground. Instruments on satellites revealed that in flares and other violent disturbances, the Sun acts like an atomic accelerator, driving electrons and protons to velocities approaching the speed of light. At such high speeds, the particles emit the high-energy X-rays and gamma rays measured by our satellites. Sometimes they even induce nuclear reactions on the surface of the Sun.

Two aspects of our improved knowledge of the Sun deserve special attention. One is the role of magnetic fields in determining virtually all aspects of the Sun’s upper atmosphere's structure and behavior. The other is discovering the solar wind, a stream of atomic particles that constantly evaporate from the Sun’s atmosphere and are accelerated to speeds of hundreds of kilometers per second, escaping into space in all directions.

The Earth-Sun Battle

For any solar particle to reach the Earth, it must first pass through the Earth’s magnetic field. Before the solar wind was discovered, the Earth’s field was thought to be symmetrical, resembling a huge bar magnet, fading off indefinitely into space. However, we now know that the solar wind shapes the Earth’s magnetic field's outer regions and is sharply bounded. Outside the boundary, space is dominated by the solar wind and the interplanetary magnetic field. Inside the boundary is the region or magnetosphere dominated by the Earth’s magnetic field. The measurements from many space missions have been combined to reveal that the solar wind blows out the Earth’s magnetosphere into a teardrop shape. The head of the drop extends only about 10 Earth radii, or about 65,000 kilometers (40,000 miles) “upwind” toward the Sun. The tail of the drop stretches away in the direction opposite the Sun, actually reaching beyond the Moon’s orbit. This long magnetotail extends more than 600,000 kilometers (370,000 miles) from the Earth.

At the boundary of the magnetosphere, there is a constant struggle between the Earth's magnetic field and the forces of the Sun. Buffeted by fluctuations in the solar wind velocity and density, the magnetosphere’s size and shape are continuously changing. When the solar wind strikes the magnetosphere, shock waveforms are analogous to the sonic boom preceding a supersonic airplane. Inside the boundary with the solar wind, the magnetosphere remains an active region. It contains two belts of very energetic charged atomic particles trapped in the Earth’s magnetic field hundreds of miles above the atmosphere. These belts were discovered by Professor James Van Allen of the University of Iowa and his colleagues in 1958, using simple radiation detectors carried by Explorer 1, the first U.S. satellite.

The Northern and Southern Lights: Gifts from the Sun

The structure of the Earth’s magnetosphere also controls aurorae's behavior, seen in our night skies. Pre-Space Age textbooks stated that aurorae are produced by photons emitted from the Sun and reach the Earth’s upper atmosphere through gaps in the Earth’s magnetic field at the north and south magnetic poles. According to the theory, these protons strike oxygen atoms in the atmosphere, and the collisions cause the glow, which we call the Northern Lights.

This view has changed in the Space Age. The data collected by many spacecraft showed that the situation is more complicated. Particles from both the solar wind and from the Earth’s atmosphere apparently are stored in the magnetotail. From there, they periodically are violently ejected into the northern and southern polar regions of the atmosphere along the Earth’s magnetic field. They are accelerated to high speeds by a process not yet fully explained. The magnetotail is, in effect, a reservoir of particles that is periodically refilled. When the Sun is active during maximum sunspot years, this process is especially intense and frequent, and the aurorae are brighter and move closer to the equator.

Stroke Incidents & Red Light Therapy

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 800,000 stroke incidents occur every year. No two-stroke incidents are the same. Stroke patients suffer complications such as loss of motor skills or partial paralysis on one side of the body.

A person can feel excruciating muscle pain, contractions for long periods of time, or spasms during the recovery process. This muscle tightness is known as spasticity or hypertonia. Sometimes patients experience muscle weakness down one side of the body, known as hemiparesis. One of the best treatments for muscle spasticity and strengthening muscle function is physical therapy.

The recovery process is dependent on the continued movement of the affected muscles. For example, some patients are known to keep their affected shoulder tense due to pain from the arm remaining relaxed and hanging. This leads to more complications, pain, and tightness. Everyday tasks such as lifting a fork, sweeping a floor, or driving a car can feel impossible for some. While pain is felt in the shoulder, arm, or leg muscles — these muscles are mostly healthy. It is the brain circuits and nerves between the brain's connection to these body parts that are damaged and need to be strengthened. Often, stroke patients do not find relief from even the strongest pain medication. Regardless, stimulating the muscles and pained areas with physical therapy strengthens the brain's connection and generates the healing process.

The National Library of Medicine has shared a study conducted in 2016 on stroke patients and red light therapy. The study concluded that red light therapy “may contribute to increased recruitment of muscle fibers and, hence, to increase the onset time of the spastic muscle fatigue, reducing pain intensity in stroke patients with spasticity, as has been observed in healthy subjects and athletes.” Another study from The National Library of Medicine on the effect of Photobiomodulation by red light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on nerve regeneration concluded with positive results. It was found in 2010 that “red to near-infrared LEDs have been shown to promote mitochondrial oxidative metabolism. In this study, LED irradiation improved nerve regeneration and increased antioxidation levels in the chamber fluid. Therefore, we propose that antioxidation induced by LEDs may be conducive to nerve regeneration.” Red light therapy works well to stimulate mitochondrial functions in cells and nerves. It can stimulate recovery 4 to 10 times faster than your body’s natural healing process.

Physical therapy is necessary for stroke patients, and when paired with full-body red light therapy, there is the potential to assist efforts towards pain reduction significantly. Photobiomodulation or red light therapy stimulates cells and helps repair the myelin sheath covering nerve fibers to accelerate their healing process and can have a positive effect on repairing broken neural pathways in the brain disrupted by stroke incidents.

In Kaiyan Medical, we develop all types of light therapy devices. We believe in the holistic approach to balance your body.

References

https://www.stroke.org.uk/sites/default/files/pain_after_stroke.pdf

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27299571/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20358337/#:~:text=Red%20to%20near%2Dinfrared%20LEDs,be%20conducive%20to%20nerve%20regeneration.

Story - Green Light for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Paul Hamernik says that “green light” laser surgery has meant he can enjoy his life again. As a stock car racer, Paul Hamernik thought his frequent restroom breaks were an occupational hazard. He accepted that his bladder was small, and his nerves ran wild — until he learned his PSA level was increasing.

“PSA, or prostate-specific antigen, is a normal substance produced by the prostate, usually found in an increased amount in the blood of men who have prostate cancer, infection or inflammation of the prostate, and benign prostatic hyperplasia,” explains Lance Mynderse, M.D., a urologist at Mayo Clinic in Rochester.

“My local doctor suggested I go to Mayo and be evaluated,” says Paul. “He said Mayo had advanced tests and procedures to diagnose and treat prostate conditions that weren’t widely available.”

Fortunately, Paul didn’t have prostate cancer. But, because of his age and PSA level, the clinic invited him to participate in a pharmaceutical trial studying the effect of dutasteride in preventing prostate cancer in men with elevated PSA levels.

“I didn’t know anything about the drug, but I wanted to help advance medical science, so I decided to enroll,” says Paul. “I’ve always been proactive with my health. That’s why I started having my PSA tested early.”

During the four-year, double-blind study, Paul took a medicine — the drug or a placebo — every day. Half-way through the study, he had a prostate biopsy and urine flow analysis.

“I remember having an ultrasound on my bladder after emptying it,” recalls Paul. “The technician thought the ultrasound machine wasn’t working, and she went to get help.”

The equipment was working, and what the technician initially saw proved accurate. Paul’s bladder was holding three times the amount of urine that it should. It had become distended, and he was unable to empty it.

“If I hadn’t been in this clinical trial, being monitored the way I was, this urine flow problem probably would not have been diagnosed until after my kidneys were involved,” says Paul.

“Paul’s bladder problem was caused by an enlarged prostate, which often leads to bladder outlet obstruction and restriction of urine flow,” says Dr. Mynderse. “Paul’s condition was benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH — a natural aging process that happens in all men.” While all men experience BPH, not all have symptoms — and certainly not as severe as Paul.

This clinical trial identified a problem that normal healthcare wouldn’t have found since Paul didn’t have any complaints, and a urine flow analysis wouldn’t normally be done. Unfortunately, Paul wasn’t a candidate for surgery when his enlarged prostate was diagnosed because his bladder had lost function. “When the bladder becomes that enlarged, it loses much of its elasticity and squeeze,” explains Dr. Mynderse.

At that point, reducing the size of the prostate might not help, as the bladder still can’t empty if it’s not capable of squeezing, even when you eliminate the prostate obstruction. “Therefore, we needed to ensure bladder function would return before scheduling surgery,” says Dr. Mynderse.

What this meant for Paul was regular self-catheterization five times per day. “I was terribly bummed,” says Paul. “First, it’s challenging to find a sterile environment & many places aren’t accommodating.” Paul’s employer offered a special restroom, and he learned some other tricks that helped but didn’t change his situation.

“I ended up clinically depressed because the catheter interfered with my ability to race stock cars, which I’ve done almost all my life,” says Paul. “There’s no support group for catheters, and I felt alone and very odd.”

“Going green” with surgery.

Paul’s diligence paid off. “His bladder function returned, and we were able to schedule a special surgery called photoselective vaporization of the prostate or PVP,” says Dr. Mynderse.

This surgery is often called green light laser surgery because it emits a highly visible green light. “The green light is created by lithium triborate, a chemical used as the lasing medium,” says Dr. Mynderse.

Mayo Clinic urologists pioneered the use of laser energy to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia in the 90s. In fact, Mayo’s Department of Urology is the” green light” laser's birthplace to treat BPH. Today, Mayo Clinic is only one of a handful of medical centers in the U.S. that are considered “Centers of Excellence” using PVP laser therapy to treat BPH.

“During the surgery, we vaporize the prostate through an instrument placed down the urethra, called transurethral — and there’s no cutting,” explains Dr. Mynderse. “We direct the light on the inner surface of the prostate, and there’s minimal bleeding. The by-products of the light energy interaction with the prostate and hemoglobin are bubbles and fine debris.”

Imagine the prostate as an orange. The laser vaporizes or shrinks the fruit or tissue occupying the core and leaves the rind intact. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis, under anesthesia. “After 12 hours, we remove the catheter, and the patient can urinate immediately,” says Dr. Mynderse. “This is a significant shift in inpatient treatment from the historical standard TURP method.”

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has been the gold standard surgical treatment for enlarged prostate for decades. However, up to 25% of patients experience complications after TURP, including excessive bleeding, urinary incontinence, and sexual impotence. TURP also subjects patients to risks inherent in any surgical procedure and a hospital stay of 1 to 3 days and a 4 to 6 weeks recovery time.

“I left the hospital the same day and with no pain,” says Paul. “Dr. Mynderse is my hero because he got rid of my catheter, and I enjoy life the way I use to.”


References

https://sharing.mayoclinic.org/2012/12/18/green-light-laser-surgery-treats-bph/

Light to Manage Neuropathic Pain

Imagine that the movement of a single hair on your arm causes severe pain. For patients with neuropathic pain — a chronic illness affecting 7 to 8% of the European population, with no effective treatment — this can be a daily reality.

Scientists from EMBL Rome have now identified a special population of nerve cells in the skin that are responsible for sensitivity to gentle touch. These are also the cells that cause severe pain in patients with neuropathic pain. The research team, led by EMBL group leader Paul Heppenstall, developed a light-sensitive chemical that selectively binds to this nerve cell type. By first injecting the affected skin area with the chemical and then illuminating it with near-infrared light, the targeted nerve cells retract from the skin’s surface, leading to pain relief. Nature Communications publishes the results on 24 April 2018.

The Spicy Effect

By clipping off the nerve endings with light, the gentle touch that can cause severe pain in neuropathic patients is no longer felt. “It’s like eating a strong pepper, which burns the nerve endings in your mouth and desensitizes them for some time,” says Heppenstall. “The nice thing about our technique is that we can specifically target the small subgroup of neurons, causing neuropathic pain.”

There are many different nerve cells in your skin, which make you feel specific sensations like vibration, cold, heat, or normal pain. These cells are not affected by the light treatment at all. The skin is only desensitized to the gentlest touch, like a breeze, tickling, or an insect crawling across your skin.

Illumination vs. Drugs

Previous attempts to develop drugs to treat neuropathic pain have mostly focused on targeting single molecules. “We think, however, that there’s not one single molecule responsible. There are many,” Heppenstall explains. “You might be able to succeed in blocking one or a couple, but others would take over the same function eventually. With our new illumination method, we avoid this problem altogether.”

Touch and pain were assessed by measuring reflexes in mice affected by neuropathic pain in their limbs. Affected mice will normally quickly withdraw their paw when it is gently touched. After the light therapy, however, they exhibited normal reflexes upon gentle touch. The therapy's effect lasts for a few weeks, after which the nerve endings grow back, and gentle touch causes pain again.

The team also investigated human skin tissue. The tissue's overall makeup and the specifics of the neurons of interest appear to be similar, indicating that the method might be effective in managing neuropathic pain in humans. “In the end, we aim to solve the problem of pain in both humans and animals,” says Heppenstall. “Of course, a lot of work needs to be done before we can do a similar study in people with neuropathic pain. That’s why we’re now actively looking for partners and are open for new collaborations to develop this method further, with the hope of one day using it in the clinic.”

Parkinson's: From the Gut to the Brain

Margaret Jarrett was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease eight years ago. And although she was bothered by many of the symptoms that commonly afflict people living with Parkinson’s — resting tremor, uncertain gait, and terrible nightmares — the thing that bothered her the most was the loss of her sense of smell. An avid gardener, she took great pride in her roses but being unable to inhale their perfumed scent really got her down.

“You take something like your sense of smell for granted,” Jarrett, 72, said. “You don’t realize how precious something is until it’s gone.”

Parkinson’s disease combines movement disorders, including resting tremors, muscle rigidity, impaired balance, and movement slowness. It can also cause neurological problems such as depression, insomnia, memory loss, and confusion.

Its cause is unknown, but it is associated with dopamine depletion and destruction of neurons in the brain's basal ganglia region.

The current mainstay of treatment for Parkinson’s disease involves physical therapy and medications that act to increase dopamine levels in the brain. One relatively new therapy for Parkinson’s is exposure to infrared light.

Dr. Ann Liebert, co-ordinator of photomolecular research at the Australasian Research Institute, has been exploring the idea of using infrared light to modulate the gastrointestinal tract’s microbiome in humans.

The gut’s microbiome — composing trillions of bacteria, fungi, and protozoa from hundreds of different species that normally inhabit our gastrointestinal tract — has come under increasing scientific attention over the past decade, with links being established between the microbiome and several conditions including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and depression. Several studies have also observed that the gut microbiome is markedly altered in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Fecal microbiota transplantation can have a protective effect in animal models of Parkinson’s.

The reason for this is unknown. However, an interesting observation is that another common pathology seen in Parkinson’s disease is the accumulation of misfolded proteins, called Lewy bodies, in the brain. It has been shown that certain sensory cells of the gut contain these same proteins.

Researchers have hypothesized that abnormal forms of the protein could travel from the gut to the brain through the vagus nerve, a phenomenon observed in animal models of Parkinson’s. Further support for this theory comes from findings that people who have had a surgical vagotomy — where branches of the nerve are cut — have a lower lifetime risk of developing Parkinson’s.

“We know that infrared light can reduce Parkinson’s symptoms and offer protection to brain cells. So, we wanted to test if it could modulate the gut’s microbiome as well,” Liebert said.

Provisional results from the first half dozen Adelaide participants, including Margaret Jarrett, have been promising.

“The six patients . . . showed an increase by up to 20 percent in the favorable microbiome that is associated with obesity reduction and short-chain fatty acid production. And the bacteria associated with rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease and insulin resistance were all decreased,” said Hosen Kiat, a professor of cardiology at Macquarie University, who oversaw the trial.

“For the last three years, I haven’t been able to smell flowers,” Jarrett said. “But several weeks into the trial, I started to smell my roses, daphnes, and gardenias again, and it was wonderful.”

Another participant, Barry Weldon, 70, had a similar experience. “My sense of smell improved significantly,” he said. “One day, I walked into the house, and for the first time in a long time, I could actually smell the soup my wife was cooking.”

Ron Till, 68, had an even more dramatic improvement. “The trial gave me the ability to sleep again,” he said. “It was amazing.”

Till’s neurologist cautioned him not to get his hopes up before the trial but changed his mind when he saw the results. “He told me it was voodoo medicine and probably wouldn’t work,” Till recalled. “But after the trial, I went back for my three-monthly assessment with him, and he said to me, ‘You’re actually testing better than when you first started with me ten years ago.’”

Retired geologist Sean Kennedy, 76, also experienced an improvement in his coordination and balance. “My juggling skills have improved,” he said.

In a review published in Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, Liebert and her co-authors acknowledge that while the exact mechanism by which light therapy alters the microbiome is unknown, there is definite potential in light therapy.

“The ability of PBM [light therapy] to influence the microbiome (if proven to apply to humans) will allow an additional therapeutic route to target multiple diseases, including cardiovascular disease and Parkinson’s disease, many of which have thus far eluded effective treatment approaches,” the paper concludes.

Kiat is excited by light therapy’s potential. “If we can create non-­invasively a metabolically healthier microbiome through this extremely cheap and easy way, then inflammatory diseases and neurodegenerative diseases should be positively influenced,” he said.

Gold Coast-based GP Mark Jeffery is a clinician who has been using lasers in his practice for more than four years. He says the research supports the use of light therapy for a wide range of diseases, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, depression, and chronic pain.

“The reality is there are no real side effects from low-level laser therapy, and it’s one of the safest treatments you can ever do,” he says.

Liebert says the promising results they have seen thus far will inform a large, double-blinded randomized control trial planned for this year. “It has the potential to apply to huge fields of medicine,” she said.

Weldon’s neurologist, Chris Kneebone, is keeping an open mind on infrared light therapy’s potential. “We all just have to wait and see what the trial results tell us,” he said.

His advice for people who wish to give it a try for their Parkinson’s? “If you want to give it a go, give it a go,” he said. “I’ve got no reason not to recommend it, but at this stage, I’ve got no reason to think it is helpful either.”

As for Jarrett, she has no doubts that infrared light therapy has helped her. She enjoys pottering around in her garden again and has more energy than she has had for a long time.

“I feel like I could take on the world again,” she said. “My garden has never looked better.”

References

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30074108/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29247431/

Light Therapy Clinical Trial Aims to Accelerate Recovery from COVID-19

Ontario is a known leader in conducting innovative clinical trials, and the clinical trials community in Ontario has proven this strength throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. One innovative trial underway in Ontario is Vielight Inc.’s COVIDlight trial, which tests whether the recovery of COVID-19 patients may be accelerated by the use of a specialized light therapy device. This trial was made possible in part by Clinical Trials Ontario’s Trial Site Network through a connection made between Vielight Inc. and Impact Clinical Trials. CTO spoke with representatives from Vielight and Impact Clinical Trials about their trial and their experience with the Trial Site Network.

Light Therapy Device for the Treatment of COVID-19

Vielight Inc. has developed a compact and portable device named the “Vielight RX Plus,” based on the science of photobiomodulation (PBM). PBM uses certain light energy to modify cellular functions and can play a role in the management of COVID-19. This clinical trial assesses the efficacy of the Vielight RX Plus to reduce symptom duration and severity in patients suffering from COVID-19.

The Vielight RX Plus device delivers light therapy to the sternum and the nasal canal.

“This device brings a holistic approach to the treatment of COVID-19 patients,”

said Nazanin Hosseinkhah, Research Scientist and Physicist at Vielight Inc.

“The device stimulates the thymus gland, creates nitric oxide, increases natural killer cells, acts as an anti-inflammatory therapy, and increases cellular energy.”

This unique, at-home study has the potential to modulate immune cell and cytokine activity in COVID-19 patients with an easy to use the device.

“We are very hopeful that this trial will prove to help patients recover from COVID-19 at home, and result in less burden to the healthcare system,”

said Hosseinkhah.

Clinical Ttrial

This randomized controlled trial, being managed by Impact Clinical Trials, is actively recruiting 280 participants who are confirmed to have contracted COVID-19. The trial was authorized by Health Canada in early September and is recruiting participants in Ontario and the United States. Participants are allocated into a treatment or a control group, with 140 participants randomized to receive the Vielight RX Plus device and the other 140 participants receiving the current standard of care. The trial is conducted remotely with non-hospitalized participants.

Participants in the treatment group receive the device by courier within 24 hours of registering for the trial. They are asked to place the device on their chest and onto their nostril for 20 mins each day. They then track their symptoms within a daily survey over a 30-day period.

“This is a simple, at-home study for participants to be involved in,”

said Andrea Berk from Impact Clinical Trials.

“Participants in both the treatment and the control groups are completely supported throughout the trial, with a 24-hour number they can call if they have any questions.”
Connections

This trial was made possible in part by a connection made directly through CTO’s Trial Site Network.  The Trial Site Network, part of CTO’s Industry Concierge program, comprises more than 230 sites. The Network allows CTO to provide warm introductions to Ontario’s hospitals, research institutions, private research networks, and CROs.

“We have been able to guide companies such as Vielight in getting their trials up and running in Ontario,”

said Andrew Haller.

“I was introduced to Andrew Haller from CTO a few months before the COVID-19 pandemic,”

said Berk.

“Pre-COVID I was working on half a dozen connections that had been made through the Trial Site Network. When COVID-19 hit, those projects were put on hold. I reached out to Andrew to let him know Impact Clinical Trials had the consulting capacity, and that is when he introduced us to Vielight.”

Haller knew that Vielight had been searching for someone to take on the management of their clinical trial. “When Andrew introduced us to Andrea Berk from Impact Clinical Trials, we immediately connected and knew they were the right fit,” said Hosseinkhah.

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Red Light Therapy Can Help Reduce Inflammation

We can usually identify inflammation when we see it. The inflamed part of the body looks red and swollen, and it feels hot and painful. But in this article, we’ll find out why we experience inflammation, as well as its causes, risk factors, and how red light therapy devices can help reduce it.

What Really is Inflammation?

Inflammation is our body’s natural response to pain, irritation, damaged cells, exposure to germs, and potential danger. There are two types of inflammation:

1. Acute inflammation

This type of inflammation happens as our body’s healthy response to injury or stress. We mean “healthy” because it helps the body recover faster. The inflammation happens only for a few hours and then starts to repair the damaged tissue.

2. Chronic inflammation

On the other hand, chronic inflammation can be excruciating and may cause discomfort or inconvenience. It causes an imbalance in the body, making it operate inefficiently over time. Chronic inflammation can be caused by viral infections, repetitive tissue damage, autoimmune reactions, and persistent and recurring acute inflammation. At its worse, this type of inflammation may lead to more serious diseases and/or conditions such as cancer, stroke, depression, and heart disorder.

Common Causes of Inflammation

Anything that causes stress on your body may lead to inflammation. These include:

  • Bruises
  • Bumps
  • Burns
  • Chemical irritants
  • Dehydration
  • Diseases
  • Excessive alcohol
  • Infection
  • Irritants
  • Poor nutrition
  • Poor sleep
  • Splinters
  • Toxin exposure
  • Wounds and injuries

Signs of Inflammation

There are five common signs of inflammation:

  • Heat on the inflamed area
  • Loss of function (i.e., you can’t move your arms or legs)
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
Treatment Options for Inflammation

For acute inflammation, doctors normally recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and paracetamol. Meanwhile, chronic inflammation may also be prescribed with NSAIDs, along with steroids and supplements.

However, these common treatment options help prevent inflammation symptoms but do not deal with the root cause, including improper cellular function, biological imbalance, and damaged tissues. This is also why lifestyle changes (improved diet, regular exercises, and high-quality sleep) and red light therapy could be of great help.

How Red Light Therapy Works Against Inflammation

Red light therapy, also referred to as low-level laser therapy (LLLT) or photobiomodulation (PBM), is a non-invasive treatment option. This kind of therapy delivers wavelengths of red and near-infrared (NIR) light to your skin and cells for multiple benefits. When it comes to inflammation, it can help cut down oxidative stress and activate protective cellular mechanisms to boost your immune system and protect you from diseases that may cause inflammation. It can also boost the generation of healing agents and antioxidants in the body to speed up damaged tissues' healing process.

Red light therapy can give your body the light exposure needed to function more efficiently, improve blood flow, and limit inflammation.

Conclusion

Inflammation is a natural part of our biological processes, but chronic cases may also lead to serious health risks that can affect the quality of your life. Therefore, if you’re experiencing signs of inflammation, regardless if it’s acute or chronic, please schedule an appointment with your doctor to get the care and treatment you need as early as possible.

In the meantime, to protect your body from the stress that may cause inflammation, you can do red light therapy either through a health provider or from the comfort of your home. If you need to purchase red light therapy devices, you can browse through our catalog to see the brands and products that we offer.


Keep Your Skin Healthy with Red Light Therapy

Skincare doesn’t just affect the way you look. It also plays a huge role in your overall health — from body temperature to hormone regulation to your immune system. If you’re into skincare as much as we are, one of the many ways that can help you keep your skin healthy is red light therapy. In this article, we’ll take a deep dive into why you should take care of your skin, and we’ll also discuss how red light therapy devices can help you achieve your skin goals.

Are you ready? Let’s go straight into it.

Why Do You Need to Take Care of Your Skin?

As the largest organ in our body, your skin is your body’s first defense line to bacteria, germs, viruses, etc. It’s a vital part of the immune system and some processes in your body, such as temperature control, blood circulation, and hormone production.

Main Functions of the Skin

Let’s take a look at the skin's main functions to help you understand how essential it is for you to take care of this vital organ.

1. Defense and Immunity

The skin is an active immune organ, and it serves as our physical barrier from the dangers of the environment. It helps protect our bodies from diseases, germs, viruses, dirt, UV radiation, and potential thermal and physical injuries. It also helps detect and fight off infection, toxins, allergens, hazardous substances, and carcinogens.

2. Temperature Regulation

Aside from protecting us from extreme cold or heat, the skin also helps prevent moisture loss, keeping us from being dehydrated.

3. Sense of touch

The skin has a somatosensory system that is composed of touch receptors and nerve endings. This system is responsible for the sensations we feel, including pain, pressure, vibrations, smoothness, roughness, heat, cold, tickle, itch, and more.

4. Storage and Production of Vitamin D

Your body also uses your skin's deeper layers to store metabolic products, fat, and water. The skin is also responsible for producing vitamin D, supplied in the body when the skin gets enough sunlight exposure.

5. Beauty

Need we say more? Your skin plays a huge part in your appearance. Of course, when your skin is healthy, you also look glowing, radiant, and definitely more attractive.

Red Light Therapy and Keeping Your Skin Healthy

Before we proceed with the “how,” let’s first define what red light therapy is. Red light therapy is a non-invasive treatment option for different kinds of medical conditions. It is also used for health improvement and various aesthetic procedures.

Decades ago, red light therapy machines were only available in clinics, high-end salons, and spas. Nowadays, red light therapy devices can be bought and used by anyone. In fact, you can do red light therapy at the comfort of your home and incorporate it into your skincare routine.

How Does Red Light Therapy Work?

Red light therapy works by delivering wavelengths of red and near-infrared (NIR) light to our cells and skin. Besides helping enhance cellular function, red light therapy also helps stimulate the mitochondria and produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate) energy. This treatment option usually takes only about 10 minutes per session.

How Does Red Light Therapy Help Keep Your Skin Healthy?

Our skin relies on millions of cells to be able to perform its functions. When our cells experience homeostasis or a state of balance, our skin and body perform (and look) better. And as mentioned above, red and NIR light enhances cellular function while also preventing inflammation and oxidative stress. Red light therapy helps make your skin look and feel softer, smoother, and healthier.

Besides, red light therapy also helps damaged tissues heal and regenerate faster. It also has anti-inflammatory benefits, potentially increasing blood flow to damaged and inflamed tissues and reducing oxidative stress.

Final Thoughts

Skincare is self-care, as keeping your skin healthy also produces multiple benefits to your health. Thankfully, aside from proper hygiene, regular exercise, a balanced diet, and an established skincare routine, red light therapy can also improve your overall skin health.

For more information about red light therapy or to view our catalog of red therapy devices, click here.

Sources:

https://www.hse.gov.uk/skin/professional/causes/structure.htm

Red Light Therapy for Enhanced Cellular Function

The one thing we have in common with animals, plants, and other living organisms is that we are all made of tiny little cells. The intricate human body in itself houses trillions of cells. Without cells, there wouldn’t be any life on Earth at all.

In this article, we discuss cellular anatomy and cellular function. Here, we understand how light plays a role in the support and acceleration of cellular respiration.

What is a cell?

Think of cells as the basic building block of all living organisms. As the smallest unit of life, cells contain many parts, each with a different and specific function. The command center of the cell is called the nucleus that contains the human DNA.

As these cells combine to form into an organism, they become responsible for vital activities like nutrient intake, energy production, structure building, and hereditary material processing. They make sure that your body gets enough energy and nutrients to function 24/7.

What is ATP?

One essential activity that our cells do for us is by taking in oxygen and nutrients to fuel body energy. This energy unit that is converted by the cells is called Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Energy.

The ATP itself is a molecule packed with high energy that empowers cellular function. ATP is required by the body to do every activity. Other cells that do more strenuous activities like muscle cells would need more ATP than others. The ideal optimal cellular function would allow cells to produce and use enough energy to achieve body balance or homeostasis.

How is ATP produced?

The mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell. They are responsible for the production of ATP. Aside from cellular energy, this double-membrane powerhouse does protein synthesis, cell signaling, and cell apoptosis. ATP is produced with oxygen (aerobic) or without oxygen (anaerobic), the former being more beneficial because it converts more energy. Thus, 95% of cellular energy goes through an aerobic process.

Our cells go through a process called Aerobic cellular respiration to convert oxygen, food, and water into the body’s energy currency, which is ATP. This process is a well-organized metabolic pathway that consists of four stages. Our bodies take in nutrients from the food we eat for the first two stages to convert them into carbon compounds. Then for the next steps, these carbon compounds are transformed into the energy that our cells use.

How does light therapy support cellular function?

Light can sometimes be less attributed to improve our body’s physiology. However, light has benefits that go beyond aesthetic and technological purposes. Just like how light plays a role in plants' photosynthesis, it also benefits human cellular function.

Red light therapy from Kaiyan Medical composes of Red and Near-Infrared Wavelengths that aid in the Mitochondria's function to produce more ATP energy. It works by increasing the number of Mitochondria in our cells and by boosting their function.

The electron transport chain heavily governs the cellular respiration process. Red Light therapy has photons that can boost the mitochondria to function better through the Cytochrome C Oxidase. It plays an essential role in the cellular respiration process by improving the cell's electron transfer process. In this way, more ATP can be produced by the body for an enhanced cellular function.

As mentioned earlier, oxygen plays an essential role in the cellular respiration process. The infamous Nitric Oxide can take the rightful place of oxygen to limit ATP production that causes stress and cellular death. Red light therapy also gets rid of a harmful roadblock to ATP in the dissociation of Nitric Oxide and the Cox. The photons from Red light therapy prohibits the production of nitric oxide.

The effect that Red Light therapy does on our body is that by improving cellular function, our body can achieve these benefits:

  • Improved blood Flow
  • Increased Energy Build up
  • Enhanced Healing Response
  • Reduced Inflammation
  • Reduced Stress
  • Balanced Cellular Function

As you do daily activities such as eating, drinking, walking, or working out, think of the massive role that your cellular system plays to make these activities possible. In this way, you can put conscious efforts into improving your cellular system through a healthy diet and lifestyle and by integrating Red Light Therapy.

References:

https://www.healthline.com/health/red-light-therapy#how-does-it-work?

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5215870/

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/325884

https://www.britannica.com/science/cell-biology

https://www.britannica.com/science/mitochondrion

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/media/cellular-respiration-infographic/

Animal Wellness: Red Light Therapy for Dogs

Certified pup parents know pets could easily sense when we’re feeling sad, happy, scared, or sick. Our furry friends could probably read us better than we could read them. However, active pets are also prone to injuries, cuts, wounds, inflammation, and infections like human beings.

If you’re a pet owner, you’d always want to give your pets the best care possible to make sure they are healthy and happy at all times. Thankfully, medicine has innovated well enough to find more advanced treatments and maintenance tools for our canine friends. In recent years, pet owners and some veterinarians have been using safe, non-invasive, and high-tech treatments for pets and domestic animals such as Red-Light therapy.

What is Red Light Therapy?

Red light therapy has been utilized by the veterinary world to deliver similar benefits to pets, just like humans. Red light therapy is a non-invasive treatment and a form of photobiomodulation that alters animal cells' physiology.

Light therapy produces wavelengths of photons that the photoreceptors in the animal’s bodies can absorb. The light provides alteration to the animal cells that result in numerous benefits such as better blood circulation and natural cellular regeneration.

Multiple studies support the efficacy of red-light therapy to animals. A 2017 study shows how Red Light therapy promoted faster healing for dogs that underwent bone surgery. The findings were also complemented by another study that suggests near-infrared wavelengths promoted bone cell reproduction for dogs.

Red Light Treatment for Dogs?

When our pets sprain their ankles or cut their pads, their cells become damaged. As a result, their bodies need cell energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to repair damaged cells and tissues.

The photoreceptors in their body absorb red light. The light stimulates ATP production in the animal’s body that results in faster delivery of nutrients and better excretion of toxins. All of these processes are essential for the body’s healing.

Red Light also promotes better circulation as it stimulates Nitric Oxide production to help blood vessels remain flexible. Injured or damaged cells need proper blood flow for healing. Light therapy helps in the healing process by increasing blood flow to ensure enough nutrients and oxygen in the affected area.

Red light is beneficial for surface healing by helping tissues that are potent in hemoglobin. On the other hand, near-infrared light can work better on deeper wounds as it can pass through the animal’s body's deeper tissues.

Innovators like Kaiyan Medical uses the FDA-cleared Red Light Therapy pad that utilizes the combined technology of Red Light-emitting diodes that can penetrate the skin and infrared wavelengths that can heal muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Red light and near-infrared wavelengths are the ideal combination of surface and inner healing.

Aside from providing the cells with energy, the light also stimulates collagen production, which aids in repairing damaged tissues. Collagen is an essential protein that can help get rid of scars and wounds.

What are the conditions that can be addressed by Red Light Therapy?

Skin and Surface issues

  • Surface wounds
  • Hair loss
  • Eczema
  • Other Skin Conditions
  • Wounds and Cuts

Deeper surface issues

  • Arthritis
  • Soft tissue injuries
  • Ligament injuries
  • Post-surgery Inflammation
  • Pain, Inflammation, and Swelling
  • hip dysplasia
  • Tendon problems
  • Strains and sprains
  • Salivary gland problems

General Maintenance

  • Maintenance of healthy joints and Bones
  • Maintenance of healthy Cardiovascular system
  • Maintenance of healthy Digestive system
  • Healthy Vision
  • Prevention of anxiety

Light therapy can be your best therapeutic tool in boosting your pet’s overall wellbeing. As a general rule, light therapy is a safe and non-invasive option for treating minor issues and maintaining their overall health. However, if your pet is undergoing more severe health problems, it’s best to consult your veterinarian for a more conducive treatment plan. While red light therapy is not a panacea for all your dog’s health issues, it’s a low-risk and pain-free option to complement treatments and to promote overall wellness for your beloved pet.

References:

https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/islsm/13/1/13_1_73/_article/-char/ja/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/vde.12170?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false

https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/abstract/10.3415/VCOT-15-12-0198

https://www.degruyter.com/view/journals/plm/1/2/article-p117.xml

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1053/jvet.1999.0292?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false

How Does Red Light Therapy Relate with Ketogenic Diet?

Red light therapy is an easily accessible and affordable clinical device that boosts metabolism and increases ATP energy production. It is a non-invasive modulator of metabolism that delivers proper frequency, power, and luminance by shifting the mitochondria's function organically.

Ketogenic Diet and Red Light Therapy

A ketogenic diet involves the consumption of low-carb, high-fat meals. When practiced together with red light therapy, it can amplify your metabolic flexibility. It also helps cells burn more sugar and fat efficiently. Good levels of ATP energy production (empowered by mitochondria by converting oxygen and nutrients to ATP) can help prevent high-blood or low-blood pressure conditions. The process of creating ATP energy works best when our body and cells are well-balanced, reaching a state called homeostasis.

One thing to consider in following a diet plan is over-nutrition, which may lead to metabolic inflexibility. When over-feeding happens, the production of ATP energy may result in metabolic congestion. Red light therapy can help alleviate this metabolic congestion by focusing amplification of ATP energy levels. Insulin can mediate metabolic congestion by the fluidity between glucose, fatty acids, and amino acids. An important step for ATP energy production is forming the COX enzyme, which can aid metabolism by pairing oxygen neutralized into the water with high-energy electrons.

If the COX enzyme goes out of sync with electrons' flow, the high-energy electrons won’t effectively be neutralized into water. Red light can help regulate the healthy formation of the COX enzyme, efficiently oxidizing fat. The ketogenic diet triggers cells to insulin by stimulating ATP energy production by increasing metabolic flexibility, reducing carbon combustion, and helping clear metabolic congestion.

Significance to Healing

The chemical DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) plays numerous vital roles in health. It helps with the metabolism of cholesterol that produces hormones such as progesterone, estrogen, and testosterone. As we age, our levels of DHEA decreases, as well as the synthesis of such hormones. Low levels of progesterone can affect women in their peri-menopausal and post-menopausal stages. This is a function of the decline in mitochondria, which then affects ATP energy levels.

Low levels of DHEA may contribute to the insufficiency of adrenaline and estrogen dominance, which is common to middle-aged women at the peri-menopausal or post-menopausal stage. Women rely on the production of adrenaline and DHEA to keep their progesterone levels and prevent estrogen dominance.

Lower production of DHEA and progesterone can be an effect of elevated secretion of cortisol that is caused by acute/chronic stress. When high levels of stress reduce the adrenal glands' proper functions due to the decrease of synthesis of the adrenal cortex steroid hormones in the mitochondria, it results in adrenal insufficiency.

Based on health professionals' studies, when cortisol levels drop, it inhibits the synthesis and secretion of DHEA/progesterone, resulting in pathophysiological changes caused by stress. Enzyme activation and regulatory signaling can affect the fluidity dynamics between cortisol, DHEA, and other hormones such as progesterone, estrogen, and testosterone.

Red light therapy and ketogenic diet can mediate inflammatory stress and regulate the healthy production of DHEA.

Estrogen Levels

Estrogen is a master regulator of female metabolism. A youthful and regulatory expression of estrogen is the production of 17B-estradiol (E2). It modulates the menstrual cycle to ensure the healthy release of the corpus luteum, which secretes progesterone.

On the other hand, progesterone helps maintain a healthy uterus lining. When the expression of E2 is sufficient, progesterone secretion also increases. Having high progesterone levels means having lower estrogen and a lesser risk of getting diseases like breast, ovary, and colon cancer. E2 also contributes to potential partition fuel, orchestrating metabolic flexibility, and increasing energy levels that lead to optimal cerebral glucose metabolism.

The decline in the peripheral steroidogenesis of E2, progesterone, and testosterone is common as time goes by.

Testosterone Levels

A 12-week ketogenic diet may increase testosterone levels in men due to an increase in cholesterol and DHEA. Red light therapy also improves the mitochondrial synthesis of testosterone from DHEA.

For males, testosterone naturally converts to E2, but healthy testosterone levels stipulate a hormonal challenge to the synthesis of E2. An enlarged prostate can be caused by estrogen dominance when there is no testosterone/estrogen ratio balance. Having healthy testosterone levels may lead to a decline of estrogen dominance, as it is for progesterone in women.

Other Healing Benefits

Healthcare professionals strongly believe that red light therapy can be a powerful healing agent that may help prevent diabetic ulcers and lower chances of extremity amputations when practiced together with a ketogenic diet.

Diabetic ulcers usually result to lower limb amputations in the long-run. Studies show that diabetic foot ulcers and lower extremity amputations are increasing in number. In fact, having unhealed wounds can be alarming as the post-amputation survival rate for people with diabetes averages to only five years. Statistics show the urgent need to prevent, detect, and prove that treatments for lower limb ulcers should be highly considered. Red light therapy has been proven to increase the circulation of blood flow and healthier skin.

Innovation

Red light therapy and ketogenic diets are considered to be disruptive innovators in the healthcare system. Apart from the fact that red light therapy is non-invasive, such treatment shows great potential in helping lengthen the lifespan and improve people's overall health. Red light therapy also promotes a more affordable and accessible treatment that can be done in the comfort of your home.

Here at Kaiyan Medical, we offer red light therapy devices to help you achieve your health and aesthetic goals. To learn more about the brands and products we offer, please click here.

More References

https://perfectketo.com/red-light-therapy/

https://perfectketo.com/keto-diet-plan-for-beginners/

https://www.rejuvcryo.com/the-science/2019/8/14/article-the-surprising-synergy-between-keto-and-red-light-therapy-rejuvcryo-north-county-san-diego

Deuterium and Red Light Therapy

As the most accessible element in the globe, hydrogen plays a huge role in our biological processes. However, you may not know that hydrogen usually brings an uninvited guest in your body, and we call it deuterium. Having high deuterium levels may change the chemical reactions in your cells and affect your bodily functions and metabolism, leading to unwanted health consequences.

What is Deuterium?

Deuterium is also known as a “heavy hydrogen” and is one of the two stable hydrogen isotopes. We commonly have it in our bodies — in fact, it helps children grow. However, adults may have too much deuterium because of dietary and environmental factors. As mentioned above, this may lead to chemical reactions at a cellular level and lead to health risks.

How Can Deuterium Affect Your Health Negatively?

Hydrogen is necessary for our day-to-day bodily functions. Our biological processes require it, and we usually get it from what we eat or drink. Upon intake, hydrogen goes to the mitochondria, also known as the powerhouse of the cells.

Our mitochondria can be compared to thousands of engines that continually run to produce the ATP energy we need to survive daily. The majority of people eat only three to five pounds of food each day, but we usually make more than 170 pounds of ATP energy at the same time.

On the other hand, deuterium is like hydrogen’s “evil” sibling. And we repeat, excess deuterium is harmful to our bodies. Because it is twice as heavy and large as hydrogen, it may damage the nanomotors in your mitochondria and slow down ATP energy production. As time goes by, the wear and tear on your nanomotors caused by the heavy hydrogen atoms may completely break your nanomotors. This damage may cause muscle pain, dehydration, impaired memory, poor sleep, headaches, and lymph nodes.

How Can You Measure the Level of Deuterium in Your Body?

Two “D-terminator” diagnostic tests can help measure the deuterium levels in your body. Advanced technology, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can also be used to visualize and track deuterium patterns in your body, whether it’s in your bodily fluids, DNA, or even your hair and nails. Based on these tests, your doctor will be able to determine your deuterium levels. And when it shows to be excessive, he/she may come up with a plan to deplete deuterium in your body.

Why Do We Get Overloaded with Deuterium?

We experience high deuterium levels because of what we eat or drink and some other environmental factors. For instance, carbohydrates, processed foods, and synthetic supplements contain high levels of deuterium. Tap, ocean, and river water also have high deuterium levels, so when you’re exposed to these things regularly, you may experience an overload of this hydrogen isotope.

How Can You Deplete Deuterium?

Nutrition is the baseline of depleting deuterium. Based on your test results, your doctor may recommend consuming food groups that contain lower levels of deuterium, such as proteins, green vegetables, and healthy fats. You may also be advised to drink deuterium-depleted water to lower your deuterium levels.

Health experts say that a body that functions properly can naturally regulate deuterium levels and produce healthy amounts of ATP energy.

How Does Red Light Affect Deuterium?

Red and near-infrared light can affect our body’s hydrogen bonds in a process quite similar to photosynthesis. The water inside our cells usually becomes less harmful when our bodies absorb wavelengths of red and near-infrared light between 600–950 nanometers. This helps with proper cellular respiration and helps increase ATP energy production in your body.

Changing the water's resistance in your body, red, and near-infrared light can help reduce the amount of friction at the cellular level, promote cellular longevity, and lead to higher outputs of good energy.

To learn more about the benefits of red light therapy or to see what kind of red and near light therapy devices you can use to lower your deuterium levels, click here.


More References

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-61983-3

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61983-3

Wang, M.; Audi, G.; Kondev, F. G.; Huang, W. J.; Naimi, S.; Xu, X. (2017). "The AME2016 atomic mass evaluation (II). Tables, graphs, and references" (PDF). Chinese Physics C. 41 (3): 030003-1–030003-442. doi:10.1088/1674-1137/41/3/030003.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2018/5454367/

Answering FAQs About Hyperpigmentation

You might have heard about hyperpigmentation from your dermatologist or a skincare company. But if you didn’t completely understand this skin condition — and you want to know how it develops, how to remove it, etc. — or if you have questions about this skin condition, this article can be of help.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation can be one or multiple skin patches or spots that appear much darker than your skin color. It is a cell mutation caused by changes in hormones, an injury like sunburn, acne, peeling from chemicals or any treatments, or inflammation. The darker areas of hyperpigmentation are excess deposits of melanin. And although it is harmless and common, having hyperpigmentation can make people more conscious about their looks. In fact, some people try to conceal it with cosmetic products, while some try to deal with it with professional help.

What are the Common Causes of Hyperpigmentation?

Age spots: As we age, brown, black or tan skin spots may develop on our hands, face, and/or head. These mostly affect light-skinned individuals and are caused by too much exposure from the sun.

Melasma: Usually caused by hormonal changes, melasma is common in women, especially those who are pregnant. It is composed of large patches of darkened skin that can appear on the face or stomach. Those with darker skin are more likely to have melasma.

Inflammation: This is caused by autoimmune reactions from skin conditions like acne and eczema or a skin injury. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation appears on the face and neck, and its appearance may vary depending on the skin tone. Inflammation can happen to anyone, regardless of skin color and origin.

How Can I Treat Hyperpigmentation?

There are different treatment options for hyperpigmentation, depending on your skin tone. Fair skin can be treated by most hyperpigmentation procedures, such as laser treatments and micro peeling. Medium skin usually reacts better with chemical peels and microdermabrasion therapy. Darker skin can benefit from using glycolic acid, kojic acid, microdermabrasion in a low setting, lower-strength chemical peels, and low-intensity laser treatments.

Some important things to watch out for when treating hyperpigmentation include:

  • Take a lot of vitamin C, an antioxidant that helps fight dark spots. Vitamin C helps prevent melanin production by inhibiting tyrosinase enzymes, causing lighten pigmentation and making normal skin brighter.
  • Another way to treat hyperpigmentation is to re-injure the skin's affected area, flushing the pigment to the surface.
  • There are topical creams or even home remedies (i.e., aloe vera, green tea, and licorice) that can be used to help heal hyperpigmentation. Some people find them effective, while others find other treatments with the same purpose as these treatments more effective. Red light therapy is one example.
  • Dark skin should be treated more carefully to prevent hypopigmentation, development of white spots that cannot be reversed.
Is Light Therapy Effective in Treating hyperpigmentation?

Photobiomodulation is another name for red light therapy. It may help the body produce more energy and regenerate the skin by using natural light. This can also be used on hyperpigmentation and other skin injuries like acne, inflammation, burns, and scars. When used consistently, light therapy is highly effective in reducing and healing hyperpigmentation patches and helping them return to normal pigment levels.

Red light therapy is a powerful, advanced relief for skin inflammation. Skin cells heal and rejuvenate better when exposed to healthy wavelengths of light, which can help treat hyperpigmentation.

Why is Red Light Therapy Better than Near-infrared Light Therapy in Treating Hyperpigmentation?

There’s a study that shows near-infrared light can help produce tyrosinase enzyme, which prevents melanin production. This helps patients with vitiligo stimulate melanocytes, the same compound in vitamin C that helps lighten hyperpigmentation. But the truth is, there is no clear clinical consensus among photomedicine researches about using near-infrared light for hyperpigmentation.

Red light wavelengths are considered to be safe as it does not stimulate the production of pigment. It creates healthy wavelengths of light to help the skin cells heal and rejuvenate naturally.

When can Results be Seen After Doing Light Therapy to Treat Hyperpigmentation?

Results can be seen after several treatments done per week. The level of skin improvement depends on how consistently you use red light therapy. Also, the more consistent and the more careful you are in the process, the better the results you can see. Be sure not to pick or touch the treated areas to avoid infection or irritation.

Conclusion

Light therapy, especially when combined with other treatment options, can greatly help remove hyperpigmentation. To learn more benefits of red light therapy, you may reach out to us. We offer safe and easy-to-use light therapy devices that physicians use both for aesthetic and medical purposes. Meanwhile, if you have more questions about hyperpigmentation, please reach out to your dermatologist.

More References

https://www.aocd.org/page/Hyperpigmentation#

https://www.healthline.com/health/hyperpigmentation

https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/hyperpigmentation-treatment

https://theskincareedit.com/red-light-therapy-benefits#:~:text=Red%20Light%20

The Benefits of Red Light Therapy in Treating Hypothyroidism

Thyroid issues are a commonplace problem that affects all ages and genders. It significantly contributes to changes in mental outlook, energy levels, skin, and weight. Hypothyroidism has drawn much attention due to many cases that are left undiagnosed, untreated, or inadequately treated. As a result, it led to more serious problems such as infertility, heart disease, neurological problems, and high cholesterol and blood pressure levels. Not to mention, treatment studies for hypothyroidism have experienced a significant backlog throughout the years.

In this article, we take a look at the basic precepts of hypothyroidism and how Red light therapy plays a role in treating the thyroid problem.

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a chronic abnormality of the thyroid gland, demonstrating an inadequacy of thyroid hormones such as triiodothyronine and thyroxine (T4). Normal levels of thyroid hormones stimulate a healthy amount of mitochondrial energy production. This means that in hypothyroid cases, the thyroid inhibits a state of low cellular energy.

As a result, people who suffer from this chronic problem often feel unusual fatigue, tiredness, weight changes, and skin problems. However, symptoms can vary from person to person and may even be subtle enough to be left undiagnosed and untreated. When left untreated, the disease causes more irreversible neurological, reproductive, and cardiovascular problems. It’s also found that Hypothyroidism is found to be five to eight times more prevalent in women than in men.

What Causes Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism can be caused by a wide range of diet and lifestyle issues. Some cases can be caused by a lack of iodine intake, especially in more underdeveloped parts of the world. It can also be caused by other dietary issues such as low carb intake, excess polyunsaturated fat intake, and alcoholism. Other typical causes include stress, aging, sleep deprivation, and heredity.

What is Light Therapy?

When talking about light, we often think of it as the first thing we switch on in a dark room or the bright rays that set up the mood. We don’t usually think of it as having bioactive properties, penetrating beneath our skin, affecting the way our hormones, tissues, and cells function.

In reality, our cells actually capture photons of light, just like how plants do. Light therapy, also called photobiomodulation, essentially means light (photo) changing (modulation) your biology (bio).

How Can Red Light Therapy Help Treat Hypothyroidism?

Red and near-infrared light therapy, backed by over 5,000 studies, has grown its significance in medicinal treatments throughout the years.

Red light therapy is significantly targeted for hypothyroidism because unlike other kinds of light; they have a greater penetrability beneath our skin.

In fact, a 2010 study found that 38% of patients with Hashimoto’s hypothyroidism who were given red light therapy treatments have reduced their medication dose, while 17% have been able to stop the medication completely.

Here’s how it works:

  1. It Supplies energy

Because hypothyroidism is reflective of low cellular energy in the thyroid, red and near-infrared light helps the cells work better by supplying more energy to your body.

They have a photoreceptor called cytochrome c oxidase that works by catching photos of light. Like how our food is being processed by our body for the mitochondria to stimulate energy, the photos of light also stimulate energy production in the mitochondria. The mitochondria are responsible for the energy production of our body’s cells.

  1. It Prevents Stress

Red light is also shown to prevent stress by averting nitrous oxide poisoning. This means that aside from helping the mitochondria supply more energy, red light helps the thyroid hormone by alleviating stress-related molecules' effects.

  1. It Breaks the Cycle

Hypothyroidism is a vicious cycle of having low energy availability and decreased thyroid hormone production. By stimulating energy production in the mitochondria and preventing nitrous oxide poisoning prevention, red light can potentially break the cycle responsible for hypothyroidism.

In Kaiyan Medical, we produce a medical-grade red light therapy device that is effective and non-invasive, ideal for supplementing hypothyroidism treatments. Our device has a dual optical energy technology that combines red light and infrared light therapy as an excellent spectrum for deeper penetration and absorption. You can now rise above hypothyroidism and maximize your body’s healing properties with our Red Light therapy device.

More References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247385/

https://drruscio.com/red-light-therapy-part-ii/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822815/

https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/treating-hypothyroidism


How Saunas and Red Light Therapy are Distinct but Complementing

Saunas and red light therapy devices are clinically-proven treatments that complement each other wonderfully, even if they depend on distinct biological mechanisms to yield various natural health and aesthetic benefits.

In this article, we’ll focus on how things work for red light therapy and the distinctions of traditional saunas, and what you can actually gain by availing of either of them.

What You Need to Know About Saunas

Saunas can make your body’s core temperature hotter by supplying sufficient heat throughout your body. It has been a part of traditional medicine for various centuries, as the old century folks realized the health benefits of sweating. Although there are multiple types of saunas, two of them are the most popular:

  1. Traditional Convection Saunas

When you think of saunas, this is the first scenario that comes to mind: hot and steamy. This type of sauna requires more energy as it delivers heat to the atmosphere, warming the air inside the sauna, and distributes heat in the body. Traditional convection saunas can maintain air temperatures between 170–200°F and are an ideal type of sauna for general use. It is important to comprehend the different temperatures required for specific health concerns since being exposed to heat more than what has required triggers a warning for unsubstantiated claims.

  1. Infrared Saunas

The latest trend in saunas is the infrared saunas. Inside, instead of warming the air, this kind of sauna heats actual objects. Such objects include those with emitting surfaces, charcoal, and carbon fiber. Infrared saunas' effectivity is directly attributed to the temperature, humidity, and length of time your body is exposed to heat, even though many saunas claim to provide “full-spectrum” infrared wavelengths.

The farther the wavelengths are in the infrared spectrum, the more they are considered efficient and effective in heat production. This will be thoroughly discussed later, but the general gist is that heat supplementation is the primary purpose of saunas, convection, and infrared.

On the other hand, near-infrared wavelengths in near-infrared saunas generate very little heat. Most of the high-quality standard saunas use more effective heats from the far-infrared spectrum or IR-C wavelengths.

What are the Health Benefits of Saunas?

Inducing thermal stress on the body is the primary function of every sauna, but what does it really mean?

One of many biological responses from sauna usage is increased heart rate as well as perspiration. The essential body processes protein metabolism and is also affected by enough heat. Heat shock proteins are a special kind of protein that responds specifically to cellular stress from heat. Heat stress induction leads to natural health benefits like those we gain doing physical activities.

One experiment had participants sat in a sauna treatment for 30 minutes at 194°F for 3 weeks, totaling 13 work sessions. The results showed that the participants improved 32% in performance tests versus those who underwent sauna treatments.

Besides improving your cardiovascular functions, using saunas can help reap benefits such as detoxication, decreased depression, and lesser chronic fatigue.

Red Light Therapy vs. Saunas

What differentiates saunas from red light therapy devices is their mechanism of action. While saunas utilize heat for biological effects, red light therapy devices supply healthy light wavelengths directly to the skin and cells. Even when producing almost no heat, red light therapy devices help with cellular function improvement and support bodily balance. Simply put, red light therapy helps energize the body with light, while saunas heat your body.

How does red light therapy work?

Mitochondria, the powerhouse of our cells, is wonderfully affected by certain wavelengths of natural light. This helps in producing energy within the cells of our body, feeding photons to our cells from natural light via red light therapy.

What about clinically-proven wavelengths?

We feel warm when exposed to sunlight and other heat sources such as fire and hot coals because most of the wavelengths, including ultraviolet (UV), are rapidly absorbed by the outer layers of the skin tissue as heat.

However, unknown to many, some wavelengths have the unique capability of boosting your cellular functions and energy. These are those few wavelengths that can penetrate human tissues more effectively, having photons power-up your “cellular batteries.”

What to Look for When Buying Red Light Therapy Devices and Saunas?

One of the first few things you need to look for in saunas is the temperature it produces. You need to consider some other factors, including the type of wood, the heating unit (Is it conventional or infrared? Is it near far or full-spectrum?), finishes and stains, price, and more.

On the other hand, some of the factors you need to consider when choosing a red light therapy device are the device’s light energy output, light color or frequency range in terms of nanometers, warranty, body or treatment coverage area, the price, and the credibility of the company provider.

Light Therapy and Saunas: Friends with Benefits

Saunas and red light therapy devices offer a wide range of natural health benefits, which surprisingly go well with each other. They both support balance and health to improve your fitness and function but do not overlap with each other’s effects because of energy supplementation in distinct forms and wavelengths. What a great combination of complementary natural therapies!

Here at Kaiyan Medical, we provide different types of red light therapy devices for various medical, wellness, and aesthetic uses. To see our list of products, click here.

References:

https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/saunas-and-your-health

https://www.healthline.com/health/fitness-exercise/are-saunas-good-for-you

Scoon GS, Hopkins WG, Mayhew S, Cotter JD. Effect of post-exercise sauna bathing on the endurance performance of competitive male runners. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2007 Aug.

Crinnion WJ. Sauna as a valuable clinical tool for cardiovascular, autoimmune, toxicant- induced and other chronic health problems. Altern Med Rev. 2011 Sep.



Let’s Talk About Optimal Performance Recovery and Red Light Therapy

Performance and recovery go hand in hand when training or doing physical activities, regardless if you’re an athlete or not. In fact, athletes and their trainers utilize light therapy to improve their performance and muscle health and optimize recovery. To expound further, this article will tackle optimizing performance in fitness, improving the recovery process, and breaking down the significance of light therapy.

Optimizing Performance and Improving Recovery

Optimizing performance means paying attention to the body and how it functions, to live and train the body, and to find the best way to support its functions. Performance is not based on how hard or heavy are the weights you lift or the number of kilometers you’ve run; it is how effective your performance is and how you match it with your lifestyle (with the way you eat, drink and sleep).

On the other hand, recovery is about the effectiveness of the body’s healing process and the conscious effort of being in your best shape by enhancing your workout. It is also about utilizing the body’s tools and functions to effectively finish the jobs required daily.

Physical Performance and Recovery

Performance and recovery are correlated to one another. In exercising or training, if you want to improve fitness, workouts should be consistent. To get stronger, faster, and bigger, certain efforts must be made to increase performance levels. The recovery process is essential in health. It contributes to the workout; it is the downtime between training sessions or a break due to an injury or a period of healing from any exhaustion experienced.

Breaks like cool-downs, rest, and ample time of sleep give your body time to recuperate. They also allow healing for the muscles and tissues affected, strained, or damaged from workouts or training.

Performance is better when recovery time from soreness or inflammation is maximized. It also helps prevent burnout, fatigue, and possible injuries. If recovery is not made right, your physical performance may not reach its optimal state. Some athletes and trainers even make a recovery a priority over training itself. They believe that when an athlete recovers better than their competition, they will train harder in the long run.

Recovery is for Everyone

Even if you are not an athlete, you should know how to let your body rest, heal, and recover properly from any form of injury or physical activity. Everyone has their own activity levels to maintain. It may not be sports-related, but everyone demands effort from their bodies on a day-to-day basis.

When Recovery is Not Prioritized…

Regardless if you are an athlete, your body has limits. And if you push too hard, the body can break down and perform worse, especially if you didn’t observe any recovery time. Overtraining and pushing the body beyond its limits can affect performance in the short term or long term. Chances of injury are higher when you don’t allow yourself to recover, and it may also affect hormonal levels and the function of the immune system. The body needs time to process inflammation or any injury.

Inflammation and the Importance of Recovery

Inflammation happens when the body responses to danger or strain. It often takes place during a strenuous workout. When exercising, inflammation may indicate muscular damage. And when a muscle is “damaged,” it means that the tissue is growing and undergoes repair to get stronger.

Experiencing inflammation is a normal part of the growth and repair of muscle tissues. However, if you won’t set aside time for recovery, your inflammation may worsen over time and lead to greater health consequences.

4 Easy Ways to Improve the Recovery Process

Here are some ways that can help you improve your body’s recovery process:

  1. Body awareness

The body speaks when it sends signals to the brain. Sometimes, we dismiss these signals because of training goals. This may eventually lead to fatigue and injury. When you experience pain or when your muscles are sore, it is important to give your body time to recuperate. You must also be aware of your heart rate, especially at rest, as it may be saying something about the state of your health.

  1. Getting enough sleep

Besides giving your body time to recuperate, deep sleep also allows the body to digest and process fat and recover from inflammation or damaged muscle tissues. It is harder for the body to recover from pain, strain, fatigue, and injury when you’re sleeping less than 7–8 hours per night. If you’re struggling with getting enough sleep, try doing meditation or speak with a doctor so he/she can advise you about developing a sleeping routine.

  1. Eating a balanced diet.

Getting the right amount of whole foods, good carbohydrates, protein, and good fat can also boost your performance and recovery. Lowering your intake of processed foods, alcohol, and sugary drinks can also help decrease inflammation.

  1. Aiming for balanced and healthy cells

The performance and recovery of our bodies depend entirely on our cells. When our cells are creating and using energy efficiently, our bodies recover faster. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) energy is released to give us power in what we do. The process of creating ATP energy works best when our body and cells are well-balanced, reaching a state called homeostasis.

Light Therapy, Performance, Healing, and Recovery

High-quality devices are now available in the market to help athletes and trainers enhance the body’s natural healing and recovery process through light therapy.

Light therapy is a non-invasive treatment that uses LED lights to deliver red and near-infrared light to the skin and cells. It promotes efficient cellular ATP energy production and helps restore the balance of cells and tissues. Light therapy can be done before or after a workout. Some even do it both times — before and after a workout, depending on their goals.

Pre-conditioning with light therapy before working out can also help strengthen muscle performance. It can limit muscle damage and strain, lessening the chances of inflammation or soreness. When used after a workout, it promotes the speedy recovery of muscles and accelerates its adaptability to exercise. It also helps the body process acute inflammation after physical activity.

The Relationship Between Light Therapy and Muscle Cells

Muscles are composed of millions of cells that need to release ATP energy to fulfill the body's jobs, balancing exercise and stress. Light therapy helps improve cellular ATP energy, glycogen synthesis, oxidative stress reduction, and protection against muscle damage from exercising. Light therapy also helps improve blood circulation and oxygen availability, which allows better healing and recovery. It helps with the overall improvement of physical performance and faster recovery times. It also helps limit fatigue from exercising and strength training.

Recover and Improve Your Performance with Light Therapy

As discussed, light therapy promotes faster healing and recovery and soothes cells under stress when doing strenuous workouts, incurring injuries, and experiencing inflammation. When you set aside time for recovery, you give your body and cells what they need to function, thus improving your overall performance.

At Kaiyan Medical, we offer high-quality light therapy devices to help you achieve and maintain your fitness and performance goals. If you have questions about our products and the brands we offer, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We will respond to you as soon as possible.

Red Light Therapy For Hair Loss

If you’re one of the 35 million men or 21 million women in the United States who are losing their hair, you know how hard it can be to slow down getting bald. Creams, pills, and other treatments are often touted as solutions, but even if they do work, they come with side effects. Meanwhile, hair loss takes a tremendous mental toll. Among the most common effects are diminished self-esteem and confidence, as you notice others wearing hairstyles you couldn’t possibly pull off. And while some people rock the bald look, it’s not for every guy suffering from male pattern baldness and it’s rarely an option for women.

If this sounds like you, red light therapy is worth a look. Red light therapy for hair loss is backed by research, is completely natural, and can slow–or in some cases, reverse–hair loss without disruptive side effects. If you’re curious how this is possible, what the most relevant studies say, and–more importantly–if it will work, this article is for you. From cellular growth to the proper how-to steps, read on to uncover how red light can help you get your hair back.

Why Do We Lose Hair?

According to the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery, almost half of men show noticeable hair loss by reading middle age. Surprisingly, the numbers are even higher among women: by the age of 60, nearly 80 percent of women show noticeable hair loss.

So, why do we lose hair? Briefly, losing hair helps us making room for new growth. A typical human will have up to 100,000 hairs on their head, and it’s only normal to lose 50–100 every day. After that, that causes get more complicated.

A few of the most common causes include:

Genetics

The most common cause of hair loss is hereditary hair loss or androgenetic alopecia. Male pattern baldness is characterized by M-shaped hair loss that begins at the temples and a bald spot in the back. It can begin as early as puberty or later in life. Female pattern baldness generally manifests as thinning on the head's top and crown, widening the center part but not affecting the front hairline.

Stress

Both acute and chronic stress contribute to hair loss in men and women. In acute stress, hair loss is often tied to a specific cause such as a sudden loss of a loved one, an accident, illness, or surgery; this hair loss may be temporary. Chronic stress, including job stress, relationship stress, and financial stress, also appears to accelerate hair loss.

Poor Nutrition

Specifically, inadequate protein intake affects hair follicles and contributes to hair loss. While over 40 million Americans are malnourished due to poverty, easy accessibility of junk food means that while many Americans get enough calories in their diets, they do not necessarily get the nutrition they need.

Red Light Therapy for Hair Loss


Given the side effects, cost, limited success, and ongoing hassles of these common hair restoration treatments, it makes sense to look at an alternative that is painless, non-invasive, has no side effects, and can actually enhance your health in a variety of different ways at the same time. Red light therapy is that option. Also red light therapy can help improve various other conditions, including joint pain from arthritis, sun damage, and nerve damage, to name a few. In fact, it can even treat one of the root causes of hair loss: thyroid problems.

What Is Red Light Therapy?


Red light therapy is a phototherapy that uses specific wavelengths of light to reduce inflammation, accelerate healing, and promote a healthy skin tone. Red light is part of the visible light spectrum (not to be confused with infrared light or ultraviolet light, invisible to the human eye) and is bioactive in humans. This means that our bodies respond to it beneficially in much the same way that plants respond to sunlight: by creating more energy at the cellular level.

Red light (also called low-level light therapy or LLLT) for hair loss was discovered somewhat by accident in the 1960s when mice were given chemotherapy. The chemotherapy-induced hair loss, but when the mice were irradiated with red light, the fur grew back thicker than before. Modern red light therapy works similarly, using high-power LEDs to saturate your body with wavelengths of therapeutic light. It typically uses visible light in various colors, but the red and infrared ranges are best for a wide variety of conditions, including hair loss. While sunlight provides a complete spectrum of wavelengths (including red light), it also contains harmful UVA and UVB wavelengths. Using the red light frequency alone has no side effects, such as burning or skin damage.


How Red Light Therapy Restores Hair


Red light is especially effective at treating hair loss; specifically, light in the 620nm (nanometer) to 660nm wavelengths work best. It works by increasing blood flow in the scalp; this stimulates the metabolism in hair follicles, resulting in more hair production.

You lose hair during hair loss but not the follicles–the tube-like formations that anchor hair to the skin. At the base of each follicle is the hair bulb (the whole thing looks somewhat like a tall vase). At the bulbous part of the vase are the papilla and the matrix; this is where hair begins to grow. We see as “hair” mostly a protein called keratin that makes up the hair shaft. When the hair follicles and the papilla and matrix cells are not functioning properly, they cannot support hair growth,, causing it to slow or cease altogether.

Red light penetrates the skin to the base of the hair follicles, stimulating the cells, papilla,, and matrix to produce more energy, which results in these cells replicating more successfully. This replication leads to new hair growth from these previously-dormant follicles. Red light also:

Stimulates Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) production, a coenzyme responsible for fueling cellular structures. Increases in ATP cause individual cells within the hair follicle to increase their activity, including the rate at which they replicate. Restoring the energy of the hair follicles' cellular structures means the papilla creates more keratin, which results in hair growth.

Increases collagen production. Hair is primarily made up of a protein called keratin. While collagen — another type of protein — isn’t present in hair, it acts as an antioxidant to fight damage caused by free radicals (compounds that develop in the body during stress, environmental pollutants, poor nutrition, etc.). Free radicals damage hair follicles, which contributes to their inability to grow hair. Increased collagen means less oxidative damage, which can lead to increased hair growth.

Increases the creation of new capillaries, which improves blood flow to the scalp and brings oxygen and nutrients to hair follicles,, and removes waste that can lead to hair follicle damage. One study linked improved blood flow to the growth of thicker, healthier hair. Barbers have long encouraged men to massage their scalps to increase blood flow, but increasing blood flow using red light is generally more effective.

Cases Where Red Light Does NOT Work

It’s important to note that while red light therapy is effective for many types of hair loss (especially alopecia or temporary hair loss due to hormonal imbalances or illness), it’s not effective 100% of the time. For example, hair loss due to chemotherapy will continue until the treatment is stopped. The same applies to hair loss due to the side effects of other medications. Also, any hair follicles that have been destroyed due to injury, surgery, burns, or other permanent injuries will not grow back. And remember, please see your doctor if you experience sudden or dramatic hair loss, which can signal a serious underlying condition. Red and Near-Infrared Light: a Potent Combination

More References

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30843235/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29957664/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29797431/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28328705/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25124964/

Blue Light Therapy for Acne: Does it Work?

Having acne-prone skin can be incredibly frustrating, especially when your oral and topical treatments don’t seem to work well enough. Skincare ingredient junkies know actives that target acne problems such as salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide can be a few of the most irritating ingredients that you can put on your skin- especially when used in hefty amounts.

If you’ve been wallowing into these-but to no avail, you might ease your frustrations by learning about what Blue Light Therapy can do to acne problems.

What is Blue Light Therapy?

Blue Light therapy is a form of phototherapy that uses a visible light device that has been used by dermatologists for decades as a clinically proven treatment for acne.

The treatment is considered a generally safe, non-invasive, and pain-free procedure with no downtime. Besides being a popular anti-acne treatment, Blue Light therapy has also been shown to remove stubborn acne marks and sunspots. It eliminates free radicals caused by exposure to harsh environments that may oxidize and age your skin.

One significant impact of Blue light therapy is that it has been used to treat skin cancer in patients with actinic keratoses at University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics. The American Academy of Dermatology considers Blue light therapy a promising treatment for numerous skin issues like acne.

How effective is Blue Light Therapy Work for Acne?

Blue light has been shown to have an antimicrobial effect that penetrates deep into the skin’s pores to eliminate the acne-causing bacteria, otherwise known as Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes. Blue Light has been proven to have an antimicrobial effect, making it an ideal treatment to effectively kill several types of bacteria in your pores and oil glands responsible for causing breakouts.

A clinical study shows that 77% of people with acne-prone skin treated with blue light therapy for five weeks have seen significant changes in their skin. Another research suggests that at-home blue light therapy has reduced acne lesions on people who have used the therapy for 28 days.

Unlike other topical treatments that address inflammation, blue light therapy targets breakout-causing bacteria in your pores and by healing the skin from within. Blue Light Therapy is a form of defensive treatment to acne by eradicating bacteria that causes redness and inflammation and a proactive solution to preexisting acne.

Who is a good candidate for Blue Light Therapy?

Experts at the American Academy of Dermatologists agree that blue light therapy works best for people who have mild to moderate acne problems. It is also a great treatment to eliminate acne scars. Blue light therapy works by addressing the acne issue from its core. It works by removing preexisting mild to moderate acne while preventing sebum build-up that causes the inflammation. Severely too deep abdominal cystic acne may benefit from other prescriptive medications that target more serious skin problems. People who incorporate Retinols in their skincare routine may also want to avoid getting Blue Light treatments as such ingredients make the skin very sensitive.

What Blue Light Devices should I use?

Although many dermatologists use current clinical studies, there are available at-home blue light therapy devices that effectively treat acne problems.

The best Blue Light Devices should be FDA- cleared, just like our Blue Lights Therapy Beauty Skin Complexion Handheld Device and Aduro Mask, that is made with medical-grade quality. FDA-cleared at-home devices have innovated into using the same technology that delivers satisfactory results for acne-related problems.

Blue Light therapy works best as a treatment for acne when used consistently. A weekly maintenance appointment to your dermatologist’s clinic for a blue light treatment may cost you $100, which makes it a much more expensive endeavor than investing in at-home devices.

Portable blue light therapy devices can be more beneficial for you as they can be used more frequently as an addition to your skincare routine at a lower price point.

The best blue light therapy devices in the market provide a safer alternative to other harsh treatments for acne that may require risks such as scarring and irritation. If you want to know more about effective light therapy treatments, check this out.

Now you can add a cool, avant-garde addition to your skincare that can be a very convenient and effective treatment for your stubborn acne problems.

References

https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/treatment-types/radiation/photodynamic-therapy.html
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319254
https://uihc.org/health-topics/blue-light-therapy-warding-skin-cancer
https://www.healthline.com/health/blue-light-therapy

Putting the Light on Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune inflammatory skin disease where the skin cells build up and form scales and itchy, dry patches over the surface. It is a misunderstood skin condition. The misbelief is that it not treatable and affects a particular gender or at a certain age. However, it can affect both men and women equally, and more than 5 million adults deal with this skin disorder — which is about 2% of the U.S. population.

Another common misconception is that it is contagious and can spread from one person to another. Well, Psoriasis is an immune system problem in which your immune system does not work as it should normally do.

Light Therapy: The Advanced Way

With some options available for Psoriasis, light therapy is one of the oldest, safest, effective, convenient, and highly preferred treatment by dermatologists. It has been widely used to treat stable psoriatic lesions, including different parts like the trunk, scalp, arms, and legs, and partial nail psoriasis. The treatment of light therapy is available in a variety of light with different mechanisms of action. Based on the bandwidths, the varied versions includes ultraviolet B (UVB), psoralen ultraviolet A (PUVA), pulsed dye laser (PDL), photodynamic therapy (PDT), intense pulsed light (IPL), light-emitting diodes (LED), etc.

How it Works

Light therapy has a very long history of dermatological benefits. Psoriasis happens when the skin cells there is an abnormal production of skin cells. Light therapy works by slowing down the excessive production of skin cells on the epidermis layer. This reduces plaque formation. It also reduces inflammation and limits the growth of skin cells by affecting the functioning of the DNA.

Many clinical studies and researches have displayed positive and effective result in the treatment of various types of Psoriasis like –

  • Small areas of stubborn, thick plaque psoriasis
  • Palmoplantar psoriasis (on hands and feet)
  • Nail psoriasis
  • Scalp psoriasis

Why do Dermatologists Prescribe Light Therapy?

Light therapy treatment can:

  • Slow down the growth of abundant skin cells
  • Repress the functioning of an overly active immune system
  • Reduce inflammation and allow the skin to heal itself
  • Reduce or eliminate the dry and itchiness

Light Therapy Mechanism

Light therapy can be delivered on any affected skin areas such as the hands or scalp, or across their whole body. But proper care and protection are given to the skin areas, such as the eyes and genitals, before treatment.

The treatment doesn’t work in on-go. Several sessions are required as the effect is gradually seen in patients. The treatment requires multiple sessions where the amount of light is gradually increased per session. The light exposure is not instant and varies for a different duration depending on the skin condition severity.

The sessions give proper time to heal the skin. Usually, the sessions go from two to three months. We need to understand the fact that every person’s skin reacts to light therapy differently. Hence, how much improvement one sees in their psoriasis symptoms and how long those benefits last depends totally on their system.

Now the time has changed, and technology has brought more convenience in getting the treatment. Kaiyan Medical provides you numerous products that you can use at your home and enjoy your daily activities without getting disturbed. Break the old and mainstream treatments and adopt effective light therapy to let your skin and life heal completely!

References:

The Effect of Green & Red Light Therapy on Hearing

Low-level laser therapy

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been practiced for over 20 years in Europe and has been introduced in the United States as a treatment for pain and postsurgical tissue repair. It has been proposed that laser energy in the red and near-infrared light spectrum may aid in the repair of tissue damage. A proposed mechanism for this therapeutic effect is the stimulation of mitochondria in the cells to produce more energy through the production of adenosine triphosphate.

Studies in humans have investigated the effects of LLLT on both hearing loss and tinnitus, with equivocal results. Some studies have found an improvement in hearing thresholds and tinnitus symptoms.

The Subjects

A total of 35 adult subjects were enrolled in the study. Two subjects withdrew from the study due to loss of interest and/or scheduling difficulty. The data from three additional subjects were not included in the analysis. One subject yielded unreliable audiometric and speech understanding data, speech scores could not be obtained from one subject with a profound hearing loss, and calibration problems compromised data from the third subject. Data from the remaining 30 subjects were included in the analyses. The experimental protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of The University of Iowa, and written informed consent was obtained from all participants.

The Device

An Erchonia EHL laser was used to provide the laser stimulation. The device was a portable unit that consisted of a hand-held probe and a main body. The probe contained two laser diodes. One diode produced light in the green part of the visible light spectrum (532 nm wavelength), and the other diode produced light in the red part of the visible light spectrum (635 nm wavelength). Both diodes produced energy levels of 7.5 mW (class IIIb). The laser beams from both diodes were dispersed through lenses to create parallel line-generated beams, rather than spots. A second Erchonia EHL device served as the placebo. It was identical to the treatment device, except that the laser diodes were replaced with nonfunctioning standard light-emitting diodes.

The Groups

The study used three groups: treatment, placebo, and control. Subjects were pseudorandomly assigned to one of the three groups.

Initial group assignment was random with occasional adjustment to ensure that the three groups were similar in terms of number of participants, female/male ratio, mean age of participants, and mean pure-tone audiometric thresholds. The treatment group received the laser treatment protocol using the functional laser device. The placebo group also received the laser treatment protocol, but using the nonfunctioning laser device. The control group made similarly timed visits to the laboratory but received no real or feigned “treatment.” The study used a repeated-measures design, with each subject taking a battery of pretests, followed by treatment followed by a battery of posttests.

Analysis

Data were obtained from both ears of each subject. Since no obvious differences were seen between left and right ears, data from both ears were combined in the following analyses. Strictly speaking, this likely violates the statistical assumption of independent sampling, since the test results from left and right ears of a single subject are likely to be highly correlated. None of the statistical tests used in the analyses are robust to the assumption of independent sampling, and the effect of including both ears is likely to be that of artificially increasing the sample size, making it more likely that a statistically significant result will be found. All statistical tests were conducted using a significance level of .

Conclusions

No statistically significant effect of LLLT on auditory function was found, as assessed by pure-tone audiometry, speech understanding, and TEOAEs in this test. Additionally, no individual subjects showed any clinically significant change. It remains possible that other methods of LLLT could have an effect on hearing. The type of device used was not the best one for this type of study. Further research elucidating the anatomic and physiologic bases for therapeutic effects of LLLT on hearing are needed before further clinical testing is warranted.

More References

Clinical Study | Open Access. Volume 2013 |Article ID 916370 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/916370

ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01820416)

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Why Hollywood Stars Love Light Therapy

Julia Roberts Uses LED Face Mask | PEOPLE.com
Julia Roberts using LED light therapy mask

From the red carpet to the spotlight stage, Hollywood’s stars are no strangers to the powerful power of light. Their skin is glowing thanks to the latest light-based skin treatment. Stars like Julia Roberts, Kate Hudson, and Jessica Alba have been sharing their experience with LED light therapy masks that are designed to boost collagen, reduce inflammation and banish acne-related bumps and scars.

In Kaiyan Medical we can develop your own beauty light therapy mask worth of the celebrities’ skin.

Kate Hudson using LED light mask
How it Works

These amazing light masks are recommended by dermatologists and estheticians who credit the masks’ multi-colored UV-free wavelengths with improving clients’ complexions.

“Tiny particles of light are called photons, which cells absorb and transform into ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the form of energy that cells use to carry out normal functions,”

says L.A.-based celebrity facialist Shani Darden.

“ATP is then used to power the metabolic process and repair and regenerate cells.”

In short, just like LEDs have been proven to encourage plant growth (what’s a greenhouse without a good grow light?), LEDs can have a similar stimulating effect on skin cells by jump-starting the rejuvenation process.

But not all lights are created equal. Different wavelengths of light have different benefits.

“Blue-light wavelengths destroy bacteria in the skin to improve acne,”

says Toronto-based cosmetic dermatologist Dr. Martie S. Gidon. It’s worth noting that LED therapy is not effective at treating hormonal acne and is only recommended for inflammatory acne — in other words, pimples caused by bacteria — and works best when paired with topical acne medication.

Anti-aging benefits

For anti-aging results, red light therapy is for you.

“Red-light wavelengths penetrate more deeply than blue light and stimulate fibroblasts to produce collagen, resulting in tighter skin and smooth fine lines,”

says Dr. Gidon, who also praises the red light’s anti-inflammatory effect for use post-facials and peels. Another light used in combination with the other two is infrared.

“It accelerates healing and encourages greater product absorption,”

says Shani who recommends clients use a combination of both blue/red light therapy and infrared.

Home LED masks have been growing in popularity, especially with the COVID restrictions. You can opt for flexible home masks for personal use or well, the spa line which packs more lights and cover a bigger zone. With so effective results, it’s no wonder stars like Michelle Williams and Rachel Weisz are opting to lay down inside LED beds in order to treat their entire bodies to the rejuvenating powers of the lights.

If you have question on how to create your own beauty mask, don’t hesitate in contacting us. We will guide you in the whole creative process.

More References


https://ca.hellomagazine.com/health-and-beauty/02017032134254/guiding-light

https://www.womansworld.com/posts/celebrities/julia-roberts-light-therapy-mask

When it Comes to Headaches, Light (Except Green Light) Triggers Pain

One of the Most Disabling Illnesses in the World

Migraines are considered one of the most disabling illnesses in the world,  most of whom are unable to function normally during a migraine. Migraines are much worse than the common headache - bringing on excruciating pain and other symptoms like dizziness, blurred vision, or vomiting.

Green light therapy lamps have been recommended by Harvard Medical School headache specialist Rami Burstein who found that light exacerbates migraines. Photophobia (extreme sensitivity to light) is associated with more than 80% of migraine attacks - but the green light in his research is different. He found that a narrow wavelength of green light is less aggravating than other colors because it sends a smaller, less disruptive signal to the brain via the visual cortex.

Stueids have been recording of dura- and light-sensitive thalamic neurons in rats to show that green activates cone-driven retinal pathways to a lesser extent than white, blue and red; that thalamic neurons are most responsive to blue and least responsive to green; and that cortical responses to green are significantly smaller than those generated by blue, amber and red lights.

"It became apparent that we should be able to use a narrow band of green light to treat photophobia," Burstein says.

Now patients could put their kids to bed, read a book, or enjoy a hearty meal with friends - instead of being isolated in darkness. Not only did green light fail to trigger pain, his research even found that it has a soothing effect.

Can Green Light Relieve Other Pain?

Padma Gulur, who does not work with Burstein, is looking into the possibility that green light might relieve other forms of pain besides migraines. Already one year into a clinical trial - testing the effects of green, blue, or white light on people's post surgery or fibromyalgia pain experience - Gulur says the data looks promising that green light therapy could provide benefit to those in pain. Gulur, a Duke University anesthesiologist, says that finding a way to reduce pain without drugs is essential, given the addictive nature and side effects of opioids and other pain relievers. Not only did green light fail to trigger pain, his research even found that it had a soothing effect.

"We have very few options that are safe, easy to comply with, and have an impact on the pain experience. So it was a quest for non-pharmacological options that could help patients in pain that led to looking at the potential for light-based therapy," she says

Mohab Ibrahim, an anesthesiologist at the University of Arizona, found that when rats were exposed to green light, they felt less pain - or, at least, they were able to tolerate more discomfort in the form of heat or pressure. Wondering which mattered more - the light washing over the skin or contacting the eyes - Irbahim created tiny, rat-sized contact lenses. He found that when rats were wearing the contact lenses, which let only green light through, they similarly showed less discomfort.

Green light exposure has been found to significantly reduce migraine intensity and discomfort from fibromyalgia. In Kaiyan Medical we can create your green light therapy device to treat migraine and other conditions.

More References

https://www.freethink.com/articles/green-light-therapy

https://allaylamp.com/blogs/light-reading/green-light-therapy

https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/statistics-from-the-national-health-interview-survey

https://sleep.med.harvard.edu/news/356/Green+Light+Affects+Circadian+Rhythm

Therapeutic and Aesthetic Uses of Blue & Red Light Therapy Together

Acne vulgaris remains one of the most common dermatologic disorders. Clinicians are always searching for new therapies to utilize in their therapeutic armamentarium for this common skin concern. We have many medical therapies at our disposal and these have proven useful in many cases in controlling the disease process. However, some patients need or want other therapies, and laser and light treatments for acne vulgaris have become popular over the past several years.

Regarding LED light therapy for the skin, “There is a science to support it” says Angela Lamb, director of the Westside Mount Sinai Dermatology Practice,

“but it’s important to know its limitations.”

Exposing your skin to different forms of low-level LED light does have anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory benefits, which is why they’re commonly used for treating redness or acne. Blue light therapy in the right wavelength can be FDA-cleared.

Light Therapy with Aduro Mask

Other blue light trials have supported the efficacy of blue light. Papageorgiou described their experiences with phototherapy comparing a mixed blue and red light system (415 and 660nm) with blue light therapy alone and white light therapy. The results showed that the combination of blue and red light decreased inflammatory acne vulgaris lesions by 76 percent versus 58 percent in the blue light alone group, which were both better than white light (25%). Meffert reported experiences with a high-energy, broad-spectrum, blue light source that combined blue light and UVA with a wavelength of 410 to 420nm and noted marked improvement in patients with pustular acne vulgaris after 10 treatments.

There are a variety of at-home light treatments out there like the Aduro mask (which is patented with medical grade quality) who uses red, orange, purple, infrared, cyan, blue,green and yellow light — but typically what you’ll see on shelves are ones harnessing blue or red light . Blue light is a shorter wavelength that destroys acne-causing bacteria on the skin’s surface, while red light penetrates deeper to help with inflammation, but Hooman Khorasani, the chief of the division of Dermatologic and Cosmetic Surgery at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, says that both blue- and red-light therapy “may reduce the size of the sebaceous glands, so you don’t produce as much oil.”

Blue & Red Light Therapy

The good thing about light therapy is that experts say that there aren’t really downsides if you’re willing to give it a shot. Light treatments have been shown to be relatively safe, with minimal side effects. For acne, Khorasani notes that LED devices won’t take the place of acne fighters like retinoids; instead, they should be used in concert with a multipronged treatment plan — and never for severe acne. If you are combining them with retinoids, Lamb also suggests alternating the days you use either of them, to avoid photosensitivity.

When you combine the blue and red light using the aduro mask, you can get a pink/purple amazing color that will help remove the p-acne causing bacteria from the skin while purifying and cleansing it. Also, you will speed up the healing process and rejuvenate the skin cells increasing the cell regeneration.

More references

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/pdf9/K093963.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3013592

Sigurdsson V, Knulst AC, van Weelden H. Phototherapy of acne vulgaris with visible light. Dermatology. 1997;194:256–260. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Taub AF. Photodynamic therapy in dermatology: history and horizons. J Drugs Dermatol. 2004;3:S8–S25. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Gold MH, Goldman MP. 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy: where we have been and where we are going. Dermatol Surg. 2004;30:1077–1083. discussion 1083-1084. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Touma DJ, Gilchrest BA. Topical photodynamic therapy: a new tool in cosmetic dermatology. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 22;2003:124–130. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Healing Muscular Pain with Light Therapy

Light Therapy Healing Muscular Pain

When it comes to pain, we could hardly avert it! Especially the muscle pain. Given that the human body has over 600 muscles, it is tough to avoid muscle pain. Evidently, one out of three Americans is affected by muscle pain annually.

Not only this, Musculoskeletal pain affects around 116 million Americans, which results in poor productivity, missed work or school, fatigue, and lost interest in work.

But doesn’t we treatments for this chronic pain? Of course, we do have several options. Currently, therapies available consist of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid injections, pain medications, and surgery. Each of these has its own specific risk profiles.

What we need now is an effective solution that is less time-consuming, low risk, safe and non-invasive, and yet cost-effective. All these features are available in treatment; we call Low Laser Light Therapy (LLLT). Light therapy has been in the medical field over the past forty years. Light therapy has been demonstrated to lessen inflammation and edema, promote healing in a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. LLLT is being accepted around the globe. This is an advanced, cost-effective, non-invasive therapy for pain that could elevate the quality of life while reducing your financial strains. The causes of muscular pain are numerous. Hence, LLLT helps people from all fields like sports, fitness, medical, and even old age.


Mechanism of LLLT

In this process, light with a wavelength in the red to the near-infrared region of the spectrum (660nm–905nm) is employed on the skin surface. The reason for using these wavelengths is that they have the ability to penetrate the skin and soft/hard tissues. From various conducted clinical trials, this treatment is proven to have a good effect on pain, inflammation, and repairing of the tissues. The therapy goes from 30 to 120 seconds or more a week, depending upon the pain's severity.

Based on the tissue condition, the therapy can go on for weeks or months. LLLT has resulted in relief and reduction of inflammation, pain relief, and accelerated tissue regeneration.

But how does the light actually work?

LLLT in the Treatment of Pain

Do you know that many acute orthopedic conditions such as strains, sprains, muscular back pain, frozen shoulder, neck and back pain, etc., are amenable to Low Laser Light Therapy (LLLT)?

The Infra-Red light relieves pain in a different section of the body and increases relaxation sensation while also comforting the muscles. LLLT has been shown to enhance the multiplication of cells like fibroblasts, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, and lymphocytes. Fibroblasts and keratinocytes are two major cell types that respond to the inflammatory phase in the repair/regeneration process.

LLLT can enhance neovascularization, promote angiogenesis, and increase collagen synthesis to succor in the healing of acute and chronic wounds. The LED light sessions have shown the ability to heal skin, nerves, tendons, cartilage, and bones. Low-intensity LLLT stimulates mitochondria and also enhances the mitochondrial membrane potential.

The peripheral nerve endings of nociceptors (also known as the pain receptors), consisting of the thinly myelinated and unmyelinated, slow-conducting C fibers, lie within the epidermis. This complex network converts harmful stimuli into action potentials. Moreover, these nerve endings lie on the surface or superficial in nature, making the LLLT wavelength penetration work easy.


Hence, with the rise of chronic pain in different countries, it is imperative to validate cost-effective and safe techniques for managing painful conditions, allowing people to live active and productive lives. Light therapy is constantly evolving in relieving muscular pain. It improves the muscle's endurance, reduces muscle soreness, joint pain, and inflammation.

It’s time to let go of the pain!!

Experience the difference with light therapy from Kaiyan Medical.

More References:

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12605431/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27472858/

https://arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s13075-015-0882-0

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0004951414601276?via%3Dihub

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4743666/

Treating Glaucoma with Green Light Therapy

According to the National Eye Institute, glaucoma is the third leading cause of blindness in the U.S cataracts and macular degeneration rank first and second, respectively. There are an estimated 2,218,000 patients who suffer from glaucoma (approx. 1 in 136 or 0.74%).

What is Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve often caused by an abnormally high pressure the eye (also called IOP, intra-ocular pressure). It is one of the leading factor for blindness. It can occur at any age but is more common for people over the age of 60. The vision loss due to glaucoma can't be recovered and many forms of glaucoma have no warning signs at an early stage, so it is important that we do regular eye exam or get prevention as early as possible.  

Currently, there are 3 Keys that allow for a more accurate diagnosis of glaucoma:
An elevation of intraocular pressure
Changes in the optic nerve
• Peripheral field loss

Diagnosis

Your doctor will review your medical history and conduct a comprehensive eye examination. He or she may perform several tests, including:

  • Measuring intraocular pressure (tonometry)
  • Testing for optic nerve damage with a dilated eye examination and imaging tests
  • Checking for areas of vision loss (visual field test)
  • Measuring corneal thickness (pachymetry)
  • Inspecting the drainage angle (gonioscopy)
Medical Treatment

The damage caused by glaucoma can't be reversed. But treatment and regular checkups can help slow or prevent vision loss, especially if you catch the disease in its early stages.  Glaucoma is treated by lowering your eye pressure (intraocular pressure). Depending on your situation, your options may include prescription eyedrops, oral medications, laser treatment, surgery or a combination of any of these.

However, the method of treatment of glaucoma is mainly of medication, which can lower the intra-ocular pressure, but also many medication would also block aqueous production. It is similar to the condition that a patient with hypertension taking medications to decrease the production of blood to reduce the blood pressure. That is harmful to the eye health.

In Singapore, the mean direct cost of glaucoma treatment with glaucoma medications alone per patient over 10 years was SGD 2042.47 (± 2078.54) or US$1,592.86 (±1620.99), while the mean cost of surgery was SGD 8038.75 (± 2829.4) or US$6,269.18 (± 2206.56) and laser was SGD 1163.63 (± 532.9) or US$907.48 (± 415.59).

Green light therapy is way cheaper and can lead to great results


Green Light Treatment

One of the biggest advantage of light therapy is that there is no side-effect like medication and it can be used at an early stage for prevention.

Scientists and researchers first began to study light therapy in the treatment of glaucoma in 1948. According to R. B. Zaretskaya, MD’s research, published in American Journal of Ophthalmology, it shows that, while the red light has a pressure raising effect, the effects of green light are greater than white light even at a higher brightness. So, green light should be considered a therapy for the reduction of intra-ocular pressure in glaucoma.

The following important experiment was done by R. B. Zaretskaya, MD, also published in the American Journal of Ophthalmology, showed that eye pressure was lowed for patients wearing green spectacles, also with fluctuation of eye pressure decreasing. These patients were required to a 10 minute exposure of green light with an intensity of 1.4 lux. Pressures were then measured at every half hour until pressures returned to baseline.

The conclusion indicates that green light (mu delta) has a pressure lower affect in the majority of patients 82% and the average pressure lower affect was 5 mm Hg and this effect persisted for 4 hours after a brief 10 minute exposure.  

The second article also by R. B. Zaretskaya, MD, which was published in the American Journal of Ophthalmology 1948 31: 985-989 refers about 19 patients that were studied and pressures were determined 3 times a day. Once at 7:00 AM (still in bed), 1:00 PM and then between 7:00 and 8:00 PM. Medications were withheld for a day or two and then green spectacles were given on the second day for full time wear. The spectacles were a hue corresponding to 511 nm and a daylight transparency of 21%. In a certain number of cases, the green spectacles were combined with a greatly reduced strength of pilocarpine. One group had a combination of green glasses and adrenalin (1:1,000) which was also made to test Kravkov’s statement that the installation of adrenalin might increase the eyes sensitivity to green.

Results of this study showed that IOP showed a pronounced tendency to decrease in patients wearing green spectacles.  The fluctuation of IOP during the day was also found to decrease in patients wearing green glasses.  There was an appreciable effect when the use of green spectacles was combined with very small dosages of pilocarpine (0.5 percent).  20 out of 25 eyes had an expressed decrease in IOP as well as a decrease in fluctuations. The pressures decreased by  6.0 mm Hg in 8 cases, 10 mm Hg in 9 cases and 10 mm Hg and more in 3 cases. The results were more striking when combined with small dosages of adrenalin.

Conclusions:
Green spectacles prescribed with a total withdrawal from Pilocarpine produces a decrease in IOP
The affects are most pronounced when used with the administration of small doses of adrenalin
• Mechanism of action is proposed to be on the color receptors of the human eye
• Green light brings about a definite arrangement in the autonomic nervous system and thus affects the neurovascular system of the eye

How to Do a Green Light Therapy Treatment?

Consistency and proper use is key for effective green light therapy. For optimal results with a high-quality device like the ones in Kaiyan, follow these basics for general wellness benefits:

  • Expose your eyes for best results
  • 10-minute treatment each time
  • Daily use is ideal
  • Any time of day
The Future for Green Light and Glaucoma

As we also know that green light could also treat migraine as well as glaucoma, and both migraine and glaucoma are disease of nerve, we may want to know is there connection between these two illness, both of which would cause the pain in the front part of our brain. Hope future research would find out.

References

Conference speech presented at the International Syntonic Light Conference held in St. Pete Beach, Fl , April 28th – May 1st

https://www.healingtheeye.com/Articles/Syntonic_Light_Therapy_Glaucoma.html

https://www.healingtheeye.com/Articles/AJO_IOP_%20light.pdf

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glaucoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372846#:~:text=Glaucoma%20is%20treated%20by%20lowering,combination%20of%20any%20of%20these.

https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2360086#:~:text=The%20mean%20direct%20cost%20of,US%24907.48%20(%C2%B1%20415.59).

R. B. Zaretskaya, MD. Intraocular Pressure of Normal and Glaucomatous Eyes as Affected by Accessory Light Stimuli. American Journal of Ophthalmology 1948 – 31-721-727.

The Key for Better Sex - Red Light Therapy

The famous fitness coach Ben Greenfield uses red light naked every morning. He flips a switch, flooding the room with a bright red glow. Then he stands naked in the red light for 20 minutes.

“It seems to like, wake you up a little bit; it kind of simulates sunrise,” Greenfield tells. “And it’s almost mildly addictive — the feel-good effect of how you feel after you use one of these.”

Greenfield, a 39-year-old fitness instructor, is an evangelist for red light therapy, a treatment that’s increasingly popular in the world of sports, beauty, and biohacking. Some converts to red-light therapy treatment soak in the ruddy glow for a very personal reason.

Red Light for Testosterone
Red Light Therapy

Light therapy has been for hundreds of years. Recently, we can trace it back to 1967 with Hungarian scientists, red light therapy, scientifically known as photobiomodulation or low-level laser (light) therapy, has made a comeback in the last two decades.

Michael Hamblin, a researcher at Massachusetts General Hospital and professor at Harvard Medical School, explains in a 2017 research paper on the topic that the treatment was confined to a “SCIENTIFIC WASTELAND,” and widely considered “SNAKE OIL.”

But recent studies suggest red-light therapy can improve skin quality, addictions, pets’ mood, sleep quality, depression, muscle recovery, and relieve pain.

Indeed, some studies suggest light therapy stimulates mitochondria, a.k.a. the “powerhouse” of a cell, and increases the production of adenosine triphosphate, the organic chemical that carries energy in the body and plays a big role in metabolism.

Bio-hacking yourself

In Kaiyan Medical, we are on a constant quest to optimize our brains and bodies. Some studies have actually demonstrated that exposing the torso or the testes to light can potentially increase testosterone. In fact, studies on the effects of light on the testes go way back to 1939, when researchers exposed various parts of men’s bodies to UV light. They found that men’s testosterone levels went up by 120% when the participants’ chests were exposed to UV light, and they went up by 200% with UV exposure to the genital area.

Sunlight exposure directly to the testes reportedly has an even more profound effect, boosting production in Leydig cells (the cells that produce testosterone) by an average of 200%

The theory is this: while sunlight has many beneficial effects, such as vitamin D production and improved mood, it is not without its downsides. Too much exposure to sunlight, particularly to sensitive areas like the skin around your precious ball sac, can create sunburn, excess radiation, inflammation and damage. And let’s face it: you don’t want a shrunken, shriveled, dehydrated dick, no matter how impressive the tan.

Red light, however, is different than sunlight. Red light is comprised of light wavelengths in the range of 600–950 nanometers (nm). According to red light therapy proponents, red light works to stimulate ATP production, increase energy available to the cell and in particular, increase the activity of the Leydig cells in your testes, which are the cells responsible for testosterone production.

Optimizing Sex

In the last five years, light therapy researchers and red-light therapy companies set their sights on men like Greenfield — the guy who gets naked every morning in his home office.  “The impact of [low-light therapy] on sexual health is an emerging field, but I see its potential to improve sexual function and libido with recent studies,” Hamblin says. “It has been shown to improve sperm function and may have applications in increasing fertility in both men and women.”  Research on sexual health applications of red-light therapy is relatively minimal in men, and basically nonexistent for women. A few studies in animals suggest red light therapy might influence LEYDIG CELLS — the body’s sperm producers, which live in the testicles. Another study in humans suggests red light therapy can increase testosterone levels and sexual satisfaction.

Don't let the fear defeat you

Sexual health issues — from “low T” to erectile dysfunction — can be challenging to treat because of the social stigma, Goldstein explains. There’s a “fear,” the urologist says. Many men are ashamed and avoid seeing a doctor.  “If they can get something over the counter that's purported to help them, millions of men will be willing to try it and maybe they would never buy it again,” Goldstein tells.  “Good advertising and good marketing will create a market for a product, whether it's proven to be of value or not.”  

Reduce Infertility

One of the biggest concerns for those who suffer from Low-T is infertility. Several studies show that red light therapy helps increase sperm motility, which is essential for successful impregnation. In 2017, researchers from the University of California, San Diego, found that sperm exposed to 630nm red light increased sperm swimming speed and force.

A similar study by researchers from Iran found an after exposing sperm to an 830nm NIR light device. Sperm motility is associated with cellular energy; more energized sperm will swim with greater vigor. This is a vital component of male reproductive health, and success in improving sperm motility points to the use of red light therapy as a way to treat male infertility.

Red Light for Testosterone
Feeling like a super hero

On top of using red light, both Greenfield and Wiles eat healthy, work out regularly, and practice stress-management techniques. Which habit, or a combination of each, helps them “optimize” their sex life or their physical health isn’t clear.

Even though the research doesn’t match their claims — yet— Greenfield and Wiles have no intention of slowing down.  “Before I go and give a presentation or if I'm giving a lecture or even if I'm just seeing a patient in clinic, I'll go ahead and throw that thing on and I will feel like a million bucks," Wiles says. "I’ve noticed increased overall sexual health, sexual satisfaction, and stamina."  Recently, Greenfield has been shining the light for one very specific reason: He and his wife are trying for a baby.  “Sometimes if I know I've got like a date night with my wife or we're going to have sex that night, I'll wait until the evening to do the treatment because the immediate effects are even better, especially the blood flow," Greenfield says.  "Erectile quality is just better right after you use it.”

More References

https://platinumtherapylights.com/blogs/news/red-light-therapy-for-boosting-testosterone

https://www.inverse.com/mind-body/red-light-therapy#:~:text=A%20few%20studies%20in%20animals,testosterone%20levels%20and%20sexual%20satisfaction.

The Sleeping Beauty Secret: The Red Light Therapy

Lack of sleep is a villain in America and Europe. Light intake is a big part of the problem. Over 65% of adults say they don’t get enough good sleep every week. Most people also don’t get nearly enough natural light for optimal health: the average American spends over 90% of their time indoors.

In addition to not getting enough natural light, people today are surrounded by artificial blue light from screens and overhead lighting. An overload of artificial blue light can cause headaches and make it harder to get to sleep and stay asleep. When we take in all that bright blue light from laptops, TVs, and phones, especially before we go to bed, our bodies get the signal that it's time to be awake, even if we're tired.

Melatonin is the naturally-occurring hormone that regulates sleep and wakefulness. Emerging research is showing that red light therapy treatments can help people produce more of their own, natural melatonin than exposure to other light sources like blue light. Red light therapy is natural light. It’s much less bright than blue light, with a lower color temperature than daytime sun, as the image above shows. Research has shown that red light doesn’t upset your sleep cycle like bright blue light. Red light therapy is showing great clinical results for people with insomnia and sleep disorders.

The light therapy is a simple, non-invasive treatment that delivers concentrated natural light to your skin and cells. Clinical research is showing that red light therapy can improve sleep quality and duration, and help people produce more of their own melatonin.

Light plays a major role in your sleep cycle. The body’s circadian clock interprets light as a sign of when to sleep and when to be awake. Artificial blue light from phones, computers, and other screens is extremely bright and can knock your circadian rhythm out of whack. Red light has the opposite effect: it’s ideal for evenings because it has a low color temperature—far lower than blue light and much closer to the natural sunset.

Red light therapy treatments are quick and simple: you just sit or stand in natural light for 5 to 15 minutes, ideally every day. This stimulates your mitochondria and gives your cells the natural light they need to make energy.

How Does Red Light Therapy Help You Sleep?

Natural light is a key ingredient for a healthy circadian rhythm and restful sleep. If you struggle to sleep, your light intake could be a big factor. Red light therapy delivers natural light like you’d get from the sun, but without UV rays, excess heat, or the need for sunny weather.

Red light therapy treatments supercharge your cells with the natural light they need to make more core ATP (adenosine triphosphate) energy. This helps your body run more efficiently, heal faster, and has shown great results for producing more natural melatonin and improving sleep disorders like insomnia.

Red light therapy treatments have shown great sleep results in a range of peer-reviewed clinical studies. One study on the sleep of pro basketball players showed that a 2-week course of red light therapy in the evening improved players’ sleep quality in the short term. Based on the results, the researchers suggested red light therapy would be a good non-invasive, drug-free solution to sleep struggles.

Overcoming Sleep Disorders with Red Light Therapy

Kaiyan's light therapy products are registered with the FDA as class II medical devices for the treatment of pain, strain, and inflammation. While the existing clinical research has been very positive for red light therapy and sleep, keep in mind that Kaiyan's devices are not cleared with the FDA for the treatment of various sleep disorders or melatonin.

Recent research on sleep disorders among people with migraine headaches has shown that red light therapy both decreased headache frequency, and was the only treatment that improved patients’ sleep disorders.

A 2014 study on cognitive function and traumatic brain injury (TBI) recorded that participants had significantly decreased episodes of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and improved sleep.

Analyzing patients’ electrical brain activity, a 2013 sleep study concluded that red light therapy was especially effective at helping people with sleep disorders fall asleep.


When I’m indoors training under the buzz of artificial lights, my body doesn’t get the natural light it needs. Add computers, cell phones, televisions, etc. and it’s easy to overload yourself with blue light. I used to have trouble sleeping after long training days, but since adding more natural light to my routine with red light therapy, I’ve been falling asleep as soon as I lie down, and I’ve been staying asleep all night.*

Sanne Wevers

Gold-Medal Winning Dutch Gymnast

Red Light Therapy, Sleep, Depression, and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Research is showing how closely mood and sleep disorders are interconnected. Parts of the brain that regulate sleep have also been found to closely affect mood. A 2013 review concluded that “nearly all people suffering from mood disorders have significant disruptions in circadian rhythms and the sleep/wake cycle.”

This Greatist post on natural light and serotonin gives good background on the connections between natural light intake, mental health, and sleep. It also mentions using Kaiyan's red light therapy devices to get more natural light, even when you can’t get more sunlight.

Trouble sleeping is one of the most common symptoms of seasonal affective disorder, a type of depression most common in the darker winter months. Some physicians treating patients with mental health disorders have said red light therapy both improves mood, and helps people with depression get better sleep.

Sources and References:

Morita T., Tokura H. “ Effects of lights of different color temperature on the nocturnal changes in core temperature and melatonin in humans” Journal of Physiological Anthropology. 1996, September

Lirong Z., Phyllis Z. “Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders” Neurologic Clinics. 2012, November.

Color Temperature

The State of Sleep Health in America.

Klepeis N., Nelson W., et al. “The National Human Activity Pattern Survey (NHAPS): a resource for assessing exposure to environmental pollutants”. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 2001.

Sheppard A and Wolffsohn J. “Digital eye strain: prevalence, measurement and amelioration.” BMJ Open Ophthalmology. 2018 April.

Gooley, J., Chamberlain, K., Smith, K., Khalsa, S., et al. “Exposure to Room Light before Bedtime Suppresses Melatonin Onset and Shortens Melatonin Duration in Humans” J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Mar.

Hamblin M. “Mechanisms and applications of the anti-inflammatory effects of photobiomodulation”. AIMS Biophys. 2017.

Zhao J., Tian Y., Nie J., Xu J., Liu D. “Red light and the sleep quality and endurance performance of Chinese female basketball players” Journal of Athletic Training. 2012, November-December.

Loeb LM, Amorim RP, et al. “Botulinum toxin A (BT-A) versus low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in chronic migraine treatment: a comparison.” Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria. 2018 Oct;76(10):663-667.

Naeser MA, Zafonte R, et al. “Significant improvements in cognitive performance post-transcranial, red/near-infrared light-emitting diode treatments in chronic, mild traumatic brain injury: open-protocol study.” Journal of Neurotrauma. 2014 Jun 1;31(11):1008-17.

Wu JH, Chang YC. Effect of low-level laser stimulation on EEG power in normal subjects with closed eyes. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013; 2013:476565.

Vadnie C, and McClung C. Circadian Rhythm Disturbances in Mood Disorders: Insights into the Role of the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus. Neural Plasticity. 2017 November.

McClung C. How might circadian rhythms control mood? Let me count the ways. Biological Psychiatry. 2013 April.

Nutt D, Wilson S, et al. Sleep disorders as core symptoms of depression. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. 2008 September.

Avci P, Gupta A, et al. Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring. Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery. Mar 2013.

Sunlight & Light Therapy, Allies, or Foes?

For thousands of years, people have used sunlight as a means to aid health and even cure illness. But the concept has gone in and out of favor over the course of time.

Some of the logic related to sunlight began in China around 6,000 BC. At that time, Chinese architects began building homes to face south so that the sun would heat the interior, a practice that continues even today. While windows were likely no more than a gap in the wall at the time, you can still imagine families gathering around to soak up the light and heat. Finally, the trend of solar-heated homes began to catch on in Greece and even Rome. Learn more about solariums.

Then, in the 1900s, research by Augusta Rollier led to the establishment of solaria — buildings designed to optimize exposure to sunlight — throughout Switzerland for the express purpose of sunbathing, which provided impressive results for fighting tuberculosis, smallpox, lupus, and even chronic diseases like arthritis.

But by the middle of the 20th century, the American Cancer Society began demonizing sun exposure as a significant cause of skin cancer.

However, doctors, scientists, and clinical research is demonstrating that consistent exposure to sunlight is actually a critical component of overall health.

Almost all life on earth needs sunlight for many essential functions. It’s hard to ignore its importance for our emotional and physical health as well. We did not evolve in the darkness. The fact that our bodies use UV wavelengths to produce vitamin D has been well established. Read more about vitamin D here.

Is Sunlight Dangerous?

Several recent studies have come to the conclusion that consistent sunlight exposure actually reduces the chances of getting melanoma, and instead increases the survival rate. Also, throughout the ages, regardless of their geographical location, large groups of people have been exposed to nearly continuous sunlight. We evolved having sunlight.

So why did the melanoma epidemic not hit until the 1970s? And if sunscreen is the solution, why have melanoma rates increased over 200% since 1973 — even while the U.S. sunscreen industry has expanded from $18 million in 1972 to around $2 billion today? It’s hard to believe that sunlight was the major problem, nor sunscreen the solution.

A recent review of many such studies published in the European Journal of Cancer Prevention concluded that “there is accumulating evidence for sunlight as a protective factor for several types of cancer.”[5] Sadly, many people still live under the incorrect premise that sunlight is damaging and harmful.

The reality is that we have become so disconnected from natural sunlight that our bodies aren’t equipped to handle its under-appreciated benefits. You may be surprised to learn that as your body gets sunlight in the morning, you can actually prepare your cells for the effects of UV light later in the day. And amazingly, the wavelengths in evening sunlight have a natural repairing effect. That’s because red and infrared wavelengths, which are delivered in higher concentrations in the morning and evening, have the unique ability to boost mitochondrial function. This, in turn, enables our cells to both withstand the stresses — and harness the benefits — of UV light. In addition, exposure to sunlight as the seasons change allows our skin to develop a tan, which also forms a natural protection against the stronger UV wavelengths during the summer months.

So the evidence suggests that sunlight might not be the bad guy, after all, we just need to develop a better understanding of how sunlight affects our bodies, and how to harness its potential to improve our health.

The Benefits of Receiving Sunlight

Our retinas are connected directly to the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus gland, which acts as the master circadian pacemaker of the body. Because of this, light received through your eyes plays a critical role in hormonal functions including melatonin production, which regulates our sleep. Quite literally, your body knows to shut off this hormone through exposure to morning sunlight. This type of exposure early in the day also helps produce melatonin later in the evening, when light is absent. Even more amazing, the hypothalamus gland, which is controlled by light, is responsible for controlling body temperature, thirst, hunger, and emotional activity — in addition to regulating your hormones and circadian rhythm!

Dopamine is another chemical that is regulated by light and released in the brain. It functions as a neurotransmitter and is closely tied to the emotions of reward and pleasure. In fact, many addictive drugs increase dopamine neuronal activity. Not surprisingly, studies have demonstrated that light exposure is tied to increased dopamine production. So it’s clear that light received through our eyes plays a much more powerful role than most of us realize.

How You Can Benefit from More Light

Getting as much natural sunlight as possible is clearly important. For example, receiving morning sunlight correctly sets your circadian rhythm. However, nowadays, most of us find it challenging to spend hours in the sun — at the right time of day — on a regular basis. Our busy schedules just don’t allow for more time in the sun. In fact, it’s estimated that Americans spend more than 90% of their time indoors.

Because this is the case for most of us, a great way to receive the healthy wavelengths of light is by using a light therapy device. One way to think of red light therapy is as a supplement for your health. Dietary supplements help fill out the vitamins your body needs, and regular red light therapy sessions help fill in the lack of natural light our bodies need.

There are many proven benefits of receiving certain wavelengths of natural sunlight directly through our skin and bodily tissues. One aspect that has received little attention is related to the cellular processes affected by certain wavelengths of light.

Researchers in the field of light therapy, or photobiomodulation (PBM), have discovered some incredibly powerful functions derived from wavelengths of light in the optimal window. Improved mitochondrial function, which impacts virtually all cellular metabolic activity, has been widely demonstrated to improve health in a number of ways — including enhanced muscle recovery, reduced inflammation, increased testosterone, and better overall skin health.

In addition to these clinically-proven benefits, several studies have demonstrated that certain wavelengths of light can increase blood flow and assist in the formation of new capillaries. Dr. Gerald Pollack explores this concept in more detail in his award-winning book, The Fourth Phase of Water.

In conclusion, scientists are really just beginning to understand the crucial role that light plays in our overall health. But recent evidence strongly suggests that exposing our bodies to the right kind of light can lead to some wonderful benefits.

Scientific Sources and Medical References:

Woloshyn, T. (2011). Our Friend, the Sun: Images of Light Therapeutics. [eBook] Osler Library of the History of Medicine. Available at: https://www.mcgill.ca/library/files/library/osler-ourfriendsun.pdf.

Melanoma Stats, Facts, and Figures [Web Log Post]. Available at https://www.aimatmelanoma.org/about-melanoma/melanoma-stats-facts-and-figures.

Sunscreen Report. [eBook] Available at: https://finalstepmarketing.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Sunscreen-Market-Analysis.pdf.

Berwick, M., et al. Sun Exposure and Mortality From Melanoma. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Feb 2;97(3):195–9.

van der Rhee H, Coebergh JW, de Vries E. Sunlight, vitamin D and the prevention of cancer: a systematic review of epidemiological studies. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2009 Nov;18(6):458–75.

Avci, P, et. al. Low-level (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2013 Mar;32(1):41–52.

Cawley, EI, et al. Dopamine and light: dissecting effects on mood and motivational states in women with subsyndromal seasonal affective disorder. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2013 Nov;38(6):388–97.

Ihsan FR. Low-level laser therapy accelerates collateral circulation and enhances microcirculation. Photomed Laser Surg. 2005 Jun;23(3):289–94.

Klepeis NE, Nelson WC, Ott WR, et al. The National Human Activity Pattern Survey (NHAPS): a resource for assessing exposure to environmental pollutants. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2001 May-Jun;11(3):231–52.

Sculpting your Body with Green Light

Wouldn’t it be great if we could each reduce a couple of inches off our waist without having to diet or exercise for so long? Losing weight and fat is one of the most common health goals, both for medical and cosmetic reasons. For years, millions of people have tried different pills, injections, “natural” herbs, and many products that are supposed to help us reduce weight. Unfortunately, these usually don’t work

Clinical trial

Many people trying to lose weight just want to look better in the mirror, or at the beach. A wide variety of therapies to target fat and improve appearance are called “body contouring” or “body sculpting”, some surgical, others noninvasive. But many of them don’t work, or produce troublesome side effects. Green light therapy is completely natural & noninvasive and has proven to be an effective option for changing the way your body looks.

In the clinical trial NCT03647748 a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized evaluation of the effect of Cellulize, a green light low-level laser system for aesthetic use for the non-invasive reduction in fat layer for body contouring and reduction of cellulite.

Device Description

The Cellulize is a non-invasive green light system with a power output of 105mW/cm2, consisting of 150 light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that emit visible light at a nominal wavelength of 532nm ± 3nm (visible green light spectrum) and a spectral bandwidth of 10nm. Cellulize® is indicated for uses non-invasive dermatological aesthetic treatment for the reduction of circumference of hips, waist, and thighs. The Massager component is indicated for the temporary reduction in the appearance of cellulite.

Clinical Testing

Cumulative circumferences of waist, hip, left and right thighs for each patient was calculated before and after treatment. Three main points were concluded as a result of the study:

1. Cellulize causes immediate inch loss in subjects after a regimen of six treatments of 32 minutes (8 minutes on each of four positions) compared to individuals subjected to a placebo device for equivalent treatment. In a typical regimen, patients lost an average cumulative of 2.67 inches of circumference compared to the placebo average of 0.5 inches. This meets the anticipated primary outcome measure “Average Change in Inches of Total Circumference Measurements for the effect of Cellulize, a LED 532nm green light low-level laser system for aesthetic use for the non-invasive reduction in fat layer for body contouring from baseline measurements, and after treatment. ”

Figure 1, below, shows the graphical summary of inch loss for patients in the Cellulize active group and the Placebo control group respectively. Table 1 gives the mean values for both groups as well as the standard deviation for the “after” measurements, as well as 7-day and 14-day follow-ups relative to the “before” measurements for each patient:

Figure 1

2. While the durability of effect is also impacted by extrinsic factors after treatments such as diet, it was demonstrated that subjects were more likely to show continued inch loss upon following up with each subject at 7 days and again at 14 days. In general, patients undergoing active Cellulize 532nm green light continued losing some inch with an average continued loss of an additional 1.20 inches for a total average inch loss of 3.87 inches where average placebo measurements after 14 days yielded a net gain (not a loss) of 0.875 inches. This implies that the green light treatment meets the expected primary outcome of demonstrated durability of effect after a short -term follows up of 2 weeks.

3 Finally, the effect of Cellulize LED 532nm green light without any other intervention was measured for its effect on cellulite as part of the study. The Nurnberger-Muller Scale (NMS), a four-stage scale used as an industry standard to classify stage or degree of cellulite and to determine the change in stage or degree of cellulite following treatment intervention, was used to ensure consistent evaluation standards. Results from the active device as well as placebo both showed that cellulite, in general, did not decrease on the back of thigh/buttocks for subjects after a single treatment of 532nm green light. This result failed to meet the anticipated primary outcome measure of decreasing the appearance of cellulite as a measure of the Nurnberger-Muller Scale (NMS) from baseline to completion of treatment for the thigh/buttock area.

Fat Reducing Low-Level Laser — OLI

The FDA product classification code, OLI, has a guidance document which is the special control for this product, Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff — Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Low-Level Laser System for Aesthetic Use. According to the guidance document, FDA believes that special controls, when combined with the general controls, will be sufficient to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the low-level laser system for aesthetic use. Cellulize complies with all of the standards outlined in the special controls consensus standards.

To learn more about OLI products, you can visit https://fda.report/Product-Code/OLI

Kaiyan Medical

Here in Kaiyan Medical, we are pioneers and innovators with light therapy. We keep developing technologies with green light and trying to reach more markets.

kaiyanmedical.com


References

Effects of Green Light Therapy on Body Contouring and Cellulite - Full Text View …
Primary Outcome Measures : Average Change in Inches of Total Circumference Measurements [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ] Average…clinicaltrials.gov

Duarte FO, et al. Can low-level laser therapy (LLLT) associated with an aerobic plus resistance training change the cardiometabolic risk in obese women? A placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2015 Dec;153:103–10.

da Silveira Campos RM, Dâmaso AR, et al. The effects of exercise training associated with low-level laser therapy on biomarkers of adipose tissue transdifferentiation in obese women. Lasers in Medical Science. 2018 Aug;33(6):1245–1254.

Defeat the Migraine with the Power of the Green Light

What is a Migraine?

Migraine is a neurological condition that can cause multiple symptoms. It’s frequently characterized by intense, debilitating headaches. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, difficulty speaking, numbness or tingling, and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines often run in families and affect all ages.

People describe migraine pain as:

  • Pulsating
  • Throbbing
  • Perforating
  • Pounding
  • Debilitating
Migraine Symptoms

Migraine symptoms may begin one to two days before the headache itself. This is known as the prodrome stage. Symptoms during this stage can include:

  • Food cravings
  • Depression
  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Frequent yawning
  • Hyperactivity
  • Irritability
  • Neck stiffness
LED Green Light: a Novel, Non-Invasive, and Non-Pharmacological Therapy.

The effects of green light on the brain have been researched and well-documented for years. The green light can reset the circadian rhythm through melatonin, the hormone that regulates our sleep-wake cycles. A special photoreceptor system in the human eye picks up light and elicits non-visual responses, sending signals to the brain to reset the body’s internal clock and altering melatonin production levels.

Long-time sufferers of migraines and other chronic pain conditions may benefit from exposure to LED green light. A new study, led by pharmacologist Mohab M. Ibrahim, M.D., Ph.D., found that the color green may be key to easing pain.

Ibrahim’s interest in studying the ameliorating effects of green light was inspired by his brother, who has dealt with severe headaches for several years. Instead of taking ibuprofen, his brother would sit in his garden and soak up the verdure of nature to ease the pain from his headaches.

“I wanted to see what is in his garden or in a garden, in general, that would make headaches better,” said Ibrahim, director of the Chronic Pain Management Clinic at Banner — University Medical Center Tucson.

In his clinical practice, Ibrahim also saw that his patients suffering from migraines and fibromyalgia had limited treatment options, and wanted to find a novel, non-invasive, nonpharmacological therapy.

In his study, which has yet to be published, Ibrahim exposed 25 migraine volunteers first to white lights for two hours as a control, then to green LED lights. He measured multiple parameters, including pain reduction, frequency of migraines or headaches, frequency of fibromyalgia flare-ups, pain intensity and duration, and quality of life.

On a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 indicating no pain and 10 the highest level of pain, migraine volunteers had an initial average baseline pain score of 8. After completing the green light therapy, their score dropped down to an average of 2.8. The frequency of headaches dropped from 19 to 6.5 per month, and the overall quality of life climbed from 48 percent to 78 percent.

“The best part about it … is the simplicity, the affordability and, most importantly, the lack of side effects,” Ibrahim said. “It’s a normal light. We’re not using a high-energy laser or anything like that.”

But if pain works through the nervous system, how exactly can green light, which works through the visual system, make people feel better?

New studies show that there are neuronal connections that span from the retina all the way to the spinal cord, passing through the parts of the brain that control and modulate pain. Green light changes the levels of serotonin and alters the endogenous opioid system, an innate pain-relieving system found throughout the central and peripheral nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and immune system, said Bing Liao, M.D., a neurologist at Houston Methodist Hospital.

“The endogenous opioid system … allows the body to generate something similar to opioids and gives us a sensation of pain relief and happy feeling,” Liao said. “Research has found that, with green light, the receptors of the endogenous opioid system can increase production in the brain and body, and the hormone by itself can increase in production, as well. … It might be an explanation for why people feel good when they’re in a green environment.”

While more studies must be done to test the efficacy of green light therapy as a treatment for chronic pain, Ibrahim said he is trying to advance this therapy as a complement to current therapies.

“What this green light therapy offers is a non-invasive, non-pharmacological additional tool, so it might help reduce opioids,” he said. “I don’t think it will eliminate opioids, but at least it may reduce it enough. It may provide people just with extra help or extra relief so that they may not need the number of opioids that they’re on.”

References

https://www.tmc.edu/news/2020/02/exposure-to-green-light-may-reduce-pain/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28001756

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21182447

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23964217

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7769534

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26989758

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15557336

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21172691

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214647416300381?via%3Dihub

Which is the Vitamin that is not Normally Found in any Vegetarian Food? — Vitamin D

What would happen if you don’t get enough sun?

Which is the vitamin that is not normally found in any vegetarian food? Vitamin D.

Scientists have defined vitamins as organic (carbon-containing) chemicals that must be obtained from dietary sources because they are not produced by our bodies. Vitamins play a crucial role in our body’s metabolism, but only tiny amounts are needed to fill that role.

The discovery of Vitamin D was the culmination of a long search for a way to cure rickets in the 1920s, a painful childhood bone disease. Within a decade, the fortification of foods with vitamin D was on the way, and rickets became rare in the United States. However, research results suggest that vitamin D may have a role in other aspects of human health.

Vitamin Dit’s absent from all-natural foods except for fish and egg yolks, and even when it’s obtained from foods, it must be transformed by the body before it can do any good. That’s why the energy of the Sun is so important.

The sun’s energy turns a chemical in your skin into vitamin D3, which is carried to your liver and then your kidneys to transform it into active vitamin D.

The main cause of vitamin D deficiency is a lack of direct sunlight.
The main cause of vitamin D deficiency is a lack of direct sunlight

Humans, day by day, spend less time outdoors. Most people work indoors now, and many of our leisure pursuits occur in an indoor setting as well. What’s more, when we are outside, many people avoid the sun as much as possible. The result is the body not absorbing enough UVB rays to create the amount of vitamin D it requires. Often, symptoms of vitamin D deficiency are quite mild. When noticed, they mainly consist of:

  • Bone pain.
  • Chronic fatigue.
  • Frequent bone fractures.
  • Muddled thought processes.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Soft or deformed bones.

Though you may not notice any symptoms, that doesn’t mean that vitamin D deficiency doesn’t present serious health risks. These include:

  • Children may develop severe asthma.
  • Immune system problems, raising your risk of infection.
  • Insulin resistance, impacting your body’s ability to process sugar and increasing your risk of diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and glucose intolerance.
  • Osteoporosis, a condition that includes brittle bones that are more likely to fracture.
  • Reduced cognitive function.
  • Rickets, a bone disease that causes soft bones and skeletal deformities.
Other conditions that would happen without enough sunlight

Less chance of having a baby

Without sunlight, there will be more melatonin in a woman’s body. This is a hormone that suppresses fertility, thereby reducing her chances of conceiving a baby. Moreover, women who get less sunlight reach their menopause earlier than those who are exposed to the Sun. Men can also suffer from a lack of sunlight; it directly influences testosterone levels.

Less chance of having a baby

Raw nerves

It’s believed that if children don’t get enough sunlight, they’ll be more at risk of developing multiple sclerosis, a disease of the central nervous system when they become adults.

All those aches and pains

Without sunlight, be prepared to get more pains all over your body. Sunlight helps to warm the body’s muscles and reduce the pain caused by inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.

No sunny emotions

Image for post

Without sunlight, we would be forever stuck with the seasonal affective disorder (SAD), commonly known as the winter blues. It’s a form of depression that is specifically caused by a lack of sunlight. Artificial light cannot fully replace natural sunlight.

Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D may help prevent many disorders, such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, bronchitis, premenstrual syndrome, increased blood pressure, strokes and heart attacks, and even cancer. Low serum vitamin D levels are also associated with being overweight, abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome, stroke, and diabetes. In addition, having lower blood vitamin D levels for a long period is associated with increased heart attacks and all-cause mortality.

In Kaiyan medical, we believe in the benefits of light. We believe in healing without chemicals. With our lights, we want you to have the best version of yourself. More at kaiyanmedical.com

References:

Holick MF (March 2006). “High prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy and implications for health”. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 81 (3): 353–73. doi:10.4065/81.3.353. PMID 16529140.

Holick MF (December 2004). “Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease”. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 80 (6 Suppl): 1678S–88S. doi:10.1093/ajcn/80.6.1678S. PMID 15585788.

Weick MT (November 1967). “A history of rickets in the United States”. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 20 (11): 1234–41. doi:10.1093/ajcn/20.11.1234. PMID 4862158.

Aghajafari F, Nagulesapillai T, Ronksley PE, Tough SC, O’Beirne M, Rabi DM (March 2013). “Association between maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and pregnancy and neonatal outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies”. BMJ. 346: f1169. doi:10.1136/bmj.f1169. PMID 23533188.

Palacios C, De-Regil LM, Lombardo LK, Peña-Rosas JP (November 2016). “Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy: Updated meta-analysis on maternal outcomes”. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 164: 148–155. doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2016.02.008. PMC 5357731. PMID 26877200.

Roth DE, Leung M, Mesfin E, Qamar H, Watterworth J, Papp E (November 2017). “Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy: state of the evidence from a systematic review of randomised trials”. BMJ. 359: j5237. doi:10.1136/bmj.j5237. PMC 5706533. PMID 29187358.

The Beauty and the Beam: the Magic of the Red Light Therapy.

Skeptical

While I was initially skeptical at the 8-minute treatment, after I started to calm my mind, I fell in love with it. From age spots, to dry skin and acne, it cures whatever ails you. Could sound like a magic potion from a princess but is just light therapy. Before you go with the “What the…?” face, it’s only a matter of time before it shows up in most of the celebrities’ social media.

Most of our users describe it as

“warm and relaxing, and allows you to go into a meditative state of mind.”

LED light therapy has an established history of skin uses. The U.S. Navy SEALs began using it in the 1990s to help heal wounds quickly and to help regenerate damaged muscle tissues.

Since then, the treatment has been researched for different situations in aesthetics. It’s mainly noted for increasing collagen and tissues.

There are different frequencies, or wavelengths, used with LED light treatment. These include red and blue light frequencies, which don’t contain ultraviolet rays and are readily absorbed into the skin.

Light therapy

Different than Daylight

Unlike ultraviolet rays from the sun which damage the DNA of skin cells, “light emitted in this spectrum is perfectly safe,” said Dr. Susan Bard, a board-certified dermatologist based in New York City.

That means there’s no tanning or burning when you’re exposed to red light. Its effects happen deep inside at the cellular level. All living things need to make ATP cellular energy to function and survive, and nearly all living things rely on natural light to power this process in our cells every day. Red and near-infrared wavelengths of natural light stimulate the mitochondria in your cells, the powerhouses responsible for taking light, oxygen, and the food we eat — and turning it into usable energy for our bodies through the process of cellular respiration.

Light therapy

Uses of Red Light

Red light therapy has been used to treat or improve the following:

  • pain
  • inflammation
  • healing
  • tissue regeneration
  • autoimmune diseases
  • brain disorders
  • athletic performance
  • eyesight
  • heating
  • cancer therapy side effects

“The number of conditions red light can treat is ‘continuously expanding”

said Michael R. Hamblin, PhD, a principal investigator at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and associate professor of dermatology at Harvard Medical School.

The Short Version

Light therapy delivers safe, concentrated wavelengths of natural light to your skin and cells, with no chemicals, UV rays, or excess heat. These red and near-infrared wavelengths of light stimulate the mitochondria in your cells similar to natural sunlight, reducing oxidative stress, and increasing circulation, so your body is able to make more core energy to power itself.

In Kaiyan medical, we believe in the benefits of light. We believe in healing without chemicals. With our lights, we want you to have the best version of yourself.

The Golden Healer - The Beginning of the Light Therapy

Light therapy, also known as phototherapy, has been widely used as a safe, noninvasive treatment option for several conditions, including skin disorders, insomnia, and depression. Today, light therapy is an FDA-approved cosmetic procedure and a skincare must-have, as it provides anti-inflammatory effects, promotes healing and helps increase collagen production, giving its users the fresh, glowing skin they’ve always wanted.

The History of Light Therapy

Some of the logic related to solariums began in China around 6,000 BC. At that time, Chinese architects began building homes to face south so that the sun would heat the interior, a practice that continues even today. While windows were likely no more than a gap in the wall at the time, you can still imagine families gathering around to soak up the light and heat. Finally, the trend of solar-heated homes began to catch on in Greece and even Rome.

If you’d like to geek out on this amazing health and beauty solution, let’s take a trip down memory lane and know how light therapy started, from the Chinese and Greeks to modern day discoveries.

The Greeks

Light therapy dates back to the ancient Greeks. The Greek city of the sun called Heliopolis was known for his healing temples that use sunlight spectrums (different colors) to cure specific medical concerns. This is also where the term heliotherapy, or the exposure to light, came from.

According to Socrates, the ideal house should be cool in summer and warm in winter and nowadays we still believe that. But, 2,500 years ago, in Greece, accomplish this was hard. No heating systems or any type of AC.

At that time, they ravaged the forest for wood to heat their homes and cook. Trees were also needed to fuel operations and build homes and ships. But, this was destroying the timberlands. Plato once compared the hills of Attica to the bones of a wasted body. Plato said:

“ All the richer and softer parts have fallen away…..and the mere skeleton of the land remains.”

With wood scarring and the supply sources getting farther and farther away, the fuel prices most likely went up. Fortunately, an alternative source of energy was available, the sun, whose energy is vast and free.

With time, the Greeks learned to build their houses to take advantage of the sun’s ray during winter and to avoid the sun’s heat during the hot summer. Individual homes were oriented towards the south and then entire cities were planned to allow citizens access to the winter sun. Citizens were saving money and resources.

Image for post

Greeks venerated the sun so they were happy to create their solar-friendly houses. Theophrastus, a naturalist commented that Greeks believed that —

the sun provides life-sustaining heat in animals and plants. It also probably supplies the heat of earthly flames. They believed they were catching the sun when making fire.

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It was commonly known that exposure to the sun nurtured good health. Oribasius, an ancient medical authority, wrote that south-facing areas were healthy places because of their exposure to the sun.

1903

Dr. Niels Finsen, a Danish physician and scientist, received a Nobel Prize of Medicine in 1903 for his contributions in treating lupus vulgaris and other diseases using concentrated light radiation. His award was well-deserved as he has opened new doors and treatment possibilities for the medical industry. Finsen first talked about the preliminary results of the use of ‘the chemical rays of light’ in 1896. When he said ‘chemical light,’ he meant ionizing light or light that produces chemical effects, such as ultraviolet rays.

1960s

Decades of research have shown that light therapy produces impressive therapeutic benefits to living tissue. In fact, in the 1960s, it was distinguished in Europe that treatment tissues gained therapeutic effects from single wavelengths through photo-stimulation. One good example of this is the practice of providing light treatment to babies who are suffering from jaundice or yellow skin.

1980s - 1990s

Light therapy became more popular from the 1980s to 1990s, as more clinics, medical facilities, and companies start to discover how powerful light therapy can be in terms of treating conditions and diseases. In fact the cosmetic benefits of light therapy also came to surface during this time. Meanwhile, some sports teams, athletes and physical therapists discovered that light therapy can help relieve sports-related injuries. It was noted that an injured person who undergoes light therapy can recover 50 times faster than a person who doesn’t.

2000s

The development of light therapy has become unstoppable starting 2000. More companies started to produce various light therapy machines and devices for medical treatment and aesthetic purposes. These equipment come in different lights and sizes to help address or give solution to different types of conditions. Some researches even found out that light therapy, using red frequency, combined with topical cream, can kill certain kinds of cancer cells.

Final Thoughts

We hope this quick throwback on the roots of light therapy has given you more insights about the effectivity of this solution both for clinical and aesthetic use. If you’re in need of light therapy machines and/or supplies, we can do the job for you. Here at Kaiyan Medical, we see to it that the medical devices we manufacture for our clients are safe and are compliant to ISO medical standards. You can trust that your machines will be manufactured using the right tools, at a safe environment. To learn more about our light therapy products and services, click here.

References